23 October 2013
Electoral College Outline
The Electoral College is a system that elects the president, it is possible for a presidential candidate to win the popular votes of the citizens and still lose the election because of the electoral college, a prime example of this rare happening is the election of 2000 where George Bush lost the popular vote to Al Gore but still won the votes of the electoral college 271 to 266. The Electoral College can best be explained in an article from the Huffington post which states “Every four years, voters go to the polls and select a candidate for President and Vice-President … the candidate who wins the majority of votes in a state wins that state's electoral votes.” (Soni) This is true for all but two states, Nebraska and Maine, where votes can go to both parties using a proportional representation form. The Electoral College was included in the constitution because although there were concerns about the inability of the people to accurately choose a national candidate, it was mainly put into practice to protect the highest office from control of the masses. The Electoral College is a crucial check on what would be just the unchecked will of the people. The way the Electoral College is designed is to show the views of the people while also allowing states as a whole to be recognized during the times of elections. This is not the only “check” we have placed on the people. While the winner takes all portion of the Electoral College seems to work on the outside, once the façade is gone all that is seen is a corrupt portion of the system that silences the people and holds states above them, the purpose of this system is to allow both to be heard, thus, the most effective portion of the Electoral College is the proportional method so that all citizens are accurately represented when it comes to choosing the president so that this democracy is truly by the people and for the people.
Electoral votes are allocated by first, the population, to determine how many representatives they have in the house, take that number and add the number of senators to get the number of electoral votes. Texas for example has 36 in the House of Representatives and 2 senators so we have a total of 38 electoral votes. Expand
The process used to become an elector in Texas is fairly simple yet possibly time consuming, meaning people who don’t have a strong interest in the election will more than likely not be an elector. Electors are selected in June before the presidential election, after electors are selected in each party’s state convention, the winner of the popular vote will determine which group of electors votes in the election. The process for choosing electors is typically consistant, “Usually, political parties nominate electors at their state conventions. Sometimes that process occurs by a vote of the party's central committee. The electors are usually state-elected officials,...