The Effects Of Day Care On Children's Cognitive And Social Development

1260 words - 5 pages

The Effects of Day Care on Children's Cognitive and Social Development

What is day care?

According to Scarr (1998) day care is the non-maternal care of
children who reside with parents/guardians. There are two types of
day-care, 'out of home' (including Crèches, day nurseries and
childminders) and 'in the home' (including nannies and non-residential
grandparents).

Today, a lot of mothers of infants under 12 ¾ months need to put their
children in day care so that they can go out to work. But some people
believe that day care can be harmful for children because it could
interfere with their attachments. Bowlby (1951) said that 'mother love
in infancy is as important for mental health as vitamins and proteins
are for physical health'. So if a child is in day care and always away
from its mother it might not be able to form the first attachment it
needs as a prototype for later relationships.

But non-maternal care is shared in some cultures as Scarr (1998) said:
'Exclusive maternal care of infants and young children is a cultural
myth…not a reality anywhere in the world now or in earlier times.
Childcare has always been shared, usually among female relatives. What
has changed over time and varies cross-nationally is the degree to
which care is bought in the marketplace rather than shared among
female relatives.' So children have always had some type of day care,
but the quality of the day care could matter.

Bredekamp (1989) defines quality care as 'Warm, supportive
interactions with adults in a safe, healthy, and stimulating
environment, where early education and trusting relationships combine
to support individual children's physical, emotional, social and
intellectual development.' So quality care can be measured by these
criteria:
=====================================================================

· Health and safety requirements

· Responsive and warm interaction between staff and children

· Developmentally appropriate curricula

· Limited group size

· Age-appropriate caregiver-child ratio's

· Adequate indoor and outdoor space

· Adequate staff training (in either early childhood education or
child development)

· Low staff turnover (as a measure of the stability of care)

Day care on children's social developments
------------------------------------------

Results tend to show that attachments don't weaken through daily
separations. If the day care is good quality then children can benefit
from it.

Bowlby says that if a child's mother goes to work then the child will
experience deprivation (loss/separation) but if the mother goes to
work during the child's first year then an attachment might not
develop casing privation (lack/absence). If the child does experience
deprivation then they could become extremely...

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