The Equal Pay Act Of 1963 Paper

1567 words - 6 pages

Running Head: The Equal Pay Act of 1963 PaperThe Equal Pay Act of 1963 PaperTeam BUniversity of PhoenixBUS 415Kim RhymesMay 28, 2009The Equal Pay Act of 1963Throughout history, women have been paid less than men have, even when employed in identical jobs. It was generally accepted in the United States that men deserved to earn more money than women do, even if their work was identical. The contemporary mindset was that men were the heads of the households and therefore were the primary income producer in their families. This, of course, was not always so. In many homes, the head of household and sole breadwinner was a woman, for various reasons, ranging from death or disability of a spouse to divorce or single parenthood (DfEE).Regardless, the tradition of the men being the head of household was difficult to change. Even during World War II, when women were then being encouraged to go to work doing the same exact jobs the men did, women received about half the pay the men made. Then, when the men returned from the war, women had to give up their jobs and let the men have them back.Just before World War I, there were attempts made in some states to protect women by instituting minimum wage laws for women workers. However, the Supreme Court declared them unconstitutional in 1963. Then President John F. Kennedy's Commission on the Status of Women recommended that Congress pass a law guaranteeing that women would receive equal pay with men for equal duties performed (The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [TUSEEOC], 1997). On June 10, 1963, the Equal Pay Act was passed by Congress declaring that women and men must receive equal pay for equal work. The Act was intended to prohibit discrimination due to sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce (PageWise, Inc., 2002).The Equal Pay Act states that: "The Congress hereby finds that the existence …. of wage differentials based on sex--(1) depresses wages and living standards for employees necessary for their health and efficiency;(2) prevents the maximum utilization of the available labor resources;(3) tends to cause labor disputes, thereby burdening, affecting, and obstructing commerce;(4) burdens commerce and the free flow of goods in commerce; and (5) constitutes an unfair method of competition" (Equal Opportunities Commission, 2004).Employers found to be in violation of the Act would be required to make up the wage difference to the employee and could pay legal costs and be subject to civil fines of up to $2,500 per violation (Department of Labor State of Illinois [DLSI], 2003).When the Equal Pay Act was passed in 1963, it met with many problems. The Equal Pay Act stipulates that wages cannot be lowered for one sex in order to prevent raising pay for the other. However, some employers continue to argue over what equal work actually is. Some companies even go as far as to change job...

Find Another Essay On The Equal Pay Act of 1963 Paper

The Value Of Performance-Related Pay Essay

1620 words - 6 pages motivator, it may be that even where the direct motivating impact is limited, the use of PRP can act as an important force for wider organizational change. One such example of an organization pertaining to the subject of Performance Related Pay in the employment world is that of Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS). At RBS, every role is illustrated in terms of exact job targets. Each employee’s performance is measured by the manager in a particular way

Equal Education Opportunities Act (EEOA) of 1974: History, Content, and Educational Implications.

3456 words - 14 pages AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to present the history of the Equal Education Opportunities Act (EEOA) of 1974, its content, and its implications for ELL classrooms and learners.Historically, learning opportunities for language minority students have often been limited due to differences between English Language Learners' (ELL) native languages and cultures and the dominant language and culture of the United States and the public schools

The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay All

1220 words - 5 pages In the article entitled "The Uses of Poverty: The Poor Pay All," sociologist Herbert J. Gans discusses the strange alliance between the poor and the wealthy in American society. He states that the underprivileged in essence have kept several vocations in existence such as social work, criminology, and journalism. These vocations serve the double pretense of aiding the less fortunate and protecting society from these same individuals. He compares

Private and Public Sectors: The History of Severance Pay

1224 words - 5 pages rather than value of the executive compensation. In my report I support my findings of several researchers: (Tafkov, 2009), (Reda & Schmidt, 2014), and (Clausen, 1999). Researcher findings from James Reda and David Schmidt based on severance considerations and the history of severance pay. The History of Severance Pay goes back to more than 60 years. According to James Reda and David Schmidt “it is very uncommon for CEOs to have agreements

The Struggle of Women Trying to be Equal to Men

1000 words - 4 pages The Struggle of Women Trying to be Equal to Men Throughout many decades women have been struggling to be equal to men, both at home and in the work place. Women have come a long way and are certainly fighting to gain that equality, but gender roles are very important in our society. They have become important in life from birth, and society continues to push these gender roles. The treatment of the male gender is very different from that of

All People are Equal Within the World of Work

741 words - 3 pages All People are Equal Within the World of Work I do not agree with the statement at all, allthough in a right normal world of work, it should be true. Many people often judge people by thier appearence, or past experience. It could be anything, discriminating someone is easilly done. And its often simple things like hair styles or piercings, disability or gender than can stop you from working where you want to

Explanation of the Nature of the Cold War from 1945-1963, including reference to the part played by John F. Kennedy.

3964 words - 16 pages , with the intention being that if the USSR fired upon a plane using an agreed safe 'air corridor' that it could be considered an act of war. During this time the USSR managed to complete a huge build up of 40 Divisions in Eastern Germany, and although tension remained high, war did not break out. Throughout the airlift, the planes kept coming despite weather and despite incidents, eventually in May of 1949 they prevailed and blockade was

Risking it all for the things we long for... - A Compare/Contrast essay on Thomas Merton and Langston Hughes and their works regarding the Birmingham Bombings of 1963.

1415 words - 6 pages emotional anchor for Hughes. Reading through you can imagine the anger with which the poem is being written. It is as if Langston is mercilessly beating the enemy with the memory of these four girls who were slain in this devilish act. As if desperate to blame someone, Hughes turns to the inventors of the killing device: the Chinese. Hughes gives readers a history lesson, using lines nine through fourteen, on dynamite. He tells that China produced

The Stamp Act of 1765

748 words - 3 pages , protecting, and securing the same…” (para. 1). In taxing the colonies by way of the Stamp Act, Britain attempted to assert their control and authority over the colonists by making them pay taxes simply for having the protection of Britain. The Stamp Act covered many aspects of printed materials, and the paper had to have an embossed revenue stamp that came from London, England (Ivester, 2009). The Stamp Act itself contained strict penalties and

The Stamp Act of 1765

1244 words - 5 pages The Stamp Act of 1765 was the beginning of the revolution for the colonies of North America. When the Stamp Act was passed by the British Parliament, it required American colonists to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. This included ship’s papers, legal documents, licenses, newspapers, and even playing cards. However, in the past, taxes and duties on colonial trade had always been viewed as measure to regulate commerce but not

Applying the Act of Parliament

3017 words - 12 pages of employees, especially female workers. For example in R v Secretary of State for Employment ex parte Equal Opportunities Commission (1994) the House of Lords found that parts of the Employment Protection (Consolidation) Act 1978 were incompatible with EC law on equal treatment for male and female employees, because the Act gave part-time workers fewer rights than full-timers. Since most part-time workers were women

Similar Essays

The Equal Pay Act Of 1963

1533 words - 6 pages performed (The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission [TUSEEOC], 1997). On June 10, 1963, the Equal Pay Act was passed by Congress declaring that women and men must receive equal pay for equal work. The Act was intended to prohibit discrimination due to sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce (PageWise, Inc., 2002).The Equal Pay Act states that:"The Congress hereby finds that the

Equal Pay Act Essay

2424 words - 10 pages Equal Pay by going to a library to search more about it. Chapter 3: The Library      When Sue arrives at the library she begins her search. She finds out that the federal Equal Pay act has been on the books for nearly 40 years however it is little known and underutilized. The Equal Pay Act of 1963 has great potential to redress wage discrimination because it says comparable work and responsibility require equal pay

The Canadian Pay Equity Act Essay

1418 words - 6 pages Legislation in Ontario and why they are good for the workplace The first legislation I am going to be talking about is the Pay Equity Act. The act was passed in order to restore sex-based wage discrimination in Ontario workplaces. The Equity Act applies to all public sector employees and private. In general the act identifies the rate of pay by comparing payment to female job classes with those paid to male job classes of similar value. In non

The Myth Of Equal Education Essay

1700 words - 7 pages America is often enamored of itself as the champion of equality in every aspect of its society; however, this is often not the case. This is true in every aspect of life, but is very evident specifically in the American education system. Although America claims to give an equal education to all, regardless of any external factors, economic class often plays a role in what type and how good of an education a student may receive. Since education