This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Election Of 1864 Essay

1712 words - 7 pages

The presidential election of 1864 was one of the most significant in American history. It took place in Union states during a bloody civil war, with no precedent for voting in a divided nation, and with seemingly ample justification for postponement. The vigorous yet methodical procedure of the 1864 election, with comparatively little corruption and minor viciousness, became an excellent illustration and vindication of the democratic process itself. Furthermore, it was an election in which voters cast ballots to decide on fundamental problems regarding the course of the war, the government, and American society. This campaign asked some of the most vital questions to be considered since the creation of the nation. Should the institution of slavery be expanded, continued, or abolished? Should a war that was to forever change American life be continued or was it time to make a compromise with the south and end it? And who should take the place of the unpopular President Lincoln who seemed doomed to defeat?
During his presidency, Lincoln was unpopular. Two main oppositional factions in 1864 were confederate sympathizers in the Border States and lower Midwest Peace Democrats, who believed that the Civil War was causing a decline the Northern economy, states’ rights, and civil liberties. Predominantly disagreeable to Northern Democrats were the two Lincoln policies of Emancipation and The Military Draft. Lincoln had issued a pilot proclamation, stating that he would free all slaves in Confederate land if the Confederacy didn’t surrender by January 1, 1863; they didn’t, so Emancipation Proclamation went into effect consequently freeing thousands of slaves as Union army trooped thru the South. Reacting to the congressional ratification of a military draft authorized by Lincoln, anti-draft riots erupted across the North, predominately in New York City, during the summer of 1863. Finally, with the Peace Democrats, lead by Clement Vallandigham, communicating Confederate sympathies triggered outrage in Northern Democrats, challenged the War Democrats support of the Lincoln administration, and was responsible for encouraging the addition of the peace plank to their party platform.
Lincoln faced several difficulties over the course of his campaign, even from his own party, during the primaries. His contemporaries criticized his policies and leadership, particularly his Emancipation Proclamation and his management of the Union military effort. Republicans had lost seats in the 1862 midterm legislative and congressional elections, not unforeseen for the party in power, but in the setting of an extended war of which the outcome was uncertain, several Republican leaders decided their party required a fresh face to triumph in the 1864 elections. To expand appeal, Republicans began changed their name to the “National Union party” welcoming War Democrats to join the new alliance. Some Republicans, displeased with Lincoln, thought Union military commander General...

Find Another Essay On The Election of 1864

The Election of 2000 Essay

1173 words - 5 pages The election of 2000 was the closest and most controversial election in all U.S. history. This event was the fierce competition between George W. Bush and Al Gore to become the first president elected in the 21st century full of irregularities and unfairness that turned into an intense political and legal battle to decide the presidency. This event was not only an election, but a test of american democracy that challenged many people’s

The Election of 1896 Essay

1007 words - 5 pages Though not valued as the most important or influential election of American history, the presidential election of 1896 served to demonstrate multiple divisions inherent of American society at the time as well as to precipitate political change. In fact, the division between those who supported gold backed currency and those who sought to utilize silver was perhaps the most important issue of the election. Furthermore, the distribution of votes

The Election of 2000

2068 words - 9 pages The election of 2000 was the closest and most controversial election in all U.S. history. This event was the fierce competition full of irregularities and unfairness between George W. Bush and Al Gore to become the first president elected in the 21st century that turned into an intense political and legal battle to decide the presidency. It was such an interesting and unique election because unlike how elections are supposed to work, the

The Election of 1876

774 words - 3 pages The election of 1876 was one of the most controversial presidential elections in the history of the United States of America, second only to that of 2001. The result, and subsequent effects, of the election are the main reason why the year 1876 was the last time for nearly a century that states of the south voted Republican. The issue at hand: to continue Reconstruction, or not to continue Reconstruction, that was the question.Southern Military

The Election of 2000

1528 words - 6 pages The Election of 2000 Abortion, gun control, and social security reform are issues that everyone has an opinion on. Including politicians. Despite the pressures to be en vogue and stay in the public favor, these issues require Ralph Nader, Al Gore and George Bush to take a stand. Abortion takes into account moral, as well as social concerns. And, the question of governments power in influencing or dictating policies that

The Unhinged Election of 2000

1202 words - 5 pages Every four years, The United States holds an election in order to find the new president whom is to run the country. The elections are important to Americans because it can change the future for many generations. In 2000, the two candidates were: George W. Bush for the Republican Party and Al Gore, former vice president, for the Democratic Party. This Presidential Election was one of the most suspenseful and unclear presidential elections for

The Presidential Election of 2000

1126 words - 5 pages The Presidential Election of 2000 It is hard to believe that it will be a year since the Bush vs. Gore campaign was in it’s final stages, or so we thought. The Bush vs. Gore campaign was at its climax in late October of 2000. The people of the nation were casting their votes and the two leading Candidates were neck and neck. The tension was sky high on Election Day, November 7th, 2000. Behold, we were to have a new president

The Presidential Election of 1960

2429 words - 10 pages The Presidential Election of 1960 The presidential election that took place in 1960 was an interesting one. Newcomer, John F. Kennedy verses the Vice President, Richard M. Nixon. It was experimental with its trail of televised debates. It also marked the second in which a catholic had run for president and more importantly the first in which a catholic attained victory. John F. Kennedy, of Irish decent, was born in Brookline

The Presidential Election of 1992

1547 words - 6 pages The Presidential Election of 1992 In 1992 the incumbent president George Bush was seeking reelection. It was the general consensus that he would be the 'hands down, no contest winner'. When the smoke had cleared and the votes were tallied, many were shocked at the results. Arkansas Governor Bill Clinton had defeated the incumbent by a landslide! How could this be? How did the commander and chief of what could be considered the greatest

The Presidental Election of 1860

1831 words - 7 pages candidate was preferred, the cartoons displayed his best qualities and stand out the most. One big election that caught my attention was The Election of 1860. First of all it caught my attention because among the candidates was Abraham Lincoln and as we know because of history, he won; second of all since I don’t know too much of the American History, he was the only one I knew among the others. Abraham Lincoln was elected as a candidate for the

Election Of 1860: How Could Lincoln Have Lost The Election

1233 words - 5 pages Election of 1860: How Could Lincoln Have Lost the Election The election of 1860 brought a dramatic change to politics. The country had already been divided by the Northern states and Southern states. There were disagreements over whether the territories should be expanded and about each state entering the Union. In addition, slavery was also a major issue. Not only was Lincoln not even on the ballot in nine Southern states, he only won 2 of

Similar Essays

Recounting The Election Of 1864 Essay

814 words - 4 pages Before 1864, no country had ever held elections during military emergencies. This all changed when Lincoln decided to run for his reelection in 1864. The only issue was the fact that the Union was in the 4th year of war with the Confederacy, but Lincoln said "We cannot have free government without elections; and if the rebellion could force us to forego, or postpone a national election, it might fairly claim to have already conquered and ruined

Lincoln And The 1864 Presidential Election

979 words - 4 pages The 1864 presidential election was one of the important elections in the American History. In the middle of a devastating civil war, the United States had held its presidential election almost without discussing any alternative (American President: A Reference Resource). None of the other Democratic nations had ever conducted a national election during the time of war. While there was still talk going in postponing the election. That was when

Collapse Of The Confederacy From 1864 65

1255 words - 5 pages HIST 4055 (Final Essay/Question 2) 25 June 2010 Collapse of the Confederacy from 1864-65 The collapse of the Confederacy in 1865 was due to a variety of reasons. These issues by and large involved the military along with a dire political and economic situation. The transfer of General Ulysses S. Grant, from the West, with his “aggressive” new war strategy, in addition to, Union General William T. Sherman’s "March to the Sea," and eventual

The Process Of Election Essay

1232 words - 5 pages Model. The British Model portrays the parliament system (Moten & Islam, 2011). The people have the right to choose their leader by the process named election. There are six steps in the process of conducting a general election or a by-election. They are, the issuance of writ, nomination, election campaign, polling, counting of votes and lastly, the announcement of the results (refer to Appendix 1). The first step in conducting general election