The End Of World War Ii

1538 words - 6 pages

On December 7, 1941, in an unexpected and sudden move, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, drawing the United States into the world war that the US had insofar remained neutral. On December 8, just hours after the attack, the United States of America declared war on the Empire of Japan.

Germany and Italy next declared war on America, but the US also had its allies in Great Britain, Australia, the Netherlands, New Zealand, and tentatively China. When the US entered World War II, the Allies were at a serious disadvantage with France under German control, Great Britain under siege, and the USSR trying to repel the invading Germans. Northern Africa was under German and Italian control. The initial strategy of the Allies was to win the war in Europe first, then work on North Africa and the South Pacific. America wanted to attack Germany first, and try to take out the root of the problem directly. In late December on 1941, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill and their chief advisors met in Washington, D.C. The Combined Chiefs of Staff (CCS) was created which was a top-level British-American military committee that was based in Washington. Its goal was to create, develop, and execute common strategies. General George C. Marshall of the US Army wanted to build up troops and munitions in England and then cross the English Channel in to Northwest Europe, taking back control from the Nazis. The problem was that the United States couldn’t take very much action in Europe in early 1942 because it had no troops stationed there, and was still in the process of building up the army/navy and converting American industry to a developed war machine. The American and British strategists disagreed, but eventually, President Roosevelt stepped in and it was agreed that the Allies, especially the United States, would stand up to the Japanese in the South Pacific and assist the British against General Rommel of the Axis Powers in North Africa.

By forcing the Axis Powers to fight a second front in North Africa, the Allies were able to take some pressure off the USSR. The Soviets had been pressuring the Allies to relieve them of the stress of Germany’s invasions on the Eastern Front (also known as the Russian Front). It was doubtful if the USSR would survive if the Germans launched a second summer offensive. During the winter, the Soviet Union was safe because of the extremely cold winters. The horses of the German military froze to death, the tanks and jeeps would not start and the even the guns wouldn’t fire or if they did, they wouldn’t kill because the bullets did not travel fast enough. The previous year, June 22, 1941, Nazi Germany had launched the largest military offensive in history called Operation Barbarossa. About 4.5 million Axis military, 600,000 motor vehicles, and 750,000 horses stormed a 1,800 mile front of the border of the Soviet Union. It failed. The Eastern Front was the site of the largest battles, the deadliest...

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