The Establishment Of The English Colonies In America

1169 words - 5 pages

The English colonies in America were established for a variety of reasons including economic and religious factors. Other reasons for colonization include the desire to expand the British Empire, establishing order, protecting colonies and to rehabilitate debtors.Religious factors that contributed to the establishment of the English colonies occurred in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania and Maryland.In England, due to Henry VIII 's action upon breaking his ties with the Roman Catholic Church and making himself head of the Church of England, it stimulated religious reformers into carry out purification of English Christianity. These religious reformers, known as Puritans wanted to reform the Church of England from within. Therefore, in 1629, Puritans secured a royal charter to form the Massachusetts Bay Colony. They proposed to establish a settlement in the Massachusetts area, where Boston would become the core of Puritan society. The Puritans didn't want to separate from the Church of England, but rather separate from its impurities.In Rhode Island, people such as Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson challenged the Church of England as well as Puritan beliefs. Anne Hutchinson argues that people had the ability to talk to God, and that it was unnecessary to go to Church as well as reading the Bible. Roger Williams, also with radical ideas, questions whether the government had the right to regulate religious behavior. Also, he pursued people to make a clean break from the Church of England. In Rhode Island, Williams established a Baptist church, with freedom of religion. He encouraged no taxes to support a state church as well as no oaths regarding religious beliefs. Rhode Island was the shelter for banished religious rebels and the religious tolerance made Rhode Island more liberal than any other of the English settlements.In Connecticut, Reverend Thomas Hooker establishes Hartford, claiming that Massachusetts doesn't have enough religious background. Another Puritan community, who planned to set up an even closer church-government alliance than Massachusetts, established themselves in New Haven.In the mid-1600s, Quakers, known for their trembling under religious emotion, were not respected by the English. They refused to support the Church of England; they built their on meetinghouses and congregated without a paid clergy. William Penn, born as an Englishman, became involved in the Quaker faith. Although he was despised by many of his fellow Englishman, he embraced the faith and suffered persecution. At that time, many Quakers were persecuted through fines, cruel treatment, and being sent to prison. Therefore, Pennsylvania was created by William Penn, which was to establish a refuge for Quakers in the New World and at the same time, experiment liberal ideas and make profits.Finally, Maryland was established as a refuse for Catholics. Protestant England was continuing Roman Catholic persecutions as well as discriminations such...

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