The Effects Of Phonological And Semantic Words On False Recognition.

4824 words - 19 pages

Running Head: THE EFFECTS OF PHONOLOGICAL WORDS ON FALSE RECALLThe Effects of Phonological and Semantic Words on False RecognitionAbstractThe effects of phonological words verses semantic words, on false recognition was examined. Subjects were presented with words that sounded alike, for the phonological word list; or were closely related, for the semantic word list; along with non-studied distracter words, allowing false recognition to be studied. Subjects were more likely to remember the study item, then the critical item. Although during the remember or know judgments, as list length increased, subjects were more likely to say that they knew they saw a critical item then a study item. Subjects were more apt to remember seeing study items than critical items. Interpretations and explanations of the results are also discussedProject ProposalIntroductionThere has been a large amount of research conducted that investigates many aspects of false recall. False recall is when someone remembers something that never really happened, or the person may remember being presented with a certain word in a word list, and when they are asked to recall the list, they insert the falsely recalled word. Researchers often give subjects a list of words and then ask them to recall the words. Often what is tested is the ability of subjects to recall the critical item from a group of words that researchers presented to them. This would show how people often have a false memory in everyday activities such as recalling events, like an accident. People may add details that they don't really know. Roediger & McDermott (1995) developed a paradigm that Deese (1959) created. It they called it the DRM paradigm, named after the researchers Deese, Roediger and McDermott. The paradigm studies false recall and false recognition. Subjects study a list of 15 words associated with a critical item. Then the researchers test subjects to see if they recall the critical item as being part of the list. It is thought that these false memories represent assumptions people conclude in many activities such as conversations or reading (Roediger & McDermott, 2000). When developing this kind of study, many conditions can be used. Such as list length, presentation, duration, color, type of word (i.e. emotional, phonological, or semantic). Semantic words are words that all have some thing in common (i.e. hard, pillow, cotton, fluffy, downy, tender all have the critical item soft). While phonological words are words that sound alike (i.e. beach, leach, teach, reach, preach, and each all have the critical item peach).Bartlett (1932) led the way for research in the constructive nature of recall. Many researchers before Bartlett used word lists or nonsense syllables to test subjects, Bartlett thought that those would be to limiting. Bartlett disputed the word list and nonsense syllables because he said that it would encourage reproductive memory. Bartlett figured that more complex materials...

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