This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effects Of Marcellus Shale Drilling On Wv Agriculture

1134 words - 5 pages

In recent years, the Marcellus Shale has been drilled for its natural gas. Drilling in the Marcellus Shale has proven profitable, and the drilling has its pros due to the fact that this project has created numerous jobs for the American population. Despite this, Marcellus Shale drilling has been a controversial topic due to the hazardous impact done to the lands in which the drilling took place. Some argue that while the drilling has helped the economy, it has also been the downfall of agriculture.

The Marcellus Shale is a rock formation found under the Appalachian states of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, and Maryland. In 2009, the Department of Energy estimated that two ...view middle of the document...

Hydraulic fracturing – “hydrofracking” or simply “fracking” – involves injecting high volumes of water, sand, and chemicals – also known as frack fluid – into the ground to release natural gas; this mix has the possibility of contaminating drinking water millions of people in the Appalachian region rely on (“Natural Gas Drilling”). Approximately four percent of the methane gas produced by the wells escapes during the mining process and causes methane pollution. Methane gas contaminating drinking water is seventeen times higher near fracking locations than anywhere else. Other pollutants are released into the air from these wells; side effects of the air pollutants include short-term illness, cancer, organ damage, nervous system disorders, birth defects, and sometimes even death. Exposure to the toxic chemicals found during fracking can be lethal. In millions of gallons of fracking fluid, one can find six hundred and thirty two chemicals. Twenty five percent of the chemicals found are linked to cancer or mutations; thirty seven percent affect hormones. Forty to fifty percent affect kidneys along with the nervous, immune, and cardiovascular systems; seventy five percent affect sensory organs and the respiratory and digestive systems. Gas explosions can cause blowouts, and fracking-induced earthquakes can occur. These earthquakes are typically small in magnitude, with the strongest one only being five point two out of ten, but they still cause fear in anyone who has to witness one. Infrastructure can be degraded. Some places where drilling occurs have an insufficient amount of water, and since hydraulic fracturing uses an abundance of water, these places may have an even larger shortage of water. If workers are not exceedingly cautious, they may be injured on the job when dealing with the chemicals or machinery. Crystalline silica inhalation can cause silicosis in workers; this lung disease is incurable but preventable if workers are careful (Hoffman). Only ten to twenty percent of frack fluids are recovered; waste waters contain mineral salts, toxic heavy metals, radioactive materials, and the chemicals added to the frack fluid (“What is Fracking?”).

Marcellus Shale drilling is found throughout a majority of West Virginia, and the drilling is often seen on farms where land is already cleared and generally flat. Marcellus Shale drilling workers often buy or lease farm land for a lofty sum of money to drill. Land not being used for drilling is often used to build hotels and other businesses for drilling workers. Consequently, agriculture is severely...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of Marcellus Shale Drilling on WV Agriculture

Effects of the Generation Gap in Agriculture

1043 words - 5 pages billion people in 2050 will take: time, patience, education, and everyone working together. The average american is now 3 generations removed from the family farm. What do we as agriculturist do about this? We have to educate the unknown on the good in agriculture to abolish stereotypes of agriculturist. “For the first time in history, four generations of consumers are working and communicating side-by-side” (“Communicating Across Multiple

Possible Solutions to Remedy the Detrimental Effects of Soil Acidity on Tropical Agriculture

2174 words - 9 pages Possible Solutions to Remedy the Detrimental Effects of Soil Acidity on Tropical Agriculture Arable tropical soils, which mainly consist of Oxisols and Ultisols but also include regions of Inceptisols and Alfisols, cover approximately one billion hectares; this area represents 33 percent of the total potentially arable land of this world which does not require irrigation. Most of these soils have optimum conditions for crop production

The effects climate change has on agriculture and livestock

1042 words - 5 pages health and growth and eventually death. Drought is a factor of climate change that causes severe damages to agriculture and livestock. The effects of drought on agricultural production and livestock holding can be a detrimental issue and result in quality dissatisfaction of products. The agricultural industry can be affected by drought both economically and environmentally. The economical effects of drought on crops and animals can lead to the loss

Salinity: The effects it has on plants and Australian agriculture

969 words - 4 pages million hectares5. On a national scale, this may seem insignificant but that is 2.5 million hectares of generally valuable farmland which is now 'useless'5. Also, due to the harsh effects of salinity along with the difficulty in repairing salinised lands, soil salinity can easily define success or failure in crop production for Australian farmers.Soil salinity has drastic effects on plants. The issue begins when large concentrations of salt (a solute

The Benefits of Offshore Drilling

950 words - 4 pages one percent of the overall oil contamination rate (Baird). According to this information, pollution found in the United States comes from various sources. If Americans worry about pollution, oil drilling should not be one of the top concerns. Truck pollution seems to have more of an impact on the environment than offshore oil drilling pollution. Sean Kilcarr explains, “. . . diesel-powered trucks . . . [are] responsible for more than 60 percent

The Mark of Agriculture

1219 words - 5 pages there is significant detriment to the survival of the human race. The Neolithic, the first of the revolutions, which is marked by the advent of agriculture, may in fact be the pivotal point of the human health decline. Before agriculture, human populations relied heavily on the foods that they found, scavenged or hunted in their area of occupation. (Higman 2011) This form of subsistence generally led to a nutritionally balanced diet. Their

Impact of rainfall on agriculture

1415 words - 6 pages leading to loss of income, food insecurity and imbalanced regional growth. However, some of the other districts (some parts of Pune like Baramati) see a relatively good harvest. Droughts can have adverse effects on multiple levels. It can affect individuals, governments and ecology as a whole. At a micro level, droughts can create severe financial pressures on the farmers as they cause crop loss which in turn causes loss of income which further

The Invention of Chinampa Agriculture

1222 words - 5 pages most significance is the development of chinampa agriculture. The Aztecs utilized many farming techniques to feed their ever growing population, but since Tenochtitlan was built on swampy land, chinampas were the main food production. Although the Aztecs adapted and popularized the chinampa technology, the Xochilmilcans were the first to develop this raised-bed agriculture. The Aztecs inherited chinampas from the regional indigenous people, the

The Invention of Chinampa Agriculture

1436 words - 6 pages Mesoamerica that holds the most significance is the development of chinampa agriculture. The Aztecs utilized many farming techniques to feed their ever growing population, but since Tenochtitlan was built on swampy land, chinampas were the main food production (Jaime Cóttrill C.). Although the Aztecs adapted and popularized the chinampa agriculture, the Xochimilca were the first to develop this raised-bed agriculture. The Aztecs came to use the chinampas

Impacts of Wyoming’s Agriculture on Economy

1490 words - 6 pages million acres. The state brings in more than $1 billion in receipts each year from the farming and ranching industry.”(ICF International in partnership with Link WYOMING, 2) From the words, we can see the importance and necessary of agriculture to Wyoming’s culture and lifestyle. What is the more important point is that the economic effects of agriculture. Three positive impacts of Wyoming’s agriculture on economy are contributing to economy directly

Effect of Agriculture on International Trade Negotiations

3589 words - 14 pages Effect of Agriculture on International Trade NegotiationsObjective:-Agriculture is one of the prominent sectors of every economy. With the current industrial slowdown impacting the economies around the world, agriculture role in the contribution to nation's economic health has become overwhelming. Our objective in this paper is to identify the effects on international trade negotiations like the DOHA round of WTO. The DOHA Round has been on for

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Genetic Engineering On Agriculture

1678 words - 7 pages The Effects of Genetic Engineering on Agriculture Agribiotechnology is the study of making altered agricultural products. Agribusiness is trying to alter the genes of already existing products to try to enhance the biocompetitiveness and adaptability of crops by enhancing plant resistance to drought, salinity, disease, pests and herbicides. They are going to try to enhance their growth, productivity, nutrient value, and chemical

The Effects Of Off Shore Drilling On Marine Ecosystems

1708 words - 7 pages transport are produced mainly by oil spills, accidental or not, and the work in the refineries. It is our responsibility as citizen of the world to act more conscious about the future of every living creature and our most precious resource called water. Reference Effects of oil on wildlife and habitat. (2010).http://www.restorethegulf.gov/library/assets/rtg_oil_effects_on_wildlife.pdf,1, 01-02. PLUSHNICK-MASTI, R. (2010, august 20). Oil spill panel hears about halliburton warning. Yahoo News, SAVAGE, S. (2010, June 22). Drilling ban blocked; u.s. will issue new order . Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/06/23/us/23drill.html

The Effects Of Genetically Modified Organisms On Agriculture

644 words - 3 pages The ability to use biotechnology in order to crossbreed diverse forms of life has had a profound impact on agriculture around the world. The two main reasons for the use genetic engineering in plants is in order to develop traits for herbicide tolerance as well as to make the plants form natural pesticides. The first genetically engineered crop which was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration was the Flavr-Savr tomato in 1994

Impact Of Shale Gas Boom On The Market

1116 words - 4 pages trying to figure out its sourcing or possibly location strategy. “Naphtha crackers cannot be readily converted into ethane crackers, and a key prerequisite is a reliable source of ethane, either through import, local production or both . . . going a long way towards improving Europe’s competitiveness in petrochemicals.” (Cool, 2013) Europe must find solutions to the challenges it now faces brought on by the shale gas boom. To reap the