The effects of war can hurt even the most advanced and developed countries. War is costly and takes many resources from the country. The need to feed the troops, supply metals for weapons and provide fuel to operate the machines. What happens to a country that does not have these types of resources readily available or has a limited supply? It can be devastating. Not only it takes these resources, it also takes a toll on the citizens. Many of these countries depend on outside aid from other developed countries and during war become scarce and during peace time aid resumes. The country of Sierra Leone has been through many times of peace, war and rebuilding.
The best way to look at how foreign aid has helped or hurt Sierra Leone is to look at the economic growth. It is how much of the world determines if the country is developing for the better of its citizens or is dire need of more drastic help. The time period of 1970-2002 shows that the people of Sierra Leone went through several coups and governmental changes that put the people through much turmoil and distress (Stewart, J. 2012). During times of peace, Sierra Leone was highly more evident than during times of conflict. This stands true because during war many different military groups were taking control of the country and its government. Groups from the indigenous people started back in the 1950’s to break free from British rule. In the 1960’s the Sierra Leone Peoples Party helped bring independence to the country (Background Note: Sierra Leone. 2012). In the 1970’s and 1980’s more groups come into and out of power in Sierra Leone. One major group that brought a lot of turmoil to Sierra Leone was the Revolutionary United Front (RUF). This group was able to lure many young men to join their organization and they gained major control over the diamond mines. Through these times many people were exiled to other countries and by 1995 most of the country was under their rule and this created their own civil war (U.S. Department of State, 2014)
When countries are at war it makes it very difficult to get the innocent people help that they need. Many times the vehicles that are delivering the aid are often raided, fired upon and stolen. The goods are usually taken by those troops in control to either force people to join in their efforts so they can get help or sold to other groups to fund their war or traded for other supplies. Often during times of war, the country that is under turmoil is dependent on outside help. Whether it is from the United Nations or other countries like the United States, sometimes it takes other military forces to bring in relief for the people.
Sierra Leone is not always in a state of conflict. Now a days it is growing to become a better place. The people here are getting the aid that they need to get them back to a state of normal. It has had a huge positive effect in terms of helping their economy to grow (Stewart, J. 2012). Following the 11-year civil war,...