Rana Mohab Sayed
October 23, 2017
The Egyptian and Mesopotamian Civilization
Throughout the history of the earth, man has evolved from nomadic hunters and gatherers into the civilized people we are today. Studying this progression, we come upon many fascinating places, things, and peoples. The first of these civilizations would be the Mesopotamians and the Egyptians. The civilizations had many similarities but they also had their differences. Mesopotamia and Egypt are important to the history of the world because of religious, social, political and economic development. Mesopotamia was the first civilization, which was around 3500 B.C and all the other countries evolved from it. The period of Egypt was around 3200 B.C.
In the Egyptian and Mesopotamian geography, they’re at variance from each other. Egypt lied on the plains of the Nile River and ventured out into the Sahara desert a diminutive amount. This enabled the Egyptians to avoid invasions of there neighboring kingdoms and empires. On the other hand, Mesopotamia, which is known as Iraq today was sandwiched between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; though being in this area has enabled the neighboring kingdoms and empires to invade and constantly endeavored to gain control of the land. Though Egypt was much smaller in size to Mesopotamia, they both share a small number of the same geographical aspects; they both lie on rivers that are imperative to their densely inhabited land, they are also in regions that receive small amounts of rain throughout the year. This has provided some knowledge of how the people must have lived.
There are many aspects that are needed to define “civilization”. However, the most obvious foundation of all civilization is there need of water sources. Both the Mesopotamian and the Egyptian civilizations existed on the banks of major rives. Egypt resided on the Nile River and Mesopotamia resided on the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers. Although they share this characteristic, the difference lies in how each civilization viewed these rivers. In both places, they believed that the forces of nature reflected the decisions and actions of their deities. Egypt had deserts to the east and west of the Nile River. They had mountains to the south. The Nile River is over 4000 miles (6437.4 kilometers) long. The Nile was a major source for trade, food, transportation, etc. They had the red and black land, which consisted of the red land being the desert and the black land being the fertile soil on the banks of the Nile. Mesopotamia had hills, plains, and fertile in the north and marshy areas and wide flat barren plains, very little rain in the south. They both had hot weather.
Mesopotamia and Egypt were both in flood basins of major rivers. Mesopotamia was characterized by turmoil and tension and in contrast Egypt was characterized by stability and serenity. The Mesopotamian climate was harsh and since the Tigris and the Euphrates flooded...