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The Effect Of Stress On Health

1161 words - 5 pages

The Effect of Stress on Health
Introduction
Stress is a common phenomenon that affects people in some way (Barringer & Orbuch, 2013). However, the level of stress varies from mild to acute stress. Research has shown concrete evidence on the impact of stress on physical and emotional health of humans. This works explore the contribution of stress on health status.
Related Research
Statement of Purpose
The purpose of this study is to highlight the depth to which stress affects physical and emotional health of an individual.
Specific Research Methods
Although there are numerous research methods, this research focuses on qualitative research approach. This research is limited to research work done within the last seven years. All documents researched come from EBSCOhost academic site. The search terms used to identify the documents are effects of stress on health.
Findings
The human body responds to stress and stressors in different ways leading to different health issues (Bono, Glomb, Shen, Kim & Koch, 2013; Ismail, Hasan, Yu-Fei, Ismail & Abu Samah, 2013). However, there are seven major ways that the body responds to stress.
First, stress creates a strong effect on the brain. In return, the brain generates steroid hormone coupled with stress hormone cortisol (King, Lloyd & Holewa, 2008). This is as a result of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) mechanism releasing glucocorticoids, which are steroid hormones (King, Lloyd & Holewa, 2008). The two hormones are critical in metabolism when released on moderate measures. However, under stressful conditions, they are released in excess. Their impact on the heart, lungs, metabolism, skin, circulatory system, and immune system is unprecedented (King, Lloyd & Holewa, 2008).
Stress also causes the HPA mechanism to release catecholamines, which are instrumental in triggering adrenaline release (King, Lloyd & Holewa, 2008). Excessive adrenaline release makes the body to reach anxiety state faster leading to poor body functionality coupled with mild forms of ADHD (Donnelly, Renk & McKinney, 2013).
Another chemical released by the brain is neuropeptide S, which is a miniscule protein used to decrease sleep (Donnelly, Renk & McKinney, 2013). Excessive release of this chemical leads to sleeplessness that affects normal human cycle. This contributes immensely to regular and sustained burnouts due to sleep deprivation (Seib, Whiteside, Humphrey, Lee, Thomas, Chopin, & … Anderson, 2014). Additionally, catecholamines affect the frontal region of the brain, which is instrumental in short-term and long-term memories (King, Lloyd & Holewa, 2008). This leads to poor memory and retention capacity. Acute stress tends to have a long-term mental health impact that affects multiple regions.
The second response mechanism towards stress is by the heart, circulatory system and the lungs (Seib et al., 2014; Wells, 2013). Uncontrolled release of metabolic signals leads to poor digestion and absorption of bear. As the...

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