This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Electoral College System Essay

1413 words - 6 pages

Most democracies in the world today have multiparty system. There are 3 or more political parties that gain the power and control the government. However, throughout the history United States have had a two-party system. Currently, these two parties are Democrats and Republicans. This two party system is a result of nation’s choosing its officials through popular vote. In America, Electoral College elects the President and the Vice President every four years. People do not vote directly for the President or the Vice President of United States. Electors are chosen by the popular vote on a state-by-state basis. Each state gets one elector per member of congress. For example, Maryland has two ...view middle of the document...

In almost every other democratic country there is direct election system which is much simpler as compared to Electoral College system. It is simpler to count the votes throughout the country, and whoever gets most of the votes wins the presidency. Also, all the other elections in the United States are done on direct bases, so why the president shouldn't be elected the same way? Another significant drawback of Electoral College system is that it makes a possibility for the loser of the popular vote to win the electoral vote. According to the Electoral College history this has happened four times. For example, in 2000 presidential elections we had George W. Bush from Republican Party and Al Gore from Democratic Party. Al Gore was clearly the winner of popular vote. However, due to the electoral votes, Al Gore lost and Bush with less popular votes won. This fact displays how undemocratic the Electoral College system is.
Another important drawback of Electoral College system is that it has a negative impact on people’s mind about voting. Most of the citizens vote because they believe that their vote makes a difference. Electoral system discourages people from voting because they know that their vote would not go directly for the President. The hypothetical idea that vote makes a difference would diminish, and may be in future people stop voting. We citizens feel important and proud of ourselves when we vote. When people vote for the president and that presidential candidate wins the popular vote, but loses the electoral vote, and does not become the president; whatsoever, the constitution says, this factor makes the public angry.
Electoral College system also causes over representation of small states. According to 2010 census figures a Wyoming resident has more than triple weight in electoral voting system as compared to the resident of California. Under the Electoral College system votes are counted at state level. For example, you’re a Democratic and your state goes Republican then your Democratic candidate might get no electoral votes. Vote wouldn't be counted at the national level. Furthermore, winner-take-all system makes it very hard for any third party to win election, and almost impossible to win presidency. However, small states or a small party could change the outcome of the whole election. As discussed in the class, in 2000 elections Green Party nominee finished third in the popular vote; this factor shifted the state of Florida from a Democratic Al Gore nominee to Republican George W. Bush. The main cause for this manipulation was because Green Party nominee Nader acquired the votes that could be Al Gore’s. Due to winner-take-all system Greens will continue to affect the election outcomes.
On the contrary, there are also some advantages of Electoral College system. This system forces candidates to pay attention to almost all states. As discussed in the previous section, small states could deeply impact the result of elections, so...

Find Another Essay On The Electoral College System

Abolishing the Electoral College Essay

748 words - 3 pages The Electoral College today is a very complex system of voting and campaigning. When it was first created, the Framers thought the average citizen of their day was not intelligent enough to know who should be leading their country. So they created the Electoral College which was run by people who knew what they were doing. The Electoral College is a body of people who represent each state and they determine the president. The real question is

The Electoral College Essay

2395 words - 10 pages details of the Electoral College system, a system which denies the power to elect the president to the American people. (The Constitution) To ensure a more complete democracy and a true democratic election of the president, the Electoral College should be abolished in order to allow popular vote to be the method by which the president is elected. Although not common knowledge among the American electorate, presidential elections in the United

The Electoral College

946 words - 4 pages The Electoral CollegeThe Electoral College process is part of the original design of the U.S. constitution. The Electoral College was devised by theFounding Fathers to elect the president and vice president. In this essay I will asses whether the system is democratic. I shall dothis by discussing its strengths, weaknesses and attempts to reform it.The Electoral College system has been criticised many times since its establishment. It is seen to

The Electoral College

1191 words - 5 pages Mackenzie Marquess Professor Beange Govt 2305 23 October 2013 Electoral College Outline The Electoral College is a system that elects the president, it is possible for a presidential candidate to win the popular votes of the citizens and still lose the election because of the electoral college, a prime example of this rare happening is the election of 2000 where George Bush lost the popular vote to Al Gore but still won the votes of the

The Electoral College - 1192 words

1192 words - 5 pages Electoral College system was devised to help cope with these problems. The Constitution was written and ratified in 1787 more than two hundred years ago. At the time of drafting the drafters of the Constitution never imagined there would be a two political parties that dominate our system of government or a national media that can readily bring each candidate before every citizen of this vast country. These were the problems of the time that faced

The Electoral College - 1010 words

1010 words - 4 pages select the president (Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia n.d.). The compromise was to set up an Electoral College system that allowed voters to vote for electors, who would then cast their votes for candidates, a system destined to change our beloved America forever.The Electoral College came to be at the Constitutional Convention in 1787. Our founding fathers wanted to create a system that consisted of checks and balances for two main reasons. Firstly

Elimintating the Electoral College

1661 words - 7 pages Elimintating the Electoral College Judging by the way things are looking with this year’s election, the Electoral College is not benefiting American citizens. People fight both sides of the system, but the truth of the matter is that although the Electoral College has been in place for over 200 years, Americans are still not sure how it works or if it is the best method. Our country is supposed to be a symbol of democracy, but to this

The Electoral College - 834 words

834 words - 3 pages state. With the Electoral College, the party that receives the most votes within the state takes all the electoral votes. This is a winner takes all system. One party could receive one more popular vote than another party and they still receive all the electoral votes. There are a total of 538 electoral votes. A representative only needs 270 votes to win the presidency (Hancock. "Distribution of Electoral Votes"). Is this winner take all process

The Electoral College - 733 words

733 words - 3 pages president because the problems presented by the opposition are greatly exaggerated, and the electoral college diminishes such problems of opposing systems. Today the electoral college has become an unpopular system due to reasons greatly exaggerated by its critics. One such problem is that the "winner can lose," meaning that the winner of the popular election can still gain enough electoral votes to win the presidency. However, this has only

The Electoral College - 2474 words

2474 words - 10 pages the mystery is stirring in the minds of the people in the United States of America. With the 2000 Elections underway sides are beginning to be taken among the people. Many oppose the Electoral College because of the fact that unknowing electors choose their leader and many support it because it was created by the founding fathers. Both sides are arguable and not one side is right. The question is: Can a system be created to satisfy both sides of

The Electoral College - 2080 words

2080 words - 8 pages directly by the people. But another branch of government, the executive branch, needed a sole president and the framers had to decide how to choose this president. They chose from three main systems: elect the president by congress, the people, or electors. Many debates were made over this topic in the constitutional convention and eventually the Electoral College system was chosen. The electoral college system has been in place for over 200 years and

Similar Essays

The Flawed Electoral College System Essay

1041 words - 4 pages There are quite a few criticisms that surround the Electoral College system. In the next few paragraphs we are going to explore some of these criticisms and some of the advantages and disadvantages of various reform proposals. One major criticism that we faced and still face today is why not vote by popular vote instead of rely on the Electoral votes. Well one of the reasons being is that states like Wyoming or Idaho benefit from it and

Electoral College System Essay

1054 words - 4 pages Analyze criticism of the "Electoral College" system and the alleged advantages and disadvantages of various reform proposals. The Electoral College is a system in which the individual voter does not actually vote directly for the president. When a person votes they are voting for an elector that has pledged their vote or allegiance to the running party. The Framers realized that without widespread communications available at the time and with

The Electoral College Versus A Direct Election System

1513 words - 6 pages The Electoral College Versus a Direct Election System “The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President…they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President” (Findlaw.com). The Twelfth Amendment set forth the rules and regulations for which the Office of President shall be determined. The founding fathers

The Electoral College: An Outdated And Flawed System

1376 words - 6 pages to be functional in current times, the main essence of the building is maintained – everything that does not absolutely need to be changed remains unchanged. Although amendments to the Constitution are difficult to accomplish, an issue has been festering under the surface of attention for centuries has bubbled to the surface within the last two decades. This issue is the apparent flaws of the Electoral College System. The government is capable