This paper will discuss the effects of infertility on families and marriages in Kenya. It will draw conclusions from the works of Cui (2010) from the World Health Organization and Dr. Fathalla (2010) who has been published in the Journal of Reproductive Health. It will cite the works ofDr Gamal (2010), President of the International Federation of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) as well as Erickson and Brunette (1996). It will also outline the works of Kimani and Olenja (2001) with regard to the cultural impact of infertility among women in Kenya. It will draw statistics from the CIA World Fact Book and discuss MacComarck’s (1994) piece on the women in Moyambs District. This article will also include Vanderpoel’s (2010) work for the Reproductive Health and Research Department at the World Health Organization (WHO).
How the rate of infertility is growing/increasingly common in Kenya
As of 2013, the estimated Total fertility rate in Kenya was 3.76 children born per woman. According to the CIA World Fact Book (2013), this is a figure for the average number of children that would be born per woman if all women lived to the end of their childbearing years and bore children according to a given fertility rate at each age.
“The total fertility rate (TFR) is a more direct measure of the level of fertility than the crude birth rate, since it refers to births per woman,” states the Fact Book. “A rate of two children per woman is considered the replacement rate for a population, resulting in relative stability in terms of total numbers.
Rates above two children indicate populations growing in size and whose median age is declining. Higher rates may also indicate difficulties for families, in some situations, to feed and educate their children and for women to enter the labour force.” Cui (2010) notes that infertility affects up to 15% of reproductive-aged couples worldwide.
“As the cost of establishing advanced infertility centres is very high, only a limited number of centres were established in some low- and middle-income countries and most remain in the private sector,” says Dr. Gamal (2010). Cui (2010) argues that the situation is made worse by the lack of support women face, both emotional and financial.
In places like Kenya and other parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, infertile women discouraged from seeking modern treatment by their male partners (Gamal, 2010). “Combined with the widespread lack of insurance coverage, seeking fertility care often means a lonely path for women wishing to conceive (Cui, 2010).
Women use a lot of their money and resources to get things right but without success they end up losing more economical wise, since the exercise is very...