The Effects Of Ocean Pollution On The Environment

2069 words - 8 pages

Our oceans take a large beating every day by the extremely large amount of pollution humans produce. Our society easily dumps their waste into the oceans to dispose of the excessive amount of garbage, sewage, and chemicals, but this small and simple solution is creating an even bigger problem. The way humans dispose of their wastes is causing the death of our beloved marine life. Not only are we killing off our animals, our food source, and our resources, we are also minimizing our usable water. By having a better understanding of the problem on the severe dumping, it will be easier to find ways to help minimize the pollution that is going into the ocean.
Pollution comes in many forms. In the ocean we dump a variety of substances, including human wastes, chemicals from fertilizers, oil, and trash such as plastic which all contribute to the growing issue of our ocean pollution. In addition to, our usable waters are finite. More than 97.5 percent of the water on this planet is undrinkable salt water; the remaining 2.5 percent has two-thirds of the usable fresh water locked up in glaciers, snow, and permafrost. Of the one-third of freshwater that is available for human use, 20 percent is used for industrial use. (“Water Pollution”) “In effect, water pollution reduces the volume of water available for use by human and other populations.” (Robin Clarke, Jannet King) Knowing that there are approximately 7.2 billion people and growing on this planet with only 0.83 percent of available for our use wouldn’t you want to do everything possible to help put an end to water pollution? (worldometers)
Industrial pollution is a large contributor to the pollution of our vast oceans. In 1996, 1.5 million cubic meters of industrial waste leaked into a river, killing all living things for several miles and in October of 2000 there were a large spill of toxic coal sludge in Kentucky. Industrial waste consists of heavy metals, solvents, toxic sludge, and more. Worldwide there are approximately 300 to 500 million tons of these wastes that will accumulate into water sources and within the United States, 60 percent of these hazardous waste are being injected into the ground where it can seep through and contaminate the water. (“Water Pollution”) Not only are we harming the creatures of the oceans and rivers, but we are also harming ourselves. The toxins that farms use such as fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals contaminate nearby rivers which flow into the oceans. The rivers carry the toxins into the oceans, which cause dead zones. Killing wildlife off or forcing them to evacuate out of the area. In the 1970s, there were 17 million tons of industrial waste that legally dumped into the ocean and later in 1980s, there was 18 million tons dumped. An act was created in the early 1970s to help regulate ocean dumping, but if that much waste is legally being dumped into the ocean the act should be changed. Not to mention, there is still the excessive...

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