The End Of The Romanov Dynasty

1537 words - 6 pages

Why was there a revolution in February?The February Revolution of 1917 was the beginning of the Russian Revolution that lasted through to October. Although the causes were numerous, ranging from political to economic, it was the consequence of a combination of situations and events. This revolution resulted in the abdication of Tsar Nicholas II and was the first stage in the Russian Revolution, leading to the October Revolution where Lenin takes complete control of the country.The first and underlying cause of the February revolution was the condition Russia was in. Russia was facing a lot of problems and was a very weak country. They went to war with Japan in 1904. To everyone's surprise, the Russians lost to Japan. The reasons why Russia lost to Japan were foreshadowing of the causes of the Russian Revolution. The Japanese surprise attacked Port Arthur, the Russians were not prepared and it took them a fair amount of time to respond. The trans-Siberian railway was just finished but supplies had to travel thousands of miles through treacherous land to get to the soldiers. Those in power were incompetent, hated one another and were constantly arguing. They kept changing their strategies until finally the Russian Commander of Port Arthur surrendered to the Japanese, before consulting his officers, even though they were stocked with plenty of food and weapon and capable of holding out for longer. Even though the Russian army had 100,000 more people and only half as many casualties, victory was for the Japanese. The Russo-Japanese War left Russia's deep water navy and army devastated. The war also resulted in the Russian Revolution of 1905 and this popular discontent with the government was carried on. But the public was not only displeased with the outcome of the war, they had other reasons to oppose the government. There was an out of date economy which meant that the majority of the population were peasants.The very nature of the Tsarist Regime had its weaknesses. The Russian empire was a giant by the early 1900s. It was mammoth in size, spread across Europe and Asia with an equally gigantic population of 125 million citizens. Most of these people lived in the European side of Russia (from Poland to the West of the Urals) and there was a huge division in the population. Governing these people was difficult and communication was after insufficient. There were bad roads and very few railways. Tsar Nicholas II was an autocrat, he ruled as a king and no one was there to make sure he walked the line. Not until 1905 when the Tsar was forced to recognize a Duma, Russia was without a parliament and political parties. Censorship was imposed in the media and press. The social and economic structure of Tsarist Russia is as follows:Table 1:Ruling class (Tsar, court, government) 0.5%Upper class (nobility, higher clergy, military officers) 12%Commercial class (merchants, factory owners, financiers) 1.5%Working class (factory workers and...

Find Another Essay On The End of the Romanov Dynasty

“Assess the impact of social, political and economic issues in early twentieth century Russia in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty.”

780 words - 3 pages Untitled "Assess the impact of social, political and economic issues in early twentieth century Russia in the downfall of the Romanov Dynasty." The downfall of the Romanov dynasty was due to the impacts of bearing internal factors on Russia such as the social, political and economic issues present in early twentieth century Russia. These issues were largely manufactured by previous generations of Tsars but ultimately set

End of an Era: The Fall of Rome and the Han Dynasty

1023 words - 4 pages End of an Era: The Fall of Rome and the Han Dynasty The Classical Era was a time of greatness. Great empires rose to power, the likes of which the world had never seen before. In the west, Rome emerged as the dominant power. Originating in the Italian peninsula, the Roman Empire would eventually stretch from Britain to Mesopotamia and Egypt, a huge empire maintained through a vast network of roads. This empire was made of hundreds of different

Economy of the Ming Dynasty

817 words - 3 pages Tommy HuApril 25, 2008First DraftEconomy of the Ming DynastyBeginning from 1368, and ending in 1644, the Ming Dynasty was a very prosperous dynasty. The economy during this time had a major divide in the north and south. The north was devastated by the wars and corrupt government remnants from the Mongol ruling Yuan Dynasty. Natural disasters during the end of the Yuan Dynasty had caused a population decrease in the Yellow River Basin and

The Shang Dynasty of China.

1354 words - 5 pages -one kings and seventeen generations. The Shang used to be an old tribe that lived in the lower reach of the Yellow River. It was a tributary of the Xia Kingdom. At the end of the Xia, the last ruler Jie was a tyrant who made his people live in misery. The chief of the Shang tribe, Tang, led an insurgent army and overthrew the Xia Dynasty. Tang then established the Shang Dynasty and made Bo his capital city.The Shang Dynasty was the second

The Decline Of Qing Dynasty

1295 words - 5 pages . However the situation was totally reversed as the Qing Dynasty gradually fell. The decline of Qing not only marked the end of the dynasty itself, it also indicated the cessation of China's being an admired world-leading power. The cause of Qing's decline is a complicated subject. To generalize, the decline of Qing was a result of the conflict between the population and the government, the intrusion of foreign countries, as well as internal

Poets of the Tang Dynasty

1855 words - 7 pages in their poetry, there are connections between the Tang Dynasty poets’ works and their respective religions. Wang Wei (699-761CE), was a Buddhist poet that was born in to the upper class in Shanxi. He passed the Chin-Shi system – a system that was designed to challenge government and bureaucratic officials in all realms of knowledge from poetry and art to academia. However, Wei was exiled due to a loss of popularity during his career. This is

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Romanov: The Last Tsar of Russia

1631 words - 7 pages for revolutionary parties also increased and movements to overthrow the Tsar began to increase in support. The beginning of World War One in 1914 signaled the end of the Romanov Dynasty. War was declared between Germany and Russia, it was the last historical event during The Romanov Dynasty that was thought to save the Romanov throne and not destroy what was left of it. At first it seemed as though Russia fought well to hold off the

The Romanov Rule in Russia

2519 words - 10 pages them instead. Demands for changes in the government finally resulted in the abdication of Nicholas II and his son on March 15. Over three centuries of Romanov rule were at an end. In the summer of 1918, the Russian royal family was imprisoned in Ektaerinburg in the Ural Mountains. On July 1918, soldiers ordered the family down to the cellar to face a firing squad. In conclusion, even though Nicholas's objectives were

The Failure of the Qing Dynasty

1255 words - 5 pages The Failure of the Qing Dynasty Although some short term successes were achieved for China when dealing with western demands of diplomatic relations and free trade, in the sense that it retained their pride in their tributary systems, such responses were in flawed in the long term. Focusing on the time period 1793-1839, this essay will investigate what were the western attempts and demands in diplomatic relations and

Buddhist Art of The Wei Dynasty

2429 words - 10 pages traditions, with other popular Buddhist art forms from places, such as India. The arrival of Buddhism in China greatly influenced the art of China for many dynasties. According to Art in China by Craig Clunas, the Wei Dynasty, which started in 386 and ended in 535, was an era in which Buddhism was central to the culture of both the noble and common people. For much of the Wei dynasty the artists and sculptors were slaves to the state. Different

Achievements of the Tang and Song Dynasty

665 words - 3 pages During the Tang and Song dynasty, many excellent achievements have been accomplished which are still being preserved and used widely over centuries. Their citizens were excelled in many fields with several of new and practical inventions which all directly affected the citizens’ lives. Especially, the big rise in science and technology as well as attaining such great progresses in agriculture and economy were some of the most remarkable ones

Similar Essays

What Caused The Romanov Dynasty To Fall? Explain The Fall And Decline Of The Romanov Dynasty.

1710 words - 7 pages . In the beginning, most Russian people responded enthusiastically.In reality, the decision to go to war sounded death knell of the Romanov government. By late 1914, dreams of a short victorious war gave way to the realities of high casualty rates, inadequate medical care, shortages of gun and bullets and loss of land. By 1916, the war alone was costing nearly five times the 1913 budget allowance.Russian soldiers suffered because of tsar's poor

The Decline And Fall Of The Romanov Dynasty

1465 words - 6 pages Nicholas II came to the throne during an arduous time in Russian history. It was a combination of factors, including his political ineptitude that led to the fall of the Romanov dynasty and eventually cost Nicholas II, the Tsarina Alexandra and their five children their lives. Russia was late in modernising, partly due to the Tsar?s lack of reforms, and was behind Britain, France and the United States. Russia was also slow to emerge from

Importance Of Events Between 1894 And The Decline Of The Romanov Dynasty

1183 words - 5 pages Importance of Events Between 1894 and the Decline of the Romanov Dynasty The execution of Tsar Nicholas II and his family in July 1918 signalled the brutal end of a Romanov Dynasty that had survived for hundreds of years in Russia. Such a dynasty had relied on a system known as 'Tsarism'- that is, having a single man ruling the entire Russian empire. Whilst the revolution of 1918 is often seen as being the

The Decline And Fall If The Romanov Dynasty.

1863 words - 7 pages The Decline and Fall of the Romanov DynastyIn 1894, Tsar Alexander III died suddenly of Kidney failure at a very young age. His son, Nicholas II took over the position (he was only 26) through succession, not knowing that he would soon become the tsar who brought the Romanov rule to an end after more than 300 years of autocratic rule.The same year, Tsar Nicholas married Princess Alix (Alexandra) of Hesse-Darmstadt. The marriage was a love match