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The Electoral College System Essay

1413 words - 6 pages

Most democracies in the world today have multiparty system. There are 3 or more political parties that gain the power and control the government. However, throughout the history United States have had a two-party system. Currently, these two parties are Democrats and Republicans. This two party system is a result of nation’s choosing its officials through popular vote. In America, Electoral College elects the President and the Vice President every four years. People do not vote directly for the President or the Vice President of United States. Electors are chosen by the popular vote on a state-by-state basis. Each state gets one elector per member of congress. For example, Maryland has two ...view middle of the document...

In almost every other democratic country there is direct election system which is much simpler as compared to Electoral College system. It is simpler to count the votes throughout the country, and whoever gets most of the votes wins the presidency. Also, all the other elections in the United States are done on direct bases, so why the president shouldn't be elected the same way? Another significant drawback of Electoral College system is that it makes a possibility for the loser of the popular vote to win the electoral vote. According to the Electoral College history this has happened four times. For example, in 2000 presidential elections we had George W. Bush from Republican Party and Al Gore from Democratic Party. Al Gore was clearly the winner of popular vote. However, due to the electoral votes, Al Gore lost and Bush with less popular votes won. This fact displays how undemocratic the Electoral College system is.
Another important drawback of Electoral College system is that it has a negative impact on people’s mind about voting. Most of the citizens vote because they believe that their vote makes a difference. Electoral system discourages people from voting because they know that their vote would not go directly for the President. The hypothetical idea that vote makes a difference would diminish, and may be in future people stop voting. We citizens feel important and proud of ourselves when we vote. When people vote for the president and that presidential candidate wins the popular vote, but loses the electoral vote, and does not become the president; whatsoever, the constitution says, this factor makes the public angry.
Electoral College system also causes over representation of small states. According to 2010 census figures a Wyoming resident has more than triple weight in electoral voting system as compared to the resident of California. Under the Electoral College system votes are counted at state level. For example, you’re a Democratic and your state goes Republican then your Democratic candidate might get no electoral votes. Vote wouldn't be counted at the national level. Furthermore, winner-take-all system makes it very hard for any third party to win election, and almost impossible to win presidency. However, small states or a small party could change the outcome of the whole election. As discussed in the class, in 2000 elections Green Party nominee finished third in the popular vote; this factor shifted the state of Florida from a Democratic Al Gore nominee to Republican George W. Bush. The main cause for this manipulation was because Green Party nominee Nader acquired the votes that could be Al Gore’s. Due to winner-take-all system Greens will continue to affect the election outcomes.
On the contrary, there are also some advantages of Electoral College system. This system forces candidates to pay attention to almost all states. As discussed in the previous section, small states could deeply impact the result of elections, so...

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