The World's Least Liveable Countries: Yemen A Report On How Its Infrastructure, Geography, Culture Effect It's Economy And Solutions To The Limitations

1562 words - 6 pages

[ My teacher was kind of a sap, that explans the ridiculously high mark ]Yemen is 527,970 square kilometres in area, approximately 9.5% of that land is arable. Yemen has no bodies of water within itself and has 1,906 kilometres of coastline. Yemen rests on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula. Its neighbouring countries are Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the east. A large part of the border between Yemen and Saudi Arabia has not yet been officially defined. To the west lies the Red Sea and to the south lies the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Aden. Yemen also includes several islands, the largest being Socotra in the Arabian Sea and Kamaran in the Red Sea.The total population is estimated at 20,727,063 people with a growth rate of 3.45%. The average population density is about 39 inhabitants/km2. That figure does not tell the truth however, because in western part of the country with the mountainous highlands and significant amount of rainfall, the density can reach up to 300 inhabitants/km"; while in eastern part of the country with its hostile deserts, the density is less than 5 inhabitants/km". People in the highlands enjoy chewing on "Qat", a plant leaf that provides a suitable high. "The chew" is a daily ritual for the majority of adults in Yemen. People in the lowlands do not chew since the climate is too hot for Qat cultivation. Although Yemen does have oil, it does not have the abundance that is shared by countries in its vicinity. It exports 370,300 barrels of oil a day. Other key components of Yemen's economy are fish, rock salt, marble, small deposits of coal, gold, lead, nickel, copper and agriculture. Yemen has a serious lack of potable water for its people, and grave issues of overgrazing, soil erosion and desertification.The history of Yemen is one riddled with wars. In 1962 a civil war erupted between royalist forces, supported by Saudi Arabia, and republican forces, supported by Egypt. Yemen Arab Republic (YAR or North Yemen) and the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen (PDRY or South Yemen) were formed in 1967. In 1971 the YAR and the PDRY broke out into fighting, the YAR being supplied by the Saudi Arabians and the PDRY being supplied by the Soviet Union. A cease-fire was arranged, but in 1979 defected YAR politicians formed the National Democratic Front (NDF) and joined with the PDRY. They began revolt but the Arab League stepped in and arranged for a meeting between the PDRY and the YAR. These meetings came to an end in 1981 when both sides signed a draft constitution for a unified Yemen state and established a joint YAR/PDRY Yemen Council to monitor progress towards the unification. On May 22 1990, North and South Yemen were officially united. In 1994 another civil war broke loose with fighting between secessionists from the south and Yemen's northern-based government - the war was won by the north. In 2001 Yemen lent its name to the U.S 'war on terror' and subsequently received aid and possible economic ties with...

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