This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effect Of Different Types Of Organized Lists On Word Recall

2853 words - 11 pages

The present study aimed to measure the effect of different types of organized lists on recall. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups and was presented with either a list of words organized Alphabetically (N=10) under the words corresponding letters or words organized in a Schedule (N=11), categorized under ellipses labeled with parts of a day-"Morning", "Afternoon", and "Evening" . Each list contained the same 90 words sans the organization of the list. Participants in both groups studied their respective list and recalled as many words as they could remember by writing them down afterwards in both trials under a restricted period of time. It was predicted, the mean of correct word recall would increase for both groups across trials. Although statistical significance was not met, mean of correct word recall was higher in the group with Schedule list organization than the group with the Alphabetized list. These findings led to the conclusion that the organization of word lists aids in associating words in categories which facilitate in higher recall. Similarly, these predictions were consistent with findings of Bower and Clark-Meyers (1980) , Bower, Clark, Lesgold, and Winzenz (1969), and Calfee and Peterson (1968).
Keyword: Recall, organization, word lists, memory, categories

The Effect of Different Types of Organized Lists on Word Recall
The study of human memory has stirred many interests in research. The process of memory is encoding, storing, and retrieving information. Learning is aided by the ability to store newly formed memories for periods of time and recalling them when needed. One of the main components in memory is the short-term memory (STM), which is responsible for storing information temporarily. Even though the capacity to store in STM is limited, memory capacity can be expanded through the process of chunking. Chunking is a strategy in which information is clustered into meaningful associations that increase memorization. This in itself is a type of organization of categorizing the information so it is easier to remember and recall.
Bower, Clark, Lesgold, and Winzenz (1969) conducted a study that looked at the impact of words structured in an organized hierarchy and category blocking on free-recall. The study explored category names that acted as a cue to enhance recall on structured lists relating to the category label. Furthermore, hierarchical organization of the word list grouped words into specific categories, high-level categories prompted the lower-level categories which helped in recalling words. The perceptual hierarchy is organized in a tree-like structure where the organization categorizes the words within their shared groups of additional categories.
The first experiment Bower et al.(1969) carried out consisted of four trials in which 112 words were presented to participants either in a blocked or random list. The blocked list was hierarchically organized in comparison to the...

Find Another Essay On The Effect of Different Types of Organized Lists on Word Recall

The Different Types of Media Essay

935 words - 4 pages The Different Types of Media I think that all different types of media have lots of different influences on society, especially individuals. There is an enormous variety of media including; television, newspapers, radio, magazines, advertisements etc. It seems that the more developed that society gets, the harder it becomes to escape media. One of the most common forms of media is advertisements. Advertisements

The Different Types of Diabetes Essay

1114 words - 5 pages Diabetes is a metabolic diseases also know as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is when a person has to high blood glucose or also known as sugar, diabetes affects 7% of the population. diabetes is happens when the body can not control the bodies blood sugar level or keep it at a homeostasis level. There are two types of diabetes and one that happens when a women is pregnant, there is Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes

The Different Types of Acupuncture

1445 words - 6 pages and yang. Meridians refer to the longitudinal trunk parks of the meridian system. The twelve meridians expound the routes and connect different parts of the body based on the clinical application of acupoints. The system extends and distribute to each end of the body, forming a unique medical aspect within the anatomical structure, also the microsystem. Karl Pribram, a neuropsychologist concluded that the brain was holographic ally structured

The different types of irony

546 words - 2 pages Verbal irony ... is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker implies differs sharply from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed. The ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluationDramatic irony involves a situation in a play or narrative in which the

The Different Types of Sports

620 words - 2 pages “Sports are for fun, but they also offer benefits and lessons that carry over into all aspects of life”. This well-known anonymous quotation conveys the message that sport is the game which has some rules and custom. It is not only for fun and entertainment, but there are also some benefits of playing sports and which gives some important lessons for life. Every kind of physical sports is healthy because it involves running, jumping, stretching

A Discussion on Different Types of Ethics

3117 words - 12 pages Ethics is basically concerned with people’s moral obligations to others. This is to mean that ethics is a moral standard or a set of moral standards that guide people on the right and wrong behavior. According to the Josephson Institute of Ethics (), ethics is about how people meet the challenge of doing the right thing when that will cost more than we want to pay. Moral standards can be described as principles having their basis on cultural

The Different Types of Teeth of Mammals

3171 words - 13 pages regeneration, but on the other hand mammalian teeth have developed many variations in size and shape. Mammalian dentition can be divided into four tooth types; incisor, canine, pre-molar (bicuspid), and molar teeth. Molar teeth specifically are the most diversely shaped teeth of the four types. Although teeth can develop from either endoderm or mesoderm, in mammals neural crest and ectodermal tissues produce ectodermal appendages, which later grow as teeth

The Effects of Different Types of Abuse

2438 words - 10 pages There are several different types of abuse and each type affects people differently. There is child abuse and spousal abuse, but there is also physical and mental abuse. This paper will go over each type of abuse, how the abuse affects the person, how people can recover from abuse, and just some general information. To start off I will discuss spousal abuse and its affect on people. Surveys in the US and Canada have shown each year about 12

The Roles of Different Types of Ownerships

1924 words - 8 pages from the company etc. -Income Taxes: Each member is responsible to pay taxes on their share of the income generated by the LLC (limited liability company). An LLC is not considered to be a corporation. -Longevity: Generally the LLC ends with the death or retirement of the owner. Each state may have different laws concerning this matter. -Control: The owner, or person that started the LLC, generally has the control, unless otherwise

The Effect of Different Sugar Sources on Yeast Respiration

726 words - 3 pages The purpose of this investigation is to test the effect of different sugar sources on yeast respiration. Yeasts are unicellular organisms belonging to the fungi kingdom and Eukarya Domain. Yeast are heterotrophs which gain its energy from enzymes that break down carbohydrates into alcohol and CO2. It can also derive energy from simple sugars such as fructose and glucose, which can be found mostly in groups and reproduce asexually (occasionally

The Effect of Different Size Rubber Bands on Stretch Rates

664 words - 3 pages . The group claimed that the smaller rubber bands would require more weight to be added in order for the rate of stretch to increase. The group also claimed that the larger rubber band requires less weight to be added to effect its rate of change. The claims recorded properly support the hypothesis because they show that the different size rubber bands would each have its own rate of change. According to the research conducted from the group, there were possible random and systematic errors happening in the graph, creating scatter in the graph.

Similar Essays

The Serial Position Effect On Word Recall

1761 words - 7 pages ; while the other half of students were not aware that they would need to recall words from a list. Both groups received a total of 12 different lists. The words were read at a rate of one word per sec without any emphasis on specific word. In addition to that, the participants’ responses were recorded in an interval of 30 seconds. Results showed that the recency effect is stronger for free serial recall and for a longer interval than primacy effect

The Effect Of Speed Of Word Presentation On The Primacy And Recency Effect In Free Recall: A Report Done For An Experimental Psychology Class

1741 words - 7 pages Running head: THE EFFECT OF SPEED ON WORD PRESENTATIONThe Effect of Speed of Word Presentation on the Primacy and Recency Effect in Free RecallAbstractThe purpose of this experiment was to replicate the free recall experiment done by Murdock (1962). The experiment included manipulation of the speed at which the words were presented in order to see the effect that these words would have on the ability of a subject to recall them.List 1 was

The Effect Of Musical Complexity And Familiarity On Serial Recall

1494 words - 6 pages to ignore the background audio as these sounds are not part of the experiment (W. J. Macken, Tremblay, Houghton, Nicholls, & D. M. Jones, 2003b) (Tremblay, Nicholls, Alford, & D. M. Jones, 2000c). Participants are often unaware of any affect the background sounds have on their recall ability (Beaman & D. M. Jones, 1997). This overall occurrence is called the “irrelevant sound effect.” ISE appears to occur specifically during the rehearsal stage

Effect Of List Position On Free Recall

763 words - 3 pages In our daily lives, we constantly try to store and retrieve information from our memory. Sometimes the retrieval process is quite simple, while other times it seems to be almost impossible. An experiment was done to investigate the effect of list position on free recall. The serial position effect refers to the U-shaped pattern presentation on a free recall task. The accuracy of item recall depends on the order that the stimulus is presented