This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The End Of The Cold War

1644 words - 7 pages

The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union resulted in major shift in United States foreign policy. For years, the United States supported tyrannical dictators in return for stable anti-communist government receptive to United States interests. The Cold War resulted in a new world order with the United States as the lone global hegemonic power. In Eastern Europe in particular, the end of the Cold War ushered in an era of economic growth and a large increase in the number of liberal democracies. Although the world saw a large increase in liberal democracies, a new regime type referred to as competitive authoritarianism began to emerge. According to Levitsky and Way, “In competitive authoritarian regimes, formal democratic institutions are widely viewed as the principal means of obtaining and exercising political authority. Incumbents violate those rules so often and to such an extent, however, that the regime fails to meet conventional minimum standards for democracy” . In labeling these regimes as authoritarian and not democratic, Levitsky and Way place emphasis on the importance of differentiating these questionable regimes from prototypical democracies. In their definition they argue that all democracies have four inherent traits; “Executives and legislatures are chosen through Elections that are open, free, and fair, virtually all adults possess the right to vote, political rights and civil liberties, including freedom of the press, association, to criticize the government are protected and elected authorities possess real authority to govern, in that they are not subject to the tutelary control of military or clerical leaders” . These, Levitsky and Way argue are fundamental for the prospects of democracy. Despite these deviations, the authors refuse to label all regimes without these characteristics as intrinsically authoritarian. In these systems, the regimes possess some of these characteristics but have found ways to manipulate the system to consolidate their power. “Rather than openly violating democratic rules (for example, by banning or repressing the opposition and the media), incumbents are more likely to use bribery, co-optation, and more subtle forms of persecution, such as the use of tax authorities, compliant judiciaries, and other state agencies to ‘legally’ harass, persecute, or extort cooperative behavior from critics” . While it is apparent that these regimes are not fully democratic, it would be unfair to label them as fully authoritarian either. Unlike traditional totalitarian governments, the persistence of true democratic institutions in competitive authoritarian regimes allows the opposition to contest, weaken and occasionally even defeat autocratic incumbents. While these situations are generally uncommon, these situations are possible in competitive authoritarianism due to four independent means, the electoral arena, the legislature, the judiciary and the media. These four branches are virtually...

Find Another Essay On The End of the Cold War

Describe Ronald Reagan's impact on the end of the cold war

989 words - 4 pages Ronald Reagan:Catalyst to the Dissolution of the Soviet Union"Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall." With that epic statement Ronald Reagan forcefully ordered that the Berlin wall be torn down. The destruction of the wall was symbolic of the elimination of the Soviet Union's strangle hold of Eastern Europe. Ronald Reagan's role in cementing the victory of the United States over the Soviet Union during the Cold War cannot be overstated. The

How and why did the Cold War End?

847 words - 3 pages There were many factors that brought about the conclusion of the Cold War. The declining Soviet economy, the rise of Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, the initiatives take by the U.S. and the Soviet Union were all influential determinates that helped bring the Cold War to an end.The Soviets had enjoyed great achievements on the international stage before Reagan entered office in 1981. These achievements included the unification of their socialist

What was meant by non-alignment in the post W.W.2 period? Is it still relevant after the end of Cold War?

1527 words - 7 pages 1991? Or is it considered as worthless? Arguably, it is agreed that it is still relevant despite the end of the cold war because; world war III is inevitable and non-aligned movement functions as mediator to retain peace; also the primary objectives of non-alignment movement (NAM) are to consolidate against all forms of expansionism and protect other countries from being dragged into great power alliances as well as foreign offensive; and the

'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?

2176 words - 9 pages 'The end of the Cold War gave new political and security dimensions to EU/US relations, demonstrated particularly in their approaches to European order.' Why, and how?The ending of predominant Cold War hostilities between the Western world and the Former Soviet Union at the end of the 1980's significantly affected EU and US relations. The transatlantic framework, which had been developing between these two entities over the last forty years

The steady incorporation of Eastern European states after the end of the Cold War What issues have emerged as a result of the EU expansion eastwards? How is the EU tackling these issues?

2814 words - 11 pages pressure and market forces within the Union.Issues of the newly joined Eastern CountriesWith the end of the Cold War, the former parts of the ex- Soviet Union became independent countries again. Moreover, with their incorporation to the European Union, they re-entered a large political, cultural and economic arena starting a new period in the European continent by the enlargement process. However, the expansion of European Union eastwards gave rise

Causes of the Cold War

2163 words - 9 pages In this essay I would like to highlight my understanding for the causes of the cold war. In fact, "the cold war" called in that name because of the struggle which is followed the World War II between superpowers: US & USSR. Both of sides work hard to widen their potency and narrowed the conflict, but it found overlap in it, which raise the stress and the struggle. The struggle lengthened from the end of the of second world war, middle of 1940s

Causes of the Cold War

772 words - 3 pages the Soviet Union, East Germany, Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Rumania, Bulgaria, Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania. The United States also indirectly assisted in the freeing or relieving of tension/control on the peoples of Albania, Yugoslavia, Finland, and Mongolia. Basically the two pick players in the cold war were the United States and the Soviet Union. At the end of the World War II the relations between these two countries had

Origins of the Cold War

1311 words - 5 pages A) Plan of the investigationSubject of the investigation:To investigate historical controversy over the origins of the Cold War.Methods:a.Research of bibliography about the origins of theCold Wax. Instrument: Internet. Three main siteswere particularly helpful: CNN the Cold War, ColdWar Policies, Cold War History Project. The maincriteria used for selection were: reliability of thesources and the most recent.b.Writing of an annotated

Origins of the Cold War

1202 words - 5 pages The Cold War was the ongoing state of tension between the Soviet Union and the United States that occurred from 1946 to 1991. The hostility between the two countries was evident through political affairs, military and weaponry intensification, and economic rivalry. At many points in time, the two sides were on the verge of nuclear confrontation, which would have vastly altered the world as people know it today. Fortunately, the two countries

Origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages end of the 2 Every student of the Cold War must acknowledge his debt to W. H. McNeill's remarkable account, "America, Britain and Russia: Their Cooperation and Conflict, I941-1946" (New York, 1953) and to the brilliant and indispensable series by Herbert Feis: "Churchill, Roose velt, Stalin: The War They Waged and the Peace They Sought" (Princeton, 1957); "Be tween War and Peace: The Potsdam Conference" (Princeton, i960); and "The Atomic Bomb and

origins of the cold war

9738 words - 39 pages end of the 2 Every student of the Cold War must acknowledge his debt to W. H. McNeill's remarkable account, "America, Britain and Russia: Their Cooperation and Conflict, I941-1946" (New York, 1953) and to the brilliant and indispensable series by Herbert Feis: "Churchill, Roose velt, Stalin: The War They Waged and the Peace They Sought" (Princeton, 1957); "Be tween War and Peace: The Potsdam Conference" (Princeton, i960); and "The Atomic Bomb and

Similar Essays

Ronald Reagan And The End Of The Cold War

2042 words - 8 pages Soviet leaders thought that the United States' response to the airliner incident combined with the continuing lack of progress on arms control, was proof that they should not improve relations with the United States. That December, they withdrew from the arms control negotiations in Geneva. For this reason negotiations that would end the cold war were halted.12 Reagan proposed a program called "Strategic Defense Initiative (Also

End Of The Cold War And Revolution In Romania

1671 words - 7 pages IN SEARCH OF EUROPE I - THE COLD WAR, 1945-1989 PL30294 Semester I, 2014-2015 seminar 4 Daria Iumaeva !! Why did the Cold War in Europe end largely without violence? ! Introduction In the late 1980s USSR faced with serious problems and could no longer support the "brothers" socialist countries. At the same time an example of restructuring ('perestroyka') intensified reformists in Eastern Europe. Their influence among the population grew and

The Causes Of The End Of The Cold War And The Fall Of The Soviet Union

819 words - 3 pages words. The Cold War didn’t just end and the Soviet Union didn’t just fall, there were many causes of these events. The main causes were politicians and the fall of the Berlin Wall. There were many politicians that were in the office during the Cold War, but the ones that caused the end of the Cold War and the Soviet Union were Mikhail Gorbachev and Ronald Reagan. Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Soviet Union from 1985-1991. He

Influence Of Religion On Us Diplomacy Since The End Of The Cold War

1502 words - 7 pages This research paper will closely analyze the US foreign policy as far as religion is concerned and the positions the present and previous regimes have taken in the relation to this of issue of religion on diplomacy. It will also give a richly detailed, engrossing and profoundly overview on how religion has greatly influenced America foreign relations. This article is take and support ideas raised from the two main articles, Andrew Preston