The Difference Between Philosophy And Religion (Reason And Faith)

2137 words - 9 pages

Morality and ReligionIntroductionThe issue I intend to tackle in this assignment is the relationship between morality and religion. I will basically explain whether morality depend on religion. It is a common belief among many people that morality and religion are inseparable. Others believe that if any distinction between morality and religion is to be made, then morality can be understood only in the context of religion. This thought about religion occupies most of the people who lean to some beings that are beyond human grasp. I will discuss Divine Command Theory in order to elaborate the view of religion on morality. I will then explain the strengths and weaknesses of religion with regard to human conduct, and finally, I will show how far it goes in solving human conflicts.Religion outlineReligious experiences differ widely in different persons, but they present certain common features that can enable religion to be discussed universally. The predominant feature of any religion is the portrait of a deity in terms of either God or gods. 'Religion is the experience constituted by those thoughts, feelings, and actions which spring from man's sense of dependence upon the power or powers controlling the universe, and which have as their center of interest the cosmic fortune of values.' (Everett 1918: 382). Judaism and Christianity for instance, believe that the world was created by a loving and all-powerful God.Pointing out a few comparisons between morality and religion will explain why many people think that morality and religion are inseparable.Both religion and morality aim at establishing principles concerning right and wrong or good and bad behaviour of people. Consequently, both morality and religion form a unified code of society by which the people involved can judge right and wrong act.Morality and religion are seen to be two phases of the same thing in the subject; the individual is moral in so far as his willing and acting strive after perfection, pious in so far as his feelings, his faith, and his hopes, are inspired with the image of the highest. (Paulsen F., 1899: 419).Generally speaking, religion involves sacrifices, abstinence of certain pleasures, and restriction of desires. Acts of worship express submission of the individual's will to a higher or more powerful being (God or the gods). Humility wins the favour of God or the gods, while insolence provokes wrath. On the other hand, it is true with morality; it limits and binds the individual's will in some way, and emphasizes submission to the moral code or customs of the involved society. Insolence with regard to morality is a violation of the code guiding ethical moral conduct.While both morality and religion aim at establishing beliefs or customs to discipline and tame man's passions, the approach by which both arrive at these beliefs differ: religion points out to the deity of which the available evidence cannot prove. In contrast, morality approaches human conduct from a less...

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