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History Of The Eiffel Tower Essay

1256 words - 6 pages

The Eiffel Tower, also known as La Tour Eiffel in French, is a world famous structure located in Paris, France. The construction of the Eiffel Tower began in July 1887 and was completed in March 1889. The Eiffel Tower was chosen in a contest, out of hundreds of artist proposals, to being a center piece at the Exposition Universelle, World’s Fair, hosted by Paris in 1889. The purpose of the contest was to select a building which would commemorate the one-hundredth anniversary of the French Revolution in 1789, demonstrate France’s industrial expertise to the world, and serve as the center piece of the World’s Fair. The Eiffel Tower is currently located on Champ-de-Mars, the center of Paris. Originally, the tower was built as temporary monument and was planned to be demolished after twenty years of its construction. Before its completion, the tower received several oppositions to ending its construction. A group of about three hundred artists, sculptors, writers and architects sent a petition to the commissioner of the Paris Exposition, pleading to end the construction of the Eiffel Tower. The Eiffel Tower was accused of taking away the beauty and light of the capital. However, the petition was ignored and the construction continued. The decision to demolish the tower was also eliminated due to the monument’s abilities and functions, which were discovered after its completion. The Eiffel Tower contains a meteorology laboratory for scientists’ to use for studying and inventing purposes on gravity and electricity. The tower also serves a significant role due to its antenna, which was added in 1930. The French military used the Eiffel Tower’s antenna as a wireless telegraph transmitter to communicate with ships in the Atlantic Ocean and intercept enemy messages during World War I. Today, the tower contains more than one hundred and twenty antennas and broadcasts radio and television signals throughout Paris and beyond. The Eiffel Tower was also known as the tallest structure in the world until the construction of New York City’s Chrysler Building in 1930. However, the tower regained its reputation after adding the antenna, but was defeated once again by the construction of the Empire State Building in 1931. Currently, the Eiffel Tower significantly serves as the sixth tallest structure in the world. However, the tower did maintain its title of being the tallest structure in the world for about forty-one years. The tower was originally about three hundred meters high (nine hundred and eighty-four feet) and became about three hundred and twenty-four meters high (one thousand and sixty-four feet) after the addition of the antenna. The Eiffel Tower astonishingly weighs about ten thousand tons. The tower is made up of about eighteen thousand metal pieces, which are assembled using about two million and five hundred thousand rivets. The tower also contains about seven thousand three hundred tons of iron. The pieces were used to form the four pillars at the...

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