The Elimination Of Natural Theology Essay

3286 words - 13 pages

The Elimination of Natural Theology

ABSTRACT: The dispute between fideists and rationalists seems intractable since those who argue for faith alone claim that they are offended by the use of reason in religion. The advocates of reason claim that they are equally offended by the appeal to faith. This dispute may be resolved by showing that those who rely on faith may be seen as engaging in an experiment of living, so they can become part of a rational experiment without having to alter their practice; in contrast, those who use reason to justify religion can be seen as addressing a spiritual need. From an evangelical point of view, it would be wrong to disparage the mathematician’s use of the mathematical proof of God’s existence (such as Gödel’s). Wittgensteinian objections to natural theology can be met by showing that the use of reason in religion is distinct from the general kind of philosophical speculation to which Wittgenstein rightly objected. Those who claim that one must already have faith in order to seek understanding successfully can be answered by showing that their claim can be tested empirically only when there is a robust practice of natural theology among those who do and do not have a prior faith. There is reason for thinking religion should be subjected to a more rigorous scrutiny than used in secular matters.

For the purposes of this paper, opinions on the right relationship between faith and reason may be organized as:

1. pure fideism = enter into no discussion regarding the rationality of religion.
2. ratiocinative fideism = avoid the practice of natural theology, but provide a rational defense of such avoidance.
3. conditional rationalism=accept a rational scrutiny of religion but only under certain conditions

- Anselmian conditions=reason works properly only for those who have faith.
- Jamesian conditions=we have, with good reason, a right to believe more than is justified by the received canons of rationality
- Butlerian conditions = (i) for all practical purposes, it is sufficient to reply to objections to religion; it is not necessary to provide positive arguments. (ii) for all practical purposes, it is sufficient to provide probabilistic arguments, it is not necessary to provide demonstrative arguments.
- integrative rationalism = consider religion an integral part of the whole enterprise of rational inquiry and accept the following:

(A) All claims with religious content and all religiously motivated actions and practices are subject to the same kind of rational scrutiny and evaluation as any other claim or form of behavior i.e., the religious and the secular are at parity as far as the jurisdiction of reason is concerned. By contrast, pure fideists reject (A) without comment; ratiocinative fideists reject (A) but attempt to explain their rejection, and conditional rationalists refuse to accept (A) until the kind of rational scrutiny to which religion is to be subjected is...

Find Another Essay On The Elimination of Natural Theology

The Theology Behind The Suffering of Job

1408 words - 6 pages The book of Job provides a vivid illustration of the theology of suffering. In the beginning of the book, Job’s blessings are apparent. He possesses a large family, good health, many servants, flocks of multiple species of livestock, and is considered the greatest of all men in the East (Job 1.13). Job is not only cover story material for “Progressive Farmer” and “Fortune” magazines, he is more importantly a godly man, “blameless, upright

Challenges of the Holocaust to Theology

939 words - 4 pages In my theology, an overwhelming theme that permeates as a lens that all of the rest is seen by is the concept that the image of God that any individual possesses drastically influences every other aspect of an individual’s life, including everything from social interactions, to career vocations, to daily decisions. That being said, while undertaking the process of education as I am in such an institution, every new idea that is learned has

the end of natural

947 words - 4 pages , reuse, and reduce are the most important solutions to solve. Furthermore, donate clothes and old equipment such as TV, table, and chair for charity is an advantageous way to prevent the increasing of trash waste. Changing our habit is the key, rethink before shopping, using. It is clearly that recycling decreases environmental pollution. All in all, it is worth trying to preserve natural habitats because the environment is the most serious thing we

The Turkish Pogrom of 1955 and the Elimination of the Greek Minority of Istanbul

2555 words - 10 pages path of escalation, thereby they begun to ‘narrow the noose’ around the Greek minority (Guven 2006). The anti-Hellenic campaign of the Turkish Press and nationalist organization ‘Cyprus is Turkish’ continued the inflamed political climate. To cite an example the article of Turkish journal Türk Sesi, proposed revision of the Treaty of Lausanne in order to achieve the elimination of the Greek community, which under the population exchange convention

The Turkish Pogrom of 1955 and the Elimination of the Greek Minority of Istanbul

2738 words - 11 pages Turkish Intelligence Service carried out the most destructive pogrom in Europe since the well-known Krystallnacht on the eve of the Second World War. In addition, they do not know that this pogrom damaged, and in many cases destroyed several houses, businesses, churches and institutions and that this had as a result, the elimination of the Greek minority, the oldest historical community of Turkey (Vryonis 2005). On the afternoon of September 6th

The Theology, Christology and Pneumatology of the Book of Revelation

1404 words - 6 pages aspects holds a traditional name, specifically theology, christology, and pneumatology. In this circumstance, however, theology, which in general usage may encapsulate christology and pneumatology, is more precise, referring specifically to the way in which John understands God, or what trinitarian Christianity would name God the Father. If we then take the base definition of theology as ‘talk about God’ , and extend this to the other two

The Theology, Christology and Pneumatology of The Book of Revelation

1931 words - 8 pages The Theology, Christology, and Pneumatology of the Book of Revelation are highly reflective of the social, political and religious context in which the book was written. Within the text, we find expressed the views of an author, and Christian community in general, challenged by the power and ideology of Rome, as well as having to re-imagine and re-comprehend their God, and divinity in general, in light of the revelation of Jesus Christ and the

The Lion, the Witch, and the Theology of C.S. Lewis

2941 words - 12 pages What child could know while watching The Chronicles of Narnia in theaters they were also getting a bible lesson? These tales unearth the theology of writer C.S. Lewis through the heart-felt emotions of joy and sorrow, terror and triumph in this fantasy world better known as Narnia. This is the work of renowned writer C.S. Lewis. C.S. Lewis is remembered and recognized by more people as a Christian apologist of the early and middle 20th-century

Recent Progress in the Campaign for the Global Elimination of Blinding Trachoma

1526 words - 6 pages Recent Progress in the Campaign for the Global Elimination of Blinding Trachoma Trachoma is a disease which causes blinding and accounts for 15% of global blinding and is mainly seen in developing countries which are made up of poor families and communities. The disease is avoidable but it is a neglected public health issue with around 5 million people suffering worldwide. Trachoma is a chronic

Television and Media Essay - Four Arguments for the Elimination of TV

2890 words - 12 pages Four Arguments for the Elimination of Television   Television technology has been a controversial issue since its debut in the early 1940s. In order to fully understand any controversial issue, one must be presented with both the pro and the con sides of the issue. One must understand and be able to argue both sides of the issue in order to become a successful and well-educated person. Being a member of the pro-technological

Blessed John Paul II's Theology of the Body

1153 words - 5 pages pleasure to be able to be familiar with the deeds of one of the most influential Catholics in modern time. Works Cited Hogan, Richard M. "An Introduction to John Paul II's Theology of the Body."Natural Family Planning Outreach. N.p., 25 Feb. 2003. Web. 07 Apr. 2014. Hogan, Richard M. "John Paul II’s New Vision of Human Sexuality, Marriage and Family Life." NFP Outreach - Library. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Apr. 2014. Paul, John, II. "General Audience

Similar Essays

Deforestation And The Elimination Of Natural Habitats

1737 words - 7 pages their solutions on appeasing the views of anti-forestation activists, thus ignoring what occurs in third world countries. Anti-deforestation activists wrongly focus their views on stopping the cutting down of trees, meanwhile not realizing that this does nothing in the way of stopping the desire and need to cut down trees for impoverished civilizations. In order to truly stop the elimination of natural habitats, controlled deforestation is a must

The Elimination Of Dumping Depot Essay

889 words - 4 pages Elimination of the dumping depot in Village 3 is one of the critical issues should be discussed and figured out the solution shortly in order to improve the waste management over city. Due to the waste management implementation, government has announced to public to be aware about the way to keep clean in each village, but people in village 3 who lack of waste management information from the right source and just follow the neighbor’s path

The Theology Of Thoreau Essay

609 words - 2 pages The Theology of ThoreauHenry David Thoreau's proposal of self-discovery is the simplest yet most realistic of any scholar in history. While living at Walden Pond and composition his American classic, he revealed the roots of livelihood to all men. Thoreau scripted the proper way towards living life. He implies that a man must discover and understand himself before he can truly live. The swiftest way towards this realization is to get in touch

The Elimination Of The Middle Class

1262 words - 5 pages , because the U.S. protects its citizens with labor laws and livable wages millions of manufacturing jobs are lost to inexpensive, overseas counterparts. While there are many benefits to fusing the world, globalization comes at a cost, the elimination of America’s middle class. Trade supports more than 50 million American workers who are employed by companies that export their goods, accounting for almost 40% of the private sector. In 2009 the