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The Epidemic Of Alcohol Use Disorder (Aud)

2794 words - 11 pages

One of the growing epidemics of young adults in the United States is the dependence and/or abuse of alcohol, which is commonly referred to as alcoholism. The condition is described by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, as an alcohol use disorder (AUD), a type of substance abuse disorder, which encompasses both alcohol abuse and dependence. More specifically AUD is defined as, “medical conditions that doctors can diagnose when a patient’s drinking causes distress or harm (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2007).” When the reliance or use of alcohol interferes with daily functioning, or causes greater harm to the one’s self, it can then be looked at as a disorder. According to the DSM-V, patients must exhibit at least two of the eleven criteria to meet the standard for AUD. Along with a list of eleven criteria, there are some common symptoms of alcoholism, or alcohol use disorders. These symptoms are cravings for alcohol, loss of being able to contain drinking, physical dependence and lastly a tolerance build-up (National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2007). This is a very prevalent mental disorder among adults, but the major concern of this study is the development of AUDs in emerging adults, which are classified by the ages 18-25. According to one study, “18- to 25-year-olds had the highest prevalence of past-year alcohol abuse or dependence, with 19.8% of 18- to 25-year-olds meeting criteria for an AUD (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, 2011).” The dependence and abuse of alcohol of this age group is alarming and has motivated researchers to search for underlying causes of the development of the disorder. Trocmè et al., 2010 previously indicated that patients with maltreatment and AUDs were more susceptible to disorder because abusive parents often have AUDs. The study in review is Goldstein, et al., titled “Childhood Maltreatment, Alcohol Use Disorders and Treatment Utilization in a National Sample of Emerging Adults,” sought out to directly relate AUDs and childhood maltreatment by eliminating certain variables as factors, such as parental history of AUD, noted by the previous study Trocmé et al. 2010. This study primarily focuses on emerging adults because of the high rates among them. The incidence in this age group causes alarm for society because this age period (18-25 years old) is a critical time for development and new responsibilities for individuals. The development of an AUD can be detrimental to a person during this growth period and create problems that can last with a patient for their lifetime, such as failing out of college, or getting fired from their first career job, both of which may result from AUDs. Unfortunately, alcohol plays a primary role in the deaths of many “college age” people, with alcohol being the number one cause of death for individuals in this age group. Trying to uncover possible risk factors for this disorder is considered a...

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