This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The World Health Organisation Essay

2547 words - 10 pages

The World Health Organization

Introduction
============

The World Health Organization (WHO) was established in 1948 to deal
with major health issues of the world. Some of the tasks the
organization looks after are to co-ordinate medical research, monitor
and combat the infectious diseases of the world, and to help
developing countries set up adequate health services. The WHO has over
150 member countries with its headquarters Geneva, Switzerland. The
aim of the WHO is ‘to help people attain the highest possible levels
of health.

The services of the agency may either be advisory or technical[1].
Some services include training of medical personnel, combating disease
outbreaks and epidemics, and publishing a series of technical and
scientific works.

The arrangement of WHO comprises the policymaking organization known
as the World Health Assembly, which consists of representatives of all
member nations and assembles yearly. This further comprises of an
exclusive board of 31 individuals elected by the assembly and a
secretariat, consisting of a director-general and a technical and
administrative staff. The agency has regional organizations for
Southeast Asia, the eastern Mediterranean area, Europe, Africa, the
Americas, and the western Pacific area1.

The WHO and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
====================================================

SARS is the first global epidemic of the 21st century that has shocked
the economic and tourism industries. I have very little knowledge on
epidemics and the SARS virus, therefore this is my chance to gain
awareness on this matter.

The first case of SARS was reported on the 26 of February, 2003, in
Hanoi. However it is now known that SARS had emerged in Guangdong,
China, somewhere in November 2002, affecting over 300 people and
killing 5. The man in Hanoi at first was suffering minor symptoms of
pneumonia, which then multiplied into fever and difficulty in
breathing in less than a week. Since then the disease has spread to
over 13 countries with 8404 reported cases and 779 reported deaths
around the world. The initial ‘hot-zones’ of the SARS virus after
moving out from Guangdong were Hong Kong, Hanoi, Singapore and
Toronto.

The virus initially found a way to successfully spread itself from
person to person. This method was when an infected person went to
hospital; he/she would spread it to the unaware medical team, who in
turn would spread it to their patients. From only a few cases the SARS
virus escalated to 150 reported cases in March, then to 6000 in the
end of April, then 7000 and now 8000.

The WHO, through the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network
(GOARN), is working to track and trace the origins of this disease,
develop precision diagnostics for it, and provide advice on treatment...

Find Another Essay On The World Health Organisation

Polio Eradication by the World Health Organization

886 words - 4 pages How would you feel if someone you know was suffering from a case of the poliovirus? You would feel just terrible watching them suffer, trying to fight in order to hang on. This is what families in Africa, Asia, and parts of Europe are experiencing. They are slowly watching the victims lose the ability to use parts of their body. Luckily, the World Health Organization (the WHO) is in the process of eradicating this awfully, gruesome disease that

Outline the development of the World Trade Organisation and critically evaluate its role in the twenty first century

1261 words - 5 pages The World Trade Organisation (WTO) came into being on the 1st January 1995. It is based in Geneva, Switzerland and was created by the Uruguay Round negotiations. It is the successor to the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) established in the wake of the Second World War. While the WTO is still young, the trading system that was originally set up under GATT is already 55 years old. With 144 member countries, the WTO has six main

A Comparison of Health Systems Around the World

1798 words - 7 pages Health care systems are highly complex and require vast resources. Moreover, providing healthcare coverage to all citizens can be challenging for many countries. Different models and theories abound all over the world about how best to provide care and only the most developed countries have adequate resources to truly provide universal coverage to their citizens. Looking at various systems around the world and how they came into existence

Iron Deficiency: A Major Health Issue in the World

2538 words - 11 pages Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for all living organisms, including human beings, but it is not readily available. Consequently, Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major threat to the health and development of the human populations in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) has estimated that nearly 3.7 billion people are iron deficient, with 2 billion of these being anemic (WHO, 2007). Iron deficiency is most prevalent in south Asian

"China's entry into the World Trade Organisation in 2001 has substantially lowered the risks for MNEs competing with Chinese firms now."

1750 words - 7 pages $1703, rose nearly 20%.On December 11, 2001, China finally completed fifteen years of negotiations and became the 143rd member of the World Trade Organisation (WTO). The WTO is a powerful international organisation which enforces agreements on reducing trade protection. It is also the most important multilateral trade treaty governing the rules of world trade. Its objectives include settling trade disputes, reviewing national trade policies

Differences in Childhood Mental Health Throughout the World

3077 words - 13 pages Developmental psychopathology is the study of behavioural health and adaptation in a context of development (Masten, 2006). The study indicates when behaviour diverts from normal and goes wrong and is also aimed at providing a clear understanding of developmental disorders and mental health problems in childhood and adolescence putting into consideration, differences that exist in developmental stages as they concern various countries. For

Primary Health Care and Health Promotion

834 words - 4 pages Primary Health Care (PHC) and Health Promotion are important for a quality health care system to allow equity, social justice and empowerment. To explore Primary Health Care and Health Promotion and its value within the health care system, one must first distinguish what health is. There are many varying opinions of health depending on personal context, although the most commonly referred to definition is from the World Health Organisation (WHO

Case Study on Mayne Nickless

1301 words - 5 pages invested in pharmaceuticals and bid for the South Australian pharmaceutical company F.H. Faulding who specialised in manufacturing and distributing injectable drug.In today's business world, each organisation is unique; therefore each organisational culture will be different. Davidson &Griffin (2006, p.88) suggests that the culture of organisation is the set of values that helps its stakeholders understand what the organisation stands for, how

Working in Organisations... Age Concern

2555 words - 10 pages developing and promoting health and well-being initiatives that help older people live healthy and active lives, challenging discrimination, promoting good practice, providing community involvement and information dissemination. Furthermore the organisation has set several priorities, which include a quality service, effective influencing and effective infrastructures. Age Concern is a dominant contributor in the social welfare and health care sector for

Diverse recruitment in organisations

2082 words - 9 pages P1 Into The only thing we all have in common, is that we are different. GLobalisation has been sweeping the world since the early 1990s. The rise of technology has allowed us to connect with people all over the world. In leaps and bounds, technology has brought everyone on earth closer, creating a global village, where you can speak to someone through a computer, instantaneously, as if you were face to face with them. Populations have begun to

The purpose and intent of the League of Nations - Essay

540 words - 2 pages problems and maintaining harmony and a close relationship among all countries. The main intention of the league was to prevent another war of the likes of the First World War. The league had other more humanitarian intents in the introduction of many new systems to cope with problems such as health care and employment. The basis of the League of Nations was that it was an internationalist organisation and it was unbiased for or against any nation. The league aimed to be a fair and respected organisation. We can see these qualities and these intentions through the work the league carried out while it was operating.

Similar Essays

The World Health Organisation Essay

878 words - 4 pages The World Health Organisation Founded in 1948, the World Health Organization leads the world alliance for health for all. A specialized agency of the United Nations with 191 Member Sates, WHO promotes technical cooperation for health among nations, carries out programmes to control and eradicate disease, and strives to improve the quality of human life. WHO has four main functions: * to give worldwide guidance

World Trade Organisation And The Cancun Negotiations

1689 words - 7 pages Introduction.In this essay on the World Trade Organisation and the Cancun round of negotiations, there will be a discussion on the advantages as well as the disadvantages of free trade in the global economy and there will also be looked at a defenition for the WTO. Furthermore, this essay will also focus on the reasons why the Cancun ministerial round of discussions had collapsed.World Trade Organisation.The World Trade Organisation ( 9 years

The World Health Organization Essay

1426 words - 6 pages The World Health Organization (WHO) is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing guidance on global health matters, modeling the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and observing and assessing health trends (World Health Organization). According to WHO, health is defined

The World Health Organization's Dealing With Smallpox

1387 words - 6 pages problem. Eradicating smallpox was easily achieved, because humans are the only reservoir for the disease. The World Health Organization (WHO) initiated a team of people to aid in setting up surveillance and containment in countries. A recognizable decrease in its incidence was not seen until the 19th century when vaccination became a universal practice (Wikipedia, 2010). The last endemic case of smallpox was found in Somalia in 1977. In May 1980