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The Effects Of Colonization On African Countries

2554 words - 10 pages

The Effects of Colonization on African Countries

If Africa were a person, it would be a wise, young, memorable woman
with a difficult past. It would be wise because of its knowledge
through experience, young because of its age in comparison with other
countries, memorable because of its life-long history, and a woman
because of its patience and grueling work. The continent Africa, to
some extent is all these things; but because Africa consists of at
least 54 different countries, each with its own chronicle, it is
cannot be a person, for a person is a characteristic individual. Thus,
Africa is not as wise and collected as it should be. Young? Maybe;
memorable? Possibly; but wise? That is debatable. One of the most
fascinating things about Africa is its suffering and challenging past.
Throughout its years of struggle, its ultimate independence by 1970
has been its biggest achievement. Due to its previous colonization and
control, this period was a large step for the continent. Africa was
faced with several problems and challenges, some brought shortly
after, and some occurring long-term. Whatever the case, many of these
difficulties have affected the lifestyle of Africans today that sets
Africa apart from the rest of the world at present. The continent is
labeled as being the “Third World”. The “Dark Continent”. Why? Why is
Africa different from the rest of the world’s continents? The answer
is categorized into three different forms. The reason Africa is
diverse to continents such as America, Australia, Great Britain is
because it suffers from the problems that it did since its
independence, which can be classified into the groups ‘Economic’,
‘Social’ and ‘Political’. The economic difficulties only made the
social challenges even worse, and aspects such as starvation, lack of
communication and infrastructure, and unemployment led to the spread
of diseases, poor knowledge and education, and appalling bribery and
corruption. Because of one trouble leading to another, civil wars were
not uncommon, and the unstable governments of the countries were just
‘the icing on the cake’. The mixture of problems made African
lifestyle a constant struggle, which still somewhat exists till today.
However, these tribulations are dated back since many years, and there
are theories to what provoked them. One of the most popularly accused
sources has been the effect of colonization on Africa. However, surely
these problems cannot all be blamed on the colonies? This poses the
long-thought question: to what extent can these problems be fully
attributed to colonization? It is not possible to be firm on this
response, though; different factors may have influenced different
things. Therefore, Africa’s independence could not have fully been
held responsibility for all Africa’s post-independence suffering, only

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