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The Effects Of Imperialism Essay

955 words - 4 pages

Imperialism was the belief that a country must extend its power and influence over other land. This belief was what fueled most of the late 19th and early 20th century’s governments. To the mother countries at the time, it was the best thing that ever happened to them because they became exceptionally wealthy from the colony’s profits. The colonies had horrible working conditions, no food, loss of homes, and the combination of all three of these points led to death. The reason imperialism had a negative impact on the world was because the poor, working class of the colonies heavily outweighed the wealthy people of the upper class in the mother countries. This meant that imperialism caused more harm than good since it affected more people in a detrimental way. Although Imperialism improved economic conditions throughout the world, as a whole, it led to negative consequences for the indigenous people. Imperialism was responsible for minor wars. The result of imperialism was colonization which destroyed homes, farms, and wages. Imperialism eventually led to nationalism. Overall, Imperialism harmed the indigenous people.
One effect of imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th century was the minor wars. There never was a major war in the 19th century. Instead, there was several minor wars all over the world, including the Boer War, Opium War, Spanish-American War, Filipino War, Hawaiian War, and Sepoy Mutiny. To elaborate, all of these wars were not fought world wide, but in small countries over land disputes or because of the colonies’ want for independence from the mother countries. The Opium War was the most immense war of the 19th century. It was fought between the British and the Chinese. The death toll was 19,000. The death toll for the Opium War was 4,000 fewer than the Boer War, but 65% of the Boer War casualties was from disease. As a result, there were 7,700 casualties in the Boer War. The smallest recorded war casualties in the 19th century was the Spanish-American War: 3,560 died. The calamity count for World War 1 was over 36 million people. The largest war was insignificant in comparison to an actual major war. Even though there never were any major wars, the amassed amount of minor wars was caused by imperialism. Imperialism not only caused wars, but it also affected colonization.
Another effect of imperialism in the late 19th and early 20th century was colonization. There were three major reasons that mother countries colonized. First, the mother countries believed that they had to have a strong industrial economy. They also needed to have a steady supply of raw materials. Last, to protect their economic interest, they needed to have a strong military. Another reason that colonization happened in African, India, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Korea, and several other countries, was because the white men felt that they were superior to...

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