The Effects Of Global Climate Change

1637 words - 7 pages

There is damage being done to the environment everywhere right this very moment. What is causing the damage? Global climate change contributes a great amount of devastation to the world every day. This is important because the change is affecting humans, animals, plants and just about anything else that is living. As a result of global climate change, regions, ecosystems, and agriculture will be greatly affected.
There are many things causing global climate change such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. One may notice that these are both human-related activities. Humans contribute to a vast amount of damage through daily activities. Burning fossil fuels means using energy that is made up of decayed animals and plant matter. These fuels are also known as mineral fuels. “When we extract and burn fossil fuels such as coal or petroleum, we cause the release of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other heat-trapping ‘greenhouse gasses’ into the atmosphere” (Upham). This means that humans are causing harmful gasses to enter the atmosphere by using fuels like oil and coal. Dan Upham of the Environmental Defense Fund also states that natural levels of carbon dioxide are thirty percent higher than the reported levels in eight-hundred thousand years. This shows the increase in carbon dioxide levels in the air over the course of time. Also reported by Upham, the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere comes mainly from coal and oil. This is discovered by looking at the chemical composition of the CO2 which contains a particular fingerprint. The burning of fossil fuels contributes to global climate change as well as deforestation.
Deforestation also adds to global climate change. Clearing forests discharges considerable amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere that plants and trees require to survive. Upham of the Environmental Defense Fund says “World deforestation means we don’t have as many trees to absorb the extra CO2.” Without the plants, there is more heat being trapped in the air. Through destroying trees and removing plant life, humans are contributing to global climate change.
Primarily, global climate change may flush out large regions. One thing is that in the future, there may be huge losses of land and food because of the havoc that climate change is causing. “The potential future effects of global climate change include more frequent wildfires, longer periods of drought in some regions and an increase in the number, duration and intensity of tropical storms” (Earth Science and Communications Lab). There may be massive shifts in life on Earth due to the change in climate. According to ESCL, changes to North America include decreased snow, increase in yields, and increased heat waves. Yield means to produce an agricultural product. Without producing yields, humans would have fewer crops. In South America, savannah may replace tropical forest, species extinction, and extensive changes in water availability (The authorities of Earth...

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