This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The English Peasant Uprising Essay

1897 words - 8 pages

The English Peasant Uprising was motivated by a growing contempt with the government and clergy following the Black Death which was finally set off by a series of immediate social and economic causes. A shortage of workers followed the Black Death with an estimated forty-five per cent of the population dying in England . As entire towns were either deserted or left devoid of life, rural peasants increased their mobility into major cities. This shortage of rural workers led to famine as fields were left to go fallow, placing further economic pressure on the peasant classes who survived as the price of food increased. Due to the lack of labourers, the labourers who survived demanded greater wages as they now had increased leverage over employers. This ultimately led to economic inflation due to the increased labour cost to the upper classes. This was met with resistance from King Edward III and parliament, who issued the Ordinance of Labourers 1349 and the Statute of Labourers 1351 in an attempt to fix workers’ rates to that of before the Black Death and prohibit an increase in wages beyond pre-established limits . This put great stress on the peasantry as they were forced to work throughout famine for greater hours for limited pay under inflated prices and seeded an antipathy for the government.

The general attitude towards the Church as an institution was also responsible for the English Peasant Uprising. At this time, the Church was still a major landowner with almost 60% of English land held by the Church . However, 40% of priests and monks died to the Black Death and the shortage of ecumenical authorities lead to good wages offered for people to step into the clergy . This lead many people unsuited to the roles of religious leaders entering those positions. Not only did the church hold a vast amount of land, but there representatives were increasingly uneducated, incompetent, brash and impious . Schools of thought such as held by the Lollards, followers of theologian and reformer John Wycliffe whom acted as lay preachers, were held responsible for the Uprising as they were critical of the church as an institution, particularly the concept of the Church owning land. As these Lollards travelled and preached their opposition to the Church as temporal power, they resonated with the peasants and became increasingly popular as unlike many of the priests and monks recruited after the Black Death, they were observed to be genuinely pious . The already solid dissatisfaction with the clergy only intensified with the imprisonment of a highly popular Lollard, John Ball. John Ball was imprisoned at Maidstone in Kent when he came into conflict with Simon of Sudbury Archbishop of Canterbury for lay preaching.

The Hundred Years war with France is still ongoing at this point which was also adding further pressure to the lower classes due to the taxes needed to fund it. The war was very expensive, which meant more taxes had to be put in place to...

Find Another Essay On The English Peasant Uprising

The Marxist Journey in The Wars by Timothy Findley

2302 words - 10 pages person saying "Can't you speak English? he asked politely. This was the wrong thing to say. The man threw down his hat and began to shout. Enklesh! Enklesh! Vous etes anglais? Maudit anglais! he screamed."(Findley 71). The Flemish peasant is asking Robert if he is English, and then exclaims his hatred for the people and nation by saying cursed English! The hatred of the Flemish farmer towards Ross can be seen on one level as Ross representing

why should Napoleon Bonaparte be considered as a hero

607 words - 2 pages red scarf in the head) uprising broke out against the Mongols. In 1352 when the rebel army captured Haozhou (currently Fengyang in Anhui Province), Zhu Yuanzhang, a local young man from a peasant family joined the army. After that, Zhu served with distinction in the battles. He was then chosen as general by a rebelling warlord named Guo Ziyi. After the death of the rebelling warlord, Zhu took control and continued forth to realize his plan to take

The Stability of Russia in 1914

761 words - 3 pages The Stability of Russia in 1914 In 1914 Russia's stability was questionable; the Tsar's regime had been under considerable strain due to the unsuccessful uprising in 1905. The Tsar still had the support of the army, which helped to put down many attempts at revolution. However, there was still brewing resentments about the harsh conditions of the Tsar's government that threatened to explode at any time. The

Who had greater success in solving the problems of the Russian countryside, Alexander the second, Alexander the third or Stalin?

1422 words - 6 pages have been very much worse.Alexander the third had begun to lessen the problems of the countryside: the abandonment of the poll tax. The importance of which should not be underestimated as shown in medieval England where the poll tax was the final step that caused the English peasantry to revolt and nearly overthrow the monarchy. The land Bank was a useful step toward modern production and peasant improvement. However the famine and continuing

Analyze the Causes of and the Responses to the Peasants Revolts in the German States 1524-1526

933 words - 4 pages Reactions to Peasant RevoltsDuring a short two year period of the 16th century, the peasant class formed groups to challenge the power and argue for freedom. Dialogue turned into violence and principles such as the Twelve Articles of the Swabian Peasants turned to pillage throughout the German States of the Holy Roman Empire (Doc.2). The impact was felt everywhere but in the end the uprising led to over 100,000 deaths and not much change. The

Soweto Uprising: Causal Analysis

1012 words - 5 pages On the 16th of June,1976, the Soweto uprising began with high school students protested for a better education. The uprising was a protest formed by black Africans, who objected against the use of the Afrikaans language in South African schools. There are many causes for this uprising such as the apartheid laws strengthening and the introduction of the Bantu Education Act.There were also several important consequences.These include the deaths of

Hungarian Peasant and Folk Music

1583 words - 6 pages Hungarian Peasant and Folk Music I. General confusion about Hungarian folk music. Gypsy music Peasant music - the real Hungarian folk music - is not Gypsy music. Peasant music certainly had influence on the songs and playing of gypsies who lived in Hungary and performed in ensembles, though. Gypsy music used to be the basis of all generalizations about Hungarian music. It was Ferenc Liszt's monumental error to state that Gypsy music is

Econimics from Middle Ages to French Revolution

1107 words - 4 pages fund the war, but this only excluded wool out of the export business. The French taxation by the nobles for the war caused the peasant uprising called the Jacquerie. Artisans’, merchants and parish priests joined the peasants in the economic revolt by burning castles, killing daughters, and mothers. The Early Reformation had economic consequences that sparked the peasant revolt in Germany. The Catholic churches were preaching and selling


998 words - 4 pages brother named Opechancanough, who led the Indians to the English civilisations on the 22 March 1622, to entertain and dine with the English before brutally revolting on them without any warning. In total approximately 3650 English colonist and an undisclosed number of Indians were killed. The Bacon’s rebellion on the other hand, has a similar trait circumstances, but unlike the Indian uprising in 1622 whereby the Indians attacked the English

The Effectiveness of Negative Political Propaganda

1310 words - 5 pages hammer and sickle…which was designed to represent a uniting of factory and farm workers, and towns and country” (Gifford 45). The statue created to represent this message, called, Worker and Peasant Looking into the Glorious Communist Future, was used to create a false impression of communism being a prosperous type of government. By placing a glittering-generality on the statue, it send a positive message to the Russian people about communism

King Richard

1171 words - 5 pages at the threatened disintegration of his empire, Henry II brought the feudal host of his continental lands to Richard’s aid, but the younger Henry died suddenly(June 11, 1183)and the uprising collapsed. Richard was now heir to England, and to Normandy and Anjou, and his father wished him to yield Aquitaine to his youngest brother, John. But Richard, a true southerner, would not surrender the duchy in which he had grown up. Richard received

Similar Essays

Puerto Rico Essay

970 words - 4 pages for the most part, were friendly compared to the Carib indians in some of the more southerly islands which were warlike and to some degree cannibalistic. The conquest of the island didn't take long, and the peaceful Tainos were put to the task as slaves for the purpose of mining the gold that was found on the island. The gold didn't last long and in 1511 there was an uprising of the

The Syrian Uprising: Ash Shab Yurid Isqat An Nizam

997 words - 4 pages The Syrian Uprising is indeed a puzzle. After both Egyptians and Tunisians overthrew their respective dictators, an uprising in Syria was still contrary to many experts and analysts' beliefs; it was predicted that Syrians would not follow the uprisings in Tunisia and Egypt due to the lack of "structures that could enable people to organize themselves and rally others" (Abdulhamid, 2011). One of these scholars was David Lesch, a Professor of

Problems Faced By England C. 1300 1500

1008 words - 5 pages Despite of the fact that England is separated from the Continental Europe, it couldn't avoid typical problems of a Medieval country such as wars, epidemics, rebellions. The external problem was The Hundred Years' War. The domestic ones were the plague epidemic and The Peasants' Revolt. Each of the problems had an impact on the English history timeline, influenced on its way of achieving what we observe now. The Hundred Years' War Started as a

The Effects Of Plagues Essay

5881 words - 24 pages powers of command over the peasants within their own rural domains. The French nobility were thus able to genuinely turn back the clock, though not without a peasant uprising, the Jacquerie of 1356 which was ferociously suppressed. It was the first of a series of rebellions throughout Europe, both in the towns and the countryside which went on well into the fifteenth century. Popular egalitarian rebellions thus became a