The Endangered Species Act Essay

1260 words - 5 pages

The Endangered Species Act was established in 1973 to protect endangered species. Climate change, caused by anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions, has serious consequences for many species, but it is a great concern for polar bears. Polar bear populations are susceptible to climate change, hunting, and habitat alteration. They are the world’s largest terrestrial carnivore and because of their strength polar bears are the symbol of the Arctic.
Their physical characteristics make polar bears a perfect fit for the arctic. The polar bear’s oily and water-repellent fur allows it to easily shake off the water and ice that may have formed after swimming. Their thick layer of body fat and small ears enable them to conserve body heat. The bear’s white fur turns a yellowish color due to oxidation from the sun but still serves as camouflage. Their large paws have black pads covered with soft papillae, also called dermal bumps, which create friction and prevent slipping. Polar bears have partially webbed forepaws and elongated hind paws making it easy for them to swim (WWF: A Leader in Polar Bear).
Hunting was a major threat to polar bears in the 1960s. Hunters have taken to hunting bears from planes in Alaska. This sport hunting is now illegal. The bear’s fur is obtained as a trophy for the floor or to make coats; polar bears also provide meat. Until 1950, only Inuit’s hunted the polar bears barely killing one-hundred a year; now 700 are killed each year due to illegal hunting. Because hunters placed a great deal of pressure on polar bears, the International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears was signed on November 15, 1973 in Oslo Polar Bears International).
The polar bear population is estimated to be around twenty-two thousand. These creatures rely on the arctic ice and weather for their survival. Today, scientists have recorded the drowning of polar bears due to the rapid melting of sea ice caused by global warming. Last summer the arctic ice decreased by fifty percent; it was followed by the break-up of the permanent ice pack of the Beaufort Sea during the winter (Polar Bears International). Scientists predict that summers will be ice-free by 2050. Polar bears need to swim further to reach the ice, and some drown while making the long journey to the ice to hunt seals although they have been tracked swimming continuously for one-hundred kilometers. Polar bears have been photographed clinging to small ice formations as their environment melts away, leaving them melting at the mercy of a climate change. They simply cannot survive. The rapid decline in sea ice has led to a twenty-two percent drop in the population of the Southern Beaufort Bay and the Western Hudson Bay polar bears since 1987. These two populations have seen a decline in cub survival and the skull size of adult males (Polar Bears).
Polar bears favor survival over reproduction and postpone reproduction if living conditions are harsh....

Find Another Essay On The Endangered Species Act

The Bald Eagle as an Endangered Species

1334 words - 5 pages . When the bald eagle reached its low point in the 1960's (400 pairs), it was put on the endangered species list. The many federal acts or programs, the "Endangered Species Act" being the most effective, that were created for the bald eagle show how much the government cares about the symbol of our nation. There are four major reasons why the bald eagle is an endangered species. The first reason why the bald eagle became an endangered species is

Cause and Effects of the Endangered Species Becoming Extinct in the United States

1102 words - 4 pages harvesting of crops, which places a threat on our birds and plants due to the pesticide pollution. The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973 was enacted by Congress to minimize treats and protect the endangered species. The United States face a dilemma when it comes to protecting the listed endangered species. Animals such as the bald eagle, Florida panther, gray wolf, grizzly bear, red-cockaded woodpecker, are just a few of the listed endangered

The image of the lion in western society: king of the jungle or endangered species?

2649 words - 11 pages The image of the lion in western society: king of the jungle or endangered species?The lion (Leo or panthera leo) , the large cat of the family Felidae, the second largest of the big cats (after the tiger), has always captured our imagination. For centuries it has been the symbol of power, strength, pride, courage and royalty. It is one of the main motifs throughout heraldry. Many royal and powerful families have the lion on their crests. The

H. Pylori and its Interactions with Humans in “An Endangered Species in the Stomach” by Martin J. Blaser

636 words - 3 pages In the article, “An Endangered Species in the Stomach” by Martin J. Blaser, he talks about a 60,000 year old bacterium living in the human stomach, named “Helicobacter pylori”. H. pylori was first isolated for investigation in 1982 by Barry J. Marshall and J. Robin Warren. Later researchers discovered that H. pylori was responsible for developing peptic ulcers, breaks in the lining of the stomach, or could also cause stomach cancer. For the past

Endangered Species Legislation

2375 words - 10 pages factors that resulted from this expansion of environmental consciousness occurring over the last several decades has been the protection of endangered species. Much has been done in the legal world to ensure the continued longevity of our planet’s diversity, including two major policies: CITES and the Endangered Species Act. Each of these policies has approached the welfare of endangered species in a different way, with varying degrees of success

Endangered and Extinct Animals

975 words - 4 pages organizations. The Endangered Species Act states that a recovery plan is need for endangered animals(Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute). Recovery plans are needed for animals because the animals need certain things for them to survive, and the organizations need to know their objectives and problems. Habitat restoration would save the animals habitat and homes. Captive breeding would save the last of the species and produce new animals

Endangered Species: What is Killing them?

2006 words - 8 pages reptiles have become endangered after people introduced domestic animals” (270). The nonnative species may also have another big advantage as they prey on native species. It is a good thing native plants and animals have many government and non-government organizations protecting them. The Endangered Species Act has helped a lot of endangered animals from becoming extinct. Verlyn Klinkenborg, PhD, in his article “Last One,” discusses endangered


2312 words - 9 pages province has a large obligation to protect and maintain this biodiversity from the dangers that human existence pose to it. The federal and provincial governments have created many laws and regulations that relate to the protection and management of the environment and biodiversity. More specifically the provincial government of Ontario has the Endangered species act, which will be the focal point of analysis. The Endangered species act was

Endangered Species

1513 words - 6 pages . However, they are considerably different when it comes to predicting extinction. Young plant lineages, or those that are diversifying quickly are far more common to be threatened, as to where it is just the opposite in animals. (4) Plants are also much better at recovering from being threatened or endangered. This makes it much more difficult to effectively list a plant as threatened or endangered. Can this be fixed? The Endangered Species Act

Cloning: An Option for Endangered Species Conservation

990 words - 4 pages habitats will not work or should be abandoned, but simply suggests that saving an animal’s environment may not be enough. Increasing the numbers in a given population is just as important and cloning may be one of the only options some species have left to survive. Moreover, while critics argue that cloning endangered species would take away from the importance of and focus on habitat preservation, ACT and other scientists make the claim that

Overview of Endangered Species

2210 words - 9 pages preamble to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, a council, recognizing that endangered species “are of esthetic, ecological, educational, historical, recreational, and scientific value to the nation and its people” raised questions like these. Extinction of plants also increase the Carbon Dioxide levels in the atmosphere, deteriorate the greenhouse effect and interfere with greenhouse gases causing harm to humans as well as animals, causing some to

Similar Essays

Endangered Species Act Essay

2945 words - 12 pages PurposeTo study the history of the Endangered Species Act, Endangered Species Coalition and the animals protected under it and to follow the latest happenings in the news pertaining to this subject.Review of LiteratureThe Endangered Species ActThe Endangered Species Act was created on December 28, 1973, for the protection of all animals whose numbers were declining and were in danger of becoming extinct. Congress passed it with overwhelming

America's Endangered Species Act Essay

2706 words - 11 pages America's Endangered Species Act Save the Bald Eagles! Save the whales! Save the Mountain Lions! Such were the environmentalists rallying cries that brought about the Endangered Species Act of 1973. Although, the first official endangered species legislation was a 1966 bill that called for saving U.S. wildlife, but lacked the powers to do so. The Endangered Species Act(ESA) of 1973 set forth the basic rules that apply in the U.S. today. Two

Endangered Species Act Of 1973 Essay

2065 words - 8 pages The Endangered Species Act (ESA) of 1973, managed by both the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Commerce Department’s National. Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), was created to provide protection for species at risk of extinction and the habitat in which they thrive. Work on developing an endangered species bill began in 1972 following President Nixon’s remarks in his “Environmental Message” (93 S. Rpt. 307). Nixon deemed the

The Hippopotamus: Endangered Species Report

604 words - 2 pages The Hippopotamus: Endangered Species ReportThe ban on elephant ivory trading has slowed down the poaching of elephants, butnow poachers are getting their ivory from another creature, the hippopotamus. Forthe poacher, the hippo is an easy target. They stay together for long hours in muddywater pools, as many as eighty-one can be found in a single square mile. Thisconcentration is so big it's only second to that of the elephant. Poachers kill