The Effects Of The Civil War On Abraham Lincoln's Writings

1116 words - 4 pages

The Civil War had a strong effect on Abraham Lincoln's Writings because most of his writings have to do with the Civil War which was caused by the issue of slavery. Lincoln's writings were written during the Civil War. Lincoln believed that slavery was wrong and fought against the idea of slavery. Lincoln realized that his battle against slavery would not be an easy one. He knew that he could not change the southerner's minds over night.During 1862, Lincoln struggled with the problem of freeing the slaves. He realized that the slavery issue must be settled if the United States, founded on the principles of liberty and equal rights for all, were to survive as a nation. He understood that the Union must be preserved as a free nation if democratic government was to succeed in the world. Lincoln decided to issue a proclamation freeing the slaves. He did not ask the advice of his cabin, but he did tell his cabinet what he intended to do. Lincoln wrote the Emancipation Proclamation during this time.The Emancipation Proclamation was Lincoln's first step against slavery. It was written on September 22,1862. It carries one of the most important messages in the history of the world. It freed all slaves of masters rebelling against the Union. It was signed on January 1, 1863.The Proclamation of Emancipation warned that if states, or parts of states, then in rebellion did not return to the Union by January 1,1863, another proclamation would be issued declaring the slaves in such regions to be "forever free."(Miers Earl Schenck. Abraham Lincoln in Peace in War 120). To free the slaves would become a goal of the Union Army. As Union armies conquered rebel territory, they would finally annihilate slavery.As January 1 ,1863 ended the people wondered if Lincoln would really sign the Proclamation. Lincoln did sign it hoping that he was doing the right thing.The proclamation really freed no slaves. It applied only to Confederate territory, where federal officers could not enforce it. The proclamation did not affect slavery in the loyal border states. Lincoln repeatedly urged those states to free their slaves and to pay owners for their loss. He promised financial help from the government. The failure of the States to follow his advice was one of his great disappointments.The Emancipation Proclamation did have a great long range effect. During December 1865, the proclamation was adopted as the thirtieth Amendment that ended slavery in all parts of the United States.In July 1863, the Union armies threw back the Confederate forces at Gettysburg. This was the only battle on Northern soil. The battlefield was dedicated as a national cemetery on November 19, 1863. The chief speaker was Edward Everett. Lincoln was the guest speaker of that day. He was invited "to deliver a few appropriate remarks" (Freedman, Russell, Lincoln A Photobiography 100). Lincoln wrote this speech while on the train on his way to give the lecture.Lincoln delivered his speech in only two minutes,...

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