This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Environmental Implications Of Political And Economic Reform In Communist China

2477 words - 10 pages

Within the last decade, much of the world has seen an increase in the amount of concern for the Chinese economy and its freight train like behavior. With the rapid democratization of said economy, many people are also becoming more and more aware of the state of their environment as well (and the relationship between the two). Is this a cause for concern? In short, yes, as in a country which bolsters almost a quarter of the world's population, speedy, large scale, and often unregulated development will obviously have dire consequences for their natural environment. However, recent economic reform isn't solely to blame for the massive environmental degradation which China is experiencing. A long history of political negligence and disregard for environmental policy and practice are also a key contributor to the recent state of unrest. In recent years however, the question of equilibrium has been raised. Can a country with such an overzealous population possibly find a balance point between their desired modernization and utilization of natural resources? And if so, what roles would both the communist political body and various economic entities have to play? This paper seeks to examine the state of the environment within China as it has existed for years under such authoritarian rule and at the same time, address a number of crucial variables (social, economic, and political) which will be of key importance for impeding the process of environmental degradation.To date, the environmental dilemmas facing China are not simply of regional concern, but have found themselves to be of great concern to the rest of the world. With almost every discussion of global environmental issues relating at some point to China, they have become a focal point of much environmental distress. Home to approximately 16 of the 20 most polluted cities in the world, China suffers from environmental degradation on a countless number of fronts and the likes of which the world has never seen. The loss of biodiversity among a countless number of lakes and streams; industrial emissions choking the majority of Chinese citizenry; massive deforestation (over centuries) resulting in a quarter of the land being turned into desert; these are only a handful of the problems which China is forced to contend with.Of air quality, China boasts some of the lowest standards in the world. A chief producer of greenhouse emissions, China's price for slack environmental regulation and policy enforcement are suffered not only by them, but by many neighboring countries as well. With the rapid implementation and erection of power plants throughout China (in an effort to feed the needs of a modernizing state), it is of no wonder why we find them as the second leading emitter of CO2 emissions (just behind that of the United States, and expected to surpass by 2025). Of these power plants, there is also an overwhelming tendency to implement aged and non-efficient technology (coal burning) which comes at...

Find Another Essay On The Environmental Implications of Political and Economic Reform in Communist China

Discuss the ethical, political and practice implications on accountability in nursing as a result of the current economic climate and recent cuts in health care spending

3588 words - 14 pages profession requires adequately trained staff that will be able to adapt to continuously changing demands and challenges.ConclusionsThis essay has discussed recent economic climate in healthcare system and the importance of accountability in nursing. Ethical, political and practice implications in relation to recent economic climate and proposed cuts to healthcare spending in association with accountability in nursing has been analysed.It can be

Chinese Economic Reform under Communist Rule

4627 words - 19 pages gross output value of industry and agriculture increased by 810 percent and national income grew by 420 percent [between 1952 and 1980] ... average individual income increased by only 100 percent' (Ma Hong quoted in Shirk 28). However, attempts at economic reform in China were introduced not only due to some kind of generosity on the part of the Chinese Communist Party to increase the populace's living standards. It had become clear to members

Economic and Political Strategies of China versus Japan

1069 words - 4 pages countries during 1500 – 1800. The state was identified as family. It brought unity and integration. The political system was an expanded role of Confucianism. From 1500 – 1800, China was the most highly commercialized non-industrial society in the world. China had what is known as the perfected late imperial system. The two Dynasties that ruled China during this time period were Ming (1368 – 1644) and Ch’ing (1644 – 1911). They both had the same type of

International Political Economy Essay – China and The New Economic Order

2989 words - 12 pages particular outcome in China, but we must have an open mindin terms ofseeing where itisgoing. Giovanni Arrighi 2009, 84 If the political economy of communication as an academicfield counts the 'blind spot" debate, initiated by Dallas Smythe, as one of the deftning moments in its development, political economyofcommunication as apraxis witnessed a histori- cal encounter of an entirely different nature and magnitude, also initiated by Dallas Smythe, in an

The continuing foreign control over much of china, and ever-increasing influence of Japan doomed china for a state of political and social destress from 1911 to communist victory of 1914

1125 words - 5 pages On January first, 1912 the Republic of China was established, signaling the end of the Manchu-dominated Qing Empire. Sun Yat-sen of the Kuomintang, was proclaimed provisional president of the republic. However, Yuan Shikai, a former Qing general who had defected to the revolutionary cause, soon forced Sun to step aside and took the presidency for himself. For the years to come up until the Communist Victory in 1949, the Country of China was

Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental Influence Analysis for Expanding Business

1113 words - 4 pages Explain why an understanding of the environmental/external (PESTLE) factors is Important for all organizations To run a successful business, it is very important to run a background check on the external environment of that particular industry. PESTLE analysis is widely used to investigate the Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Legal and Environmental influences under expanding businesses. It helps in decision-makings and also to

The Implications of Quasi-Democracy in China

933 words - 4 pages in China even through Communism (40). The elections are a result of the destruction by the decade long Cultural Revolution (Horsley 40). Party leaders hoped to re-establish political and economic stability by allowing villagers to choose leaders and making leaders accountable to their constituents (Horsley 40). This also served as a political maneuver of the Party; by improving the relationship between the villagers and state, the government

The Roots of Communist China

1808 words - 7 pages defeats and lost control of eastern China. Itwas only saved from total hopelessness or defeat by Japan's suicidaldecision to attack the United States and invasion of SoutheasternAsia. But military rescue from Japan brought no significantimprovement in the Kuomintang's domestic performance in the politicaland economic fields, which if anything to get worse. Clearly thepre-Communist history of Modern China has been essentially one ofweakness

Rise in power of the Amun and Amun priesthood and it's political implications [speech]

1108 words - 4 pages Amun began as a minor god of Thebes, whose fortune was linked to that of the local Theban rulers. As they grew in importance so did Amun, eventually reaching the status of "Supreme God." Good morning teachers and fellow students, today I will be speaking to you on the growth in power of Amun and the Amun priesthood, and their political implications. Taylor Ray Ellison tells us that Amun's growth to that of a national god mirrored the growth of

The Social, Political, and Religious Implications of the First Great Awakening in North America

1300 words - 5 pages The Great Awakening of the 1730's and 1740's that took place in the English Colonies in America changed the face of American religion and at the same time led the way for improvement of the educational and political systems of Colonial America. The Great Awakening took place just as the seeds of the Industrial Revolution were being sown on both the European and American continents. It brought a new theatrical aspect to previously stark and often

Communist politics in china and films relationship

849 words - 3 pages Breaking with Old Ideas is a product of Chinese Community Party chairman Mao Zedong's concept of a new world in which all social relationships are transformed. Li Wen-Hua made the film during the last years of the Cultural Revolution in the PRC, People's Republic of China. The film dramatizes the struggle for proletarian control of education at an agricultural college during the Great Leap Forward and makes it clear that the leading party

Similar Essays

China And Economic Reform Essay

4634 words - 19 pages . While the gross output value of industry and agriculture increased by 810 percent and national income grew by 420 percent between 1952 and 1980average individual income increased by only 10 percent Ma Hong quoted in Shirk 28. However, attempts at economic reform in China were introduced not only due to some kind of generosity on the part of the Chinese Communist Party to increase the populace's living standards. It had become clear to members

Social Protests In China And Its Implications On The Autocratic Chinese Communist Party

2931 words - 12 pages fear of persecution; the figure went up when the CCP launched the Hundred Flowers Campaign as people were encouraged to speak up (Chen, 2011). There has been an apparent change in the political environment in China during the Reform Era which encourages popular contention. The transition from the totalitarian to authoritarian regime can be demonstrated by the withdrawal of the Party-state from numerous social and economic areas and the decline of

This Essay Is About China And Economic Reform In China

1075 words - 4 pages aspect of Chinese economic reform was the decision of China to join the world economy. Deng Xiaoping and his allies hoped to effect this 1979 resolution in two ways: by expanding foreign trade, and by encouraging foreign companies to invest in Chinese enterprises. This policy--denoted the "Open Policy" (Shirk 47)--was a drastic removal from the policies of Mao Zedong and, in fact, from centuries of Chinese political culture. The Open Policy, which

The Global Economic And Political Implications Of The South African 2014 General Elections

1549 words - 7 pages describing some of these agreements to further understand South Africa’s political and economic standings abroad. In Appendix B, I discussed South Africa’s biggest export and import partners and their contribution to the South African economy. I concluded that China remains the biggest import and export partner to South Africa. The nature of the trade relationship between South Africa and China is that, China imports natural resources from South Africa