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The Effects Of Human Cloning On Medicine

2312 words - 9 pages

Imagine a world in which a clone is created only for its organs to be transplanted into a sick person’s body. Human cloning has many possible benefits, but it comes with concerns. Over the past few decades, researchers have made several significant discoveries involving the cloning of human cells (ProQuest Staff). These discoveries have led to beneficial medical technologies to help treat disease (Aldridge). The idea of cloning an entire human body could possibly revolutionize the medical world (Aldridge). However, many people are concerned that these advancements would degrade self-worth and dignity (Hyde and Setaro 89). Even though human cloning brings about questions of bioethics, it has the potential to save and recreate the lives of humans and to cure various diseases without the use of medication (Aldridge, Hyde and Setaro).
Recent discoveries involving cloning have sparked ideas of cloning an entire human body (ProQuest Staff). Cloning is “the production of an organism with genetic material identical to that of another organism” (Seidel). Therapeutic cloning is used to repair the body when something isn’t working right, and it involves the production of new cells from a somatic cell (Aldridge). Reproductive cloning involves letting a created embryo develop without interference (Aldridge). Stem cells, if isolated, will continue to divide infinitely (Belval 6). Thoughts of cloning date back to the beginning of the twentieth century (ProQuest Staff). In 1938, a man decided that something more complex than a salamander should be cloned (ProQuest Staff). A sheep named Dolly was cloned from an udder cell in 1997, and this proved that human cloning may be possible (Aldridge). In 1998, two separate organizations declared that they had cloned human embryos, but neither of these groups had proof of their claims (ProQuest Staff). Human embryo cloning was successfully attempted by Advanced Cell Technology in 2001, but the embryos only lived for a few days (Scientists Attempt to Clone Human Embryo). In the year 2000, a young girl was dying of Fanconi Anemia, and after embryo testing was performed on her brother, she was saved by a transplant of Adam’s cells (Hyde and Setaro 83). A false claim involving cloning was made again in 2002 when a company called Clonaid announced that they cloned a human called “Eve” (ProQuest Staff, Human Cloning Timeline). In 2004, scientists in South Korea began creating embryonic stem cells from cloned embryos (ProQuest Staff). After a baby boy died in an operation, the hospital offered to have the baby cloned for the parents to replace the child (Talbot). The advancements in cloning over the years have led to ideas of cloning entire human bodies.
Human cloning has many potential medical uses. In recent years, scientists have come up with many ideas in which human cloning could be utilized for the benefit of society. An adult stem cell is “an unspecialized cell found within groups of specialized...

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