The Use Of Vitamin B12 In Stroke Prevention And Post Stroke Recovery

2177 words - 9 pages

While aging is a natural progression of life, healthy aging is of the upmost importance ensuring the quality of life of elderly people. Often aging can be accompanied by memory loss or confusion. In the past few decades, the study of age related cognitive decline has come to the forefront of the scientific community. Much research has been done to help identify etiology, prevention and treatment. As the mean age of Canadians increases, there is a push to help combat cognitive decline in order to ease the burden on not only the medical community but families as well. Cognitive degeneration in the form of long term memory loss can have many root causes most notably Alzheimer's, dementia and strokes. This deterioration prevents people from performing their daily activities and retaining their independence.

Nutrition is essential to healthy aging, it has been shown to play a vital role in the development of dementia, memory loss, stroke and vitamin deficiencies. In recent years it has been discovered what physicians once thought was dementia or even a stroke was often in fact a vitamin deficiency. Given what we currently know regarding nutrition’s fundamental role to our overall health why are more elderly patients not screened for nutritional deficiencies as part of their yearly physical? How is it possible that a lack of just one vitamin can mimic one of the most prevalent diseases effecting the elderly population? The scientific community has long studied the role of Vitamin B12 in the human body. This water soluble vitamin is essential for DNA and RNA synthesis, myelin coating, the conversion of carbohydrates into glucose and the absorption of fats and proteins and the creation of red blood cells (Manolis et al 2013).

Vitamin B12 deficiencies is often difficult for most physicians to identify as it can present with multiple symptoms or be asymptomatic as the stores in the body are depleted (Medical Reference Guide 2013). The causes of Vitamin B deficiency include malabsorption, helicobacter pylori infection, pernicious anemia (immune destruction of gastric parietal cells), and nutritional deficiency (Table 1). The prevalence of deficiency in the elderly is often not a result of nutritional deficiency but the lack of acid in the stomach required to break the bonds that bind Vitamin B12 to food (Oh and Brown 2003). There is also a lack of intrinsic factor produced by the stomach that binds to the Vitamin B12 allowing it to be absorbed in the intestine (Oh and Brown 2003). As we age our bodies begin to produce less stomach acid and resulting vitamin and mineral inadequacies occur (Oh and Brown 2003).

Some of the most common symptoms of deficiency include fatigue, weight loss, weakness, depression, memory impairment, heart attack and stroke (Table 2). The Canada Dietary Reference Intake advises that people >70 years of age obtain 2.4 μg/day of Vitamin B12 (Antonis, S. et al. 2013). Prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency in the elderly is...

Find Another Essay On The Use of Vitamin B12 in Stroke Prevention and Post Stroke Recovery

Unconfirmed Diagnosis of Stroke Essay

2130 words - 9 pages Introduction
Stroke can cause severe disability and death. Timely diagnosis and appropriate treatment can significantly reduce the risks of impairment and mortality (Kimera et al. 2010). Mr David King, a 71 year gentlemen was admitted to emergency at 8.45am with unconfirmed diagnosis of a Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA). At 7.30am this morning, he was found in the shower by his wife Mary. She reported the right side of his body was flaccid

The Six Stroke Engine Essay

637 words - 3 pages create the same amount of kinetic energy as would be used in a normal four-stroke engine. At this point in the engine’s life it uses about the same amount of water as it does gasoline. The water also apparently does a fantastic job of cooling the engine. Mr. Crower has stated “It’ll run for an hour and you can literally put your hand on it. It’s warm, yeah, but it’s not scorching hot.” Eliminating the use of a

Soda Consumption and the Risk of Stroke in Men and Women. By: Bernstein, de Koning, Flint, Recrode & Willett,

1135 words - 5 pages . Anderson, H., Foreyt, J. Sigman-Grant, M., & Allison, D.B. (2012). The Use of Low Calorie Sweeteners by Adults: Impact on Weight Management. The Journal of Nutrition. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.149617 Bernstein, A., de Koning, L. Flint, A.J., Recrode, K.M., & Willett, W.C. (2012). Soda Consumption and the Risk of Stroke in Men and Women. American Journal Clinical Nutrition. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.111.030205 Gardener, H., Rundek, T., Market, M., Wright, C.B

Title: Stroke the Verve/Research on The Stroke and The Verve

514 words - 2 pages Rock is a genre of music with many artists who are not given the recognition they deserve. Living in certain areas, such as South Carolina, has an influence on the types of music one may listen to. Most southern radio stations are country radio stations with few devoted to rock or top 40. The Verve and The Strokes are two bands with similar histories that many in the south have not heard of. Here is a brief overview of how these two bands came

Theory and Construction of a Care Plan for Stroke Rehabilitation

3962 words - 16 pages prevent significant discomfort. The use of a catheter initially is of great help during the initial stages of rehabilitation on admission Mary was incontinent of faeces and already catheterised. Since the stroke Mary seem to have no control over her elimination and was even unaware that she had been. So she was placed on a fluid balance chart to record any abnormalities in her urinary output and a stool chart to try to establish a pattern, to lessen

Identifying A Problem: Dysphagia Screening In Stroke

931 words - 4 pages transpire by a train the trainer approach. Nurses on each shift who have an interest in stroke care will be trained in the dysphagia screen and would then train their colleagues in the agreed upon timeframe of one month. Also, the location of the tool, and rationale for conducting the screening would be emphasized. A post-test would be given to determine the knowledge as being taught. Physicians would be notified of the practice change at grand

The reason AMA supercross went from 2 stroke to 4 stroke race bikes

841 words - 4 pages AMA super cross has been around for a very long time. Since the early 1970s when the first race was in the super bowl and it was called super bowl motocross but then came the term and the start of supercross. In supercross these were tight cornering tracks with big jumps rhythm sections, and woops sections. The bikes that were first ever ran on these tracks were 2 stroke meaning they are high rpm bikes which of the time were the fastest bikes

Stroke a Leading Cause of Long-Term Disability

2134 words - 9 pages ) Still woman of all ages, race and ethnicity, have a higher risk of being misdiagnosed. (Nakagawa) With all those points considered, a focus on prevention is more effective in terms of the population at large when atrial fibrillation (AF) is properly detected, as it is overall among “the most important etiologies of ischemic stroke”. (Nakagawa) (Palm) A further complication to this however is the fact that “many stroke patients may have occult

What really makes a car go? The Four-Stroke Cycle.

814 words - 3 pages What really makes a car go? There are many parts to an engine that are visible, like an alternator, starter, hoses, wires and a bunch of other things. But what is in the inside and how does it work? The process is really just a mixture of parts, moving in sync in a distinct pattern called the four-stoke cycle.To understand the components of a four-stroke engine better, a little background information may be needed. 'In a gasoline engine, exhaust

How Have Stroke Patients Been Affected by Emergency Department Overcrowding in Hospitals?

1357 words - 6 pages Emergency departments of hospitals are fundamental in the treatment of time sensitive conditions such as acute stroke (Trzeciak & Rivers, 2003). A stroke occurs when there is an interruption of blood flow to brain tissue, and therefore is a condition that relies on apt and adequate access to healthcare (Panagos, 2006). Patients who have experienced a stroke will most often present to emergency departments in order to receive treatment (Kothari

Money and the Recovery of Renaissance Florence

3074 words - 12 pages Supply and demand for goods play a critical role throughout world economies.  They are perhaps the primary building blocks of any economy.  Several hundred years ago, supply and demand were no less important, and were particularly instrumental in the economic recovery of Florence during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  The ability of a group of notable people to provide the supply of goods in response to demand in Florence

Similar Essays

Use Of Anticougaulants In Prevention Of Ischemic Stroke And Pulmonary Embolism

2779 words - 11 pages Use of Anticoagulants in Prevention of Ischemic Stroke and Pulmonary EmbolismSondus KahilEmily Isgur/ section 5AbstractThe Journal article "Rivaroxaban as an Oral Anticoagulant for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation" by Alexander GG Turpied discusses a new method for patients suffering from atrial fibrillation as a recommended form of treatment. Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent form of cardiac arrhythmia in the developed world and

The Effects Of A Stroke Essay

2147 words - 9 pages can choose to go through rehab by themselves or with a professional--obviously the latter is the better option for a quicker recovery, but it is also the pricier option. In this process patients try to overcome the paralysis of their legs. Living states: "lifting weights on his left leg to build up the muscle tone, learn to sit down so both hips and legs have equal weight on the chair so he won't fall over, and good posture" (129). A stroke can be

Stroke Patient And The Motor Pathways Involved.

1555 words - 6 pages A patient suffers a cerebral vascular accident (stroke) which damages part of his primary motor cortex leaving his left leg paralysed. A second patient suffers an automobile accident in which his left sciatic nerve is severed, paralysing his leg.Describe and contrast the effects on the leg muscles of these two injuries, including a description of the pathways involved.Patient A is suffering from an upper motor neuron lesion due to stroke, also

Overview Of A Stroke Essay

1159 words - 5 pages People often know of strokes or someone affected by a stroke, but not always what constitutes a stroke. A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted or reduced due to a blockage or rupture of a blood vessel or artery that supplies blood to the brain. The interruption of blood flow deprives the brain of necessary nutrients and oxygen supplies, killing surrounding cells in the brain. There are three main types of strokes