The Ending of White Minority and Nelson Mandela
In 1948, the Apartheid system officially started. A Dr. Malan
introduced it. He established the structure of Apartheid because he
exclaimed different races could not live amongst each other in harmony
and needed to live separately. Some might argue it was because he
wanted to secure the supposed superiority of the White minority. It
ended within 50 year of starting.
This essay is going to explain how Nelson Mandela, once just a member
of a small Black tribe in the depth of South Africa, fought Apartheid
to become a worldwide figurehead for non- Whites, the first Black
president of South Africa, in 1994. It will also explain to what
extent his work stretched to end Apartheid and compare his role to
Nelson Mandela was born into a Black tribe in South Africa in 1918.
His father was of political importance in the tribe. Mandela received
a quality education. He then moved to Johannesburg, where he studied
law at the university of Witwaterstrand. He earned himself a degree of
law. In 1947, he set up the first Black law firm in South Africa, to
work against Apartheid.
In his youth he felt naturally felt oppressed by Apartheid to such an
extent he went to a protest boycott. Unfortunately he got suspended
from his college for this. Later on in his youth he became secretary
for the African National Congress (ANC for short) youth league. When
on refuge from South Africa he told Europe of Apartheid and spread the
anti- Apartheid word. Mandela also took part in peaceful
anti-Apartheid protests, organised a national day of strike of Black
workers and supported the Freedom Charter.
Mandela felt the situation was not getting better for Blacks, despite
his peaceful attempts. Drastic times lead to drastic measures, so
Mandela sought temporary refuge in neighbouring countries, ruled by
Blacks to set up militia groups. Mandela study military tactics for a
long time and used that knowledge to train his group to sabotage
electricity supplies for White neighbourhoods, strike government
buildings and cause a general disruption for the Whites. But in 1962,
on Mandela’s return to South Africa, he was arrested.
This is a key factor in which opinion disagrees with Mandela solely
ending Apartheid. When arrested he was sent to a high security prison
on Robben Island, off the coastline of South Africa, for 26 years.
Although, in response, others feel Mandela was a figurehead who
inspired other Blacks to fight for their cause. Also he receives
credibility for the awareness around the world at the time.
After Mandela’s release he became president of South Africa in 1994,
and with help from his White deputy, de Klark, managed to dismantle
the Apartheid state.
When Mandela took refuge it was at a time when a trend swept across