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The Effects Of Deforestation Of The Amazon Rainforest

1115 words - 4 pages

Today, the total percentage of forest cover of the earth is approximately thirty percent (“Deforestation”). That is about nine percent of the world’s total surface. The largest rainforest is the Amazon River Basin, located in South America. The Amazon is home to many species of animals, insects, plants and trees. Many of the trees and plants in the Amazon produce about twenty percent of the oxygen on earth, and absorb carbon. However, the Amazon is decreasing in size every day due to the ongoing deforestation of the land. Deforestation is when the forest of the land are cleared or destroyed, in order to be used for other actions (“Deforestation”). The Amazon is twenty percent less than it was about forty years ago (Wallace). In just about every hour to two, land that is larger than two hundred football fields put together is being cleared (Wallace). With the ongoing actions of deforestation in South America, the world could face many effects that will impact every living species.
When deforestation continues to occur, the environment in the world becomes more and more impacted by greenhouse gases. As these greenhouse gases allow sunlight to enter the earth, there is some light that reflects back into space called infrared or heat radiation (“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”). The greenhouse gases trap the heat radiation from leaving into space (“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”). When the heat radiation is trapped, it causes the earth’s temperature to rise (“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”). Among these greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, which is a gas that trees absorb (“Greenhouse Gases, Climate Change, and Energy”). As the trees absorb the carbon dioxide, they produce and release oxygen. When we allow deforestation to occur, we also allow more and more carbon dioxide, along with other greenhouse gases, to enter the atmosphere. In the process of these actions, we throw off the carbon cycle in which our oxygen supply is produced. Many living species, like humans, need oxygen in order to live. With the ongoing actions of deforestation, we cut out the supply of oxygen in order for life to be sustained on earth.
As parts to of the world still continue to commit acts of deforestation in the rainforest areas, at the same time, the climate on earth also becomes affected by these actions, too. The trees in the rainforest are essential to the water cycle (Szalay). The water cycle is the movement of water on the earth (“Summary of the Water Cycle”). The trees in the water cycle act in the process of evapotranspiration. The word evapotranspiration is evaporation and transpiration together (Briney). Evaporation is when water converts from liquid into a gas or vapor (Briney). Transpiration, however, is when a plant or tree absorbs the water from their roots and is evaporated back into the atmosphere through its leaves, stems, or flowers (Briney). The water evaporated from the trees and plants contribute to...

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