This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Ethical Controversy Of A Nurse`s Role In Harm Reduction

1154 words - 5 pages

Harm reduction can be defined as an approach that aims to reduce the consequences of high risk behaviours such as injection drug use on the individual and on society as a whole. Harm reduction programs provide injection drug users with access to a clean injection environment, sterile injections, drug-preparation equipment and safe disposal of contaminated material at the time of injection. Staff members in harm reduction facilities provide health teaching, anonymous HIV testing, information on addiction treatment, condoms and assist in connecting clients to social and health services (Semaan et al., 2011; Ball, 2007). Although, the benefits of harm reduction are evident through reduction of accidental drug overdose and prevention of disease spread, some argue that a more conservative approach such as abstinence based approaches should be enforced. In this paper, I will discuss the controversy surrounding harm reduction clinics and its adherence to the Canadian Nurses Code of Ethics. In my opinion harm reduction programs provide an effective and ethical solution to the immense harm that result from the engagement in high risk behaviours.
Accidental drug overdose is one of the many extremely detrimental risks associated with injection drug use. According to a study by Marshall (2003) that analyzed death rates of injection drug users before and after the opening of a safe injection facility in Vancouver demonstrated the facility`s effectiveness through a comparison of the rates of fatal overdose before and after in the area of the clinic to rates before and after in another part of the city that the facility was not accessible. This study revealed that the fatal overdose rate in the area of the facility decreased by 35% after the opening whereas declined by only 9.3% in the other areas of the city (Marshall, 2011). Harm reduction programs such as safe injection sights prevent mortality from injection drug use by identifying factors that increase risk of mortality and educating the population about unsafe practices including use of drugs when alone , mixing of substances, not calling for emergency assistance in the event of overdose, unpredictable effects of using drugs following periods of abstinence or reduced use, and not sampling or checking drugs for lacing before injecting. Staff also provide emergency response when needed immediately, and may call for support from ambulance personnel in more severe cases. Emergency responses include providing oxygen and in cases of an overdose sometimes administer an opiate antagonist (Kerr, 2007).
Sharing of needles used by injection drug users contributes heavily to the spread of blood-borne diseases, accounting for almost one third of new HIV infections outside sub-Saharan Africa (Ball, 2007). Various studies support that blood-borne disease transmission and contraction are strongly linked to injection drug use. A study conducted by Semaan et al. that analyzed data of 10,301 persons who inject drugs...

Find Another Essay On The Ethical Controversy of a Nurse`s Role in Harm Reduction

The Role of the Community Health Nurse

973 words - 4 pages community’s health needs; it is necessary for the community health nurse to participate and take an active role in the planning, implementation and the evaluation of the health care plan. References Kulbok, P. A., Thatcher, E., Park, E., & Meszaros, P. S. (2012, May, 31). Evolving public health nursing roles: focus on community participatory health promotion and prevention. The Online

The Role of the AD Nurse

814 words - 4 pages The role of the AD nurse encompasses many areas and requires multiple skills. The AD nurse incorporates many techniques in order to provide holistic care for the patient and that of the patient’s family. As an AD nurse you are at the front line of patient care and must demonstrate patience, skill, knowledge, compassion, and respect in all that you do. To be a good nurse you must continue to actively learn in order to provide the most current

The Role of the Family Nurse Practitioner

1647 words - 7 pages & Way, 2006, p. 381). The key to a successful healthcare reformation is interdisciplinary collaboration between Family Nurse Practitioners (FNPs) and physicians. The purpose of this paper is to review the established role of the FNP, appreciate the anticipated paradigm shift in healthcare between FNPs and primary care physicians, and recognize the potential associated benefits and complications that may ensue. Description of the Topic

The idea of human cloning has brought a lot of controversy and ethical questions. - English - Essay

1347 words - 6 pages Teran Fernando Ms. Josephson English Transactional 40s March 17th, 2016 Word Count: Cloning Will Bring Chaos to the Future Society Cloning has been a controversial issue ever since scientists cloned the first mammal, a sheep named Dolly, in 1996. Cloning technology has since been progressing rapidly, and methods used to clone Dolly the sheep has made it possible to clone humans as well. This idea of human cloning has brought a lot of controversy

Is Harm Reduction a Desirable National Drug Control Policy Goal?

2846 words - 11 pages emerged in Amsterdam in the 1980's in response to mounting heath issues directly related to the use of drugs. Professor MacCoun illustrates that harm reduction is not a program that has been proven effective in the war on drugs, being constantly rejected as a viable option to present drug enforcement policy by the United States government. Professor MacCoun illustrates however that the policies that the U.S. presently has in place has failed in its

Reducing the Harm of America?s Drug Problem

2501 words - 10 pages personal and societal) of drug use, our country will finally be able to make significant steps forward in our drug problem. This approach is known as harm reduction.      Harm reduction is a multi-faceted philosophy that includes various strategies to help lessen the negative impact of drug abuse on our society. These negative impacts include death, disease, suffering and crime. One of the basic assumptions which harm reduction

A Look in the Eye of a Nurse Practitioner

1522 words - 7 pages A Look in the Eye of a Nurse Practitioner “To do what nobody else will do, a way that nobody else can do, in spite of all we go through; is to be a nurse.”- Rawsi Williams “Nurses help individuals, families, and groups to achieve health and prevent disease, and they care for the sick and injured, using procedures based on knowledgeable, skill, and experience”. I am so fascinated about everything a nurse practitioner gets to experience. I

The Role of the Nurse in Act 3 Scene 5 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

1077 words - 4 pages The Role of the Nurse in Act 3 Scene 5 of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet 'Romeo and Juliet' is a tragic play about love and it's effects. The main protagonists are Romeo and Juliet, a pair of teenagers, that fall in love, who seek help from various adults such as their parents, Friar Lawrence and the Nurse, who all in some way let them down. In this essay I am concentrating on the role of the Nurse and her

The role of the nurse in helping to reduce and prevent levels of alcohol misuse

737 words - 3 pages There are many available topics of discussion in relation to the issues raised in Target 8 of Health 21. This section of the essay will concentrate on the role of the nurse in helping to reduce and prevent levels of alcohol misuse (a topic raised in Target 8). The chosen client group are women in the middle adulthood.Alcohol is a factor in many of the priority health issues that health visitors (including nurses) need to address, including

Different Commentators Define 'Harm Reduction' And 'Harm Minimisation' In Different Ways

2028 words - 8 pages . , 1993). Harm minimisation has been a hallmark of Australia's approach to drugs, giving Australia prominent role in international debates on drug related harm (Single & Rohl, 1997). However the use of the term has changed from its inception with the National Campaign Against Drug Abuse in 1985. This easy will discuss the understanding of the term 'harm reduction' and 'harm minimisation' and the different applications to the drug use arena

The Role and Representation of the Nurse in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet

1162 words - 5 pages The Role and Representation of the Nurse in William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet "Romeo and Juliet" is a tale of love and tragedy written by William Shakespeare, They are star-crossed lovers. "Romeo and Juliet is set in Verona, Italy in the 14th century. Shakespeare often set his plays in the past. A very important point in the play is that there is a family feud between the Montagues and the Capulets, Romeo is a Montague

Similar Essays

Personal Opinion Of The Harm Reduction Model. A Harm Reduction Approach

1554 words - 6 pages for The Concept of Harm Reduction and its Application to Alcohol. The definition is embodied in a statement by Ernst Buning (1993), he states, "If a person is not willing to give up his or her drug use, we should assist them in reducing harm to himself or herself and others"( The second definition is provided by Wodak and Saunders in the editorial introduction to a special issue of Drug and Alcohol Review on harm reduction (1995

The Ethical Controversy Of Gene Therapy

1623 words - 6 pages . Yet, it has aroused considerable public concern because it is perceived by many as an unpredictable technology. The major ethical controversy is whether to alter the natural human genetic structure. Many researchers were successful in curing both the genetic and non-genetic diseases by altering the somatic cells of the individual. It has been accepted as a good practice. The main reason is only the individual in question receives the altered

The History Of Chevron And Ethical Controversy

1678 words - 7 pages Corporation promises to safely provide energy products vital to sustainable economic progress and human advancement all over the globe. Earn the admiration of their stakeholders: investors, customers, governments, communities, managers and our employees. Not only for the goals that Chevron Corporation achieved but how it was achieved. In addition, a promise to deliver world-class energy products. Ethical Dilemma Over the course of three decades

Role Of Nurse Practitioners In Healthcare Organizations

981 words - 4 pages The role of a nurse practitioner has changed and progressed over the time since their inception. Nurse practitioners in today’s environments of hospitals and clinics in treating primary care has expanded. Their roles has expanded that in some states a nurse practitioner can work in a clinic stand-alone without an overseeing physician. Do all states offer these privileges to nurse practitioners some ask and the answer is no. Some states still