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The Effects Of War And Peace On Foreign Aid In Afghanistan

962 words - 4 pages

Since September 11, the political and economic landscape of Afghanistan has changed due to the fall of the Taliban. Whether this new transition is peaceful or dangerous is yet to be seen. The Afghanistan crisis is a problem that has grown like a badly infested plant over the years. (Goodhand Jonathan, 2002, pp. 837-859)
However, not all effects of war are negative. Peace building, in any nation after war depends upon that nation’s acceptance of the western war heroes or foreign actors is positive, where the locals of the country do not feel threatened by the invaders and there is the legitimacy of the state higher. There are three situations in which the western states feel that there is a ...view middle of the document...

(Zia Ehsan)
However to overcome the negative effects of war and peace on distribution of foreign aid has led to some international agencies to contribute towards direct peace building which is a process in which the foreigners get together with the locals to fight for their rights through direct training workshops and indirect contribution to humanitarian programs of peace which are community based rehabilitation and development programs. There have also been some positive effects of war on foreign aid distribution such as Afghanistan becoming a marketing and transportation corridor for the opium and smuggled goods trade. (Walden Matt, 2008, pp. 1-28)
The Afghani leadership has proposed a high taxes regime on transportation of smuggled goods and opium in and out of Afghanistan thereby reducing gang warfare and the black marketing that seemed to take place depriving the local civilian of their rights of certain basic necessities of life. When the Taliban government rules Afghanistan, it did not believe in educating women and even men were educated only to a certain level after which education was strongly discouraged. In the post-Taliban state, the Afghani leadership with the help of ICRC made education for women possible by creating schools and colleges for female girls. It also with the help of foreign aid created new hospitals to improve the quality of surgical treatments to war casualties and made supply of medicines easy to obtain (Perrin Peirre, 1996-1998).
Due to the ‘War on Terrorism’, the government of Afghanistan became very unstable and unable to hold together the country. So the leadership of Afghanistan with the help of foreign aid and Provincial Reconstruction Teams or PRTs deployed by the United States took to increasing the political, civilian and military stability of the country...

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