The Effects Of Exercise Essay

1049 words - 4 pages

The Effect of Exercise on Breathing, Blood Pressure and Heart Rate
Introduction
The human respiratory system function is to transport oxygen from the lungs to the tissues of the body. The human circulatory system function is to transport blood from the heart to the various tissues of the body. The components of the human circulatory system include the heart, blood, and blood vessel (M.J. Farabee 2007). Blood pressure is typically written as Systolic/Diastolic. A normal blood pressure range for an adult in Systolic is less than 120 and in diastolic is less than 80. If blood pressure is too high (hypertension) or too low (hypotension) it can cause medical issues for the individual (American Heart Association 2013). The relationship between the human respiratory system and the human circulatory system is the blood that carries the oxygen from the lungs through the blood vessel to deliver it to the various tissues of the body. The propose of this experiment is to know how can the respiratory system and the circulatory system be influence by Physical activities and to know the relationship between the two systems in different conditions.
Objective / Hypothesis
Ho: Exercise will not affect the tidal volume
HA: Exercise will affect the tidal volume
Ho: Exercise will not affect the number of breaths per minute.
HA: Exercise will affect the number of breaths per minute.
Ho: Physical activity will not affect systolic pressure.
HA: Physical activity will affect systolic pressure.
Ho: Physical activity will not affect heart rate.
HA: Physical activity will affect heart rate.
Methods
Twelve individuals divided into two groups of six males and six females were used for this experiment. Tidal Volume, BPM, heart rate and systolic pressure were measured before and after jumping Jack. The exercise was to jump jack for a minute. Before jumping, we measure tidal volume and the number of breaths per minute with spirometer. A jumper had to take five breaths through a spirometer in thirty seconds, and we collected the data. After jumping, we measure tidal volume and the number of breaths per minute again, and we collected the data. Before jumping. We used digital blood pressure arm monitor to measure heart rate and systolic pressure. A pressure cuff was attached around the jumper’s arm above the elbow, then start button was pressed, and we collected the data. After jumping, we measured the jumper’s heart rate and blood pressure after jumping. Finally, we collected the data.
Result and Discussion
Tidal volume sharply increases after physical activity (Figure1). When the need for oxygen in the body increases, the tidal volume increases. (Probyn, Megan E., et al 2005) Error bar from figure 1 do not over lab; therefore, there is a significant different in the tidal volume percent before and after exercising. Therefore, we rejected the null hypothesis, and we supported the alternative hypothesis.

Figure1: Tidal Volume before and after Jumping Jack. Bars...

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