The Establishment Of Apartheid Essay

1027 words - 5 pages

Apartheid was a system of separation of the races both politically and socially in South Africa in the second half of the twentieth century. This system was said to be one of the last examples of institutionalized racism, and has been almost universally criticized. These Apartheid rules and restrictions were put in place by the National Party which had power over South Africa during this time period. The purpose of Apartheid legislation was to bring the Afrikaner ethnic group to a higher power in South Africa, and accomplished just that. The Afrikaner group was made up of descendants from Dutch colonists who settled in South Africa in order to make a refreshment station, a sort of rest stop, for the Dutch East India Company. The longer people stayed in Africa, the more they started to associate with it as their home. With the enslavement of many Africans, it is easy to see how these Afrikaners would associate themselves as above them and would feel entitled to power over them. This entitlement it how Apartheid rules were born.
The Afrikaner ethnic group is an odd one looking at them from a glance. A predominantly white ethnicity, originating in South Africa, which speaks a form of German. This oddity was created by the Dutch East India Company, a side effect of one of their ventures. The Dutch East India Company was opening trade with the Asiatic countries; however a straight trip there would most likely result in many deaths on the sea from the length of the trip, and the poor conditions that occur. What was needed was a refreshment station. A refreshment station was a place that ships could dock at and allow their sailors to rest at. Generally fresh fruit would be kept at these stations, and many other foods would be grown so as to bring the sailors back into good health. What started as a small outpost blossomed into a full blown colony with a culture all its own. This colony thrived in the beginning as a farming colony as many do, and during this time slavery was a main driving force in their agriculture, however that would change soon. After having over 150 years to set this colony up, the British gained control of South Africa in 1795. This was bad news for the settlers here, as much of their agricultural system relied on the use of slaves, and this had been recently outlawed by Britain. Due to many factors, not the least of which was the abolition of slavery, the Afrikaners, or Bohrs as they came to be called, marched North trying to find a better place to settle. While fighting with indigenous people occurred, eventually the Afrikaners were able to take control of two main territories, the Transvaal Republic, and the Orange Free State. These two areas went back to doing what the Afrikaners originally did and farmed their states until the late 1800s, at which point gold was discovered on these lands. When the British found out what a precious resource was on these lands, they went after it, it is what they wanted. After the British...

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