This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Ethical Controversy Of Gene Therapy

1623 words - 6 pages

Gene therapy is a technique that uses genes to treat or prevent diseases. It is the process of taking DNA from one organism and inserting it to another. No development in the field of biotechnology has inspired both greater fear and hope in human society than gene therapy. Here is the big question among the people. While this new advancement in gene therapy promotes new hopes to cure life-threatening diseases or help the amputee or physically disabled persons to lead life like a normal human, it also raises questions about morality as well as the adverse effects it may cause in the future society. In our media intensive society, thousands of newspapers and magazines, tv talk shows resound with different points of view about the morality of gene therapy. Proponents of this medical treatment argue that it promises enormous benefits for medicine as well as agriculture and industry. Yet, it has aroused considerable public concern because it is perceived by many as an unpredictable technology.
The major ethical controversy is whether to alter the natural human genetic structure. Many researchers were successful in curing both the genetic and non-genetic diseases by altering the somatic cells of the individual. It has been accepted as a good practice. The main reason is only the individual in question receives the altered somatic cells but it will not pass to his off-spring. Thus it doesn’t change the original genetic structure of that individual. Public debate over the ethics of using gene therapy began after the research of the recombinant DNA technology started in 1960. Many felt that somatic cell gene therapy is merely an extension of conventional therapies posing few ethical problems. Some gene therapies introduce novel ways to produce medical which are now available at high cost. For example, ”SCID due to ADA deficiency can be treated by administration of ADA, but the enzyme is very expensive and must be taken frequently. The same enzyme could be produced by the genetic addition of the ADA gene at the cost of a one-time procedure. Other gene therapies have similarities to transplantation. For example, CF may be treated by providing the patient with normally functioning pulmonary cells. Such cells can be introduced in two ways: by doing a lung transplant, or by genetically altering the patient’s own lung cells so they are not subject to damage by CF genes. The former is an expensive halfway technology that requires ongoing immunosuppression to prevent rejection, and constant alertness to infection that may result from immunosuppression. Gene therapy, on the other hand, would require one treatment to achieve permanent reversal of the CF pathophysiology, with none of the continuing risks of immunosuppression. In producing normal pulmonary cell function, genetic alteration of the patient’s own lung cells seems far less invasive, and is potentially far less costly, than
transplantation.(Robert and George)

Figure 1 Gene therapy used...

Find Another Essay On The Ethical Controversy of Gene Therapy

Genetic Engineering: The History of Gene Therapy

892 words - 4 pages The History of Gene Therapy In today’s society, the demand for perfection is strong. Imagine the possibility that you could choose the traits your child would possess. As technology increases, eventually humans could be able to create the ‘perfect’ child, with a ‘perfect’ behavior by replacing one gene with another. Vision the possibility that diseased or mutated genes could be replaced, ridding the world of hereditary diseases. In

Gene Therapy of Embryos Essay

579 words - 2 pages of killing a life, it makes a life longer. That will reduce a lot of controversy that abortion spurs up a lot. Statistics show that gene therapy is a lot better alternative to abortion. Abortion is favored a lot less than gene therapy is.Gene therapy can help prevent problems in generations to come. Whole generations in the future won't have to worry about the disease. The disease will be completely gone and won't show up in future generations due

Priotities of Gene Therapy

2763 words - 11 pages . Theoretically germ-line gene therapy appears to have more advantages since it aims at preventing a genetic defect from being transmitted to future generations. However, the prospects of germ-line gene therapy look more remote due to many unresolved ethical and social problems as well as technical obstacles. (2) What is presently understood as gene therapy is, mostly, somatic cell gene therapy. By altering the genetic material of somatic cells

The History of Chevron and Ethical Controversy

1678 words - 7 pages Corporation promises to safely provide energy products vital to sustainable economic progress and human advancement all over the globe. Earn the admiration of their stakeholders: investors, customers, governments, communities, managers and our employees. Not only for the goals that Chevron Corporation achieved but how it was achieved. In addition, a promise to deliver world-class energy products. Ethical Dilemma Over the course of three decades

The Debate Over Gene Therapy

850 words - 3 pages . (Bersenev,A., 2008). The most controversial problem of gene therapy is the ethics. The first person who was died from gene therapy clinical trials was an 18-year-old volunteer with OTC named Jesse Gelsinger. After the death of Jesse Gelsinger, the ethical problems of the trial procedure have emerged. Firstly, considerable commercial interest in gene therapy creates conflicts between business decision and medical decision. Genovo, which was run by

Gene Therapy to the Rescue

1521 words - 6 pages proteins to be made is also the use of gene therapy. There are two types of gene therapies: somatic and germ-line. In somatic therapies, viruses are used as a vector to put in genetic material into the cells of the body. In germ-line therapies, sperm or egg cells are used (Association). Gene therapy is not just used in medicine, but also used in improving foods and crops too, such as, “the introduction of gene-spliced, pest-resistant cotton

Implications of and Attitudes toward Gene Therapy

2223 words - 9 pages with gene therapy to try to save the life of a child with thalassemia or Tay Sachs disease if the unsuccessful outcome of the experimentation would be a shortening of the child's life.” Gene therapy’s aim to treat diseases is often interpreted as such or to modify for ‘better’ humans. “The Church of England accepts somatic cell gene therapy, saying there are 'few ethical concerns' with it. They are less enthusiastic about germ line gene therapy

Mechanism of Transfer in Gene Therapy

2068 words - 8 pages in vitro – in controlled environments, which are test tubes in this case. This is so because gene therapy is a new field and has the potential to complicate patients’ conditions even more, and there are ethical concerns. Somatic and germline gene therapy are the two types of gene therapy. Somatic cells are body cells whereas germline cells are sex cells or embryos. Alterations to germline cells allow the changes in defective or undesired cells

Genetic Engineering: Power of Gene Therapy

807 words - 3 pages . Ethical issues were not mentioned when it came to procedures and treatments. With the continuation of research and necessary experimentation, ethical issues should not hinder our discovery of new genes and chemicals that can be used in gene therapy. Gene therapy has potential to treat and even cure diseases such as AIDS, muscular dystrophy, hemophilia B, and different forms of cancer. After reviewing these articles, I have confidence that gene

Advantages and Disadvantages of Gene Therapy

1623 words - 6 pages Considered one of the more controversial up comings in the world of science, it’s hard to ignore what amazing benefits gene therapy has to offer. With many potential treatments aimed to target some rather serious diseases, much support has been gained for the field. Although gene therapy remains at the forefront of change, much discussion has been created due to several potential drawbacks. These drawbacks, however substantial, must not be

Gene Therapy of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)

2118 words - 9 pages Gene Therapy of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Introduction. Leukemia is one of kinds of the blood tumor and which can effect on blood and the bone marrow. This disease is featuring when the white blood cells are increasing unnaturally. There are no a certain age to this disease. The treatment of this disease is dependent on the age of patient and the type of leukemia. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) or β- Cell Chronic lymphocytic

Similar Essays

The Ethics Of Gene Therapy Essay

3041 words - 12 pages altering our God given body is very wrong and sinful. It is not right playing around with Mother Nature, she has created something sacred and it should not be changed. Not being a responsible citizen in finding and sorting through the facts has lead to some of the opposition to gene therapy. No topic in genetics has provoked as much controversy as patent rights to human life forms. The Supreme Court’s 5-4 decision in Diamond v. Chakrabarty

The Potential Power Of Gene Therapy

1736 words - 7 pages will not allow the patients to incur potential harm on themselves knowingly or inadvertently (596). Figure Gene therapy used to cure immunological disorder The major ethical controversy is whether to alter the natural human genetic structure. Many researchers have been successful in curing both genetic and non-genetic diseases by altering the somatic cells of the individual. This type of therapy has been readily

Gene Therapy: The Danger Of Enhancement

3870 words - 15 pages Gene Therapy: the Danger of Enhancement I. Introduction Gene therapy has the potential to revolutionize modern medicine. The techniques of gene therapy are still in their infancy as medical treatments and there are still many problems which must be solved before gene therapy will live up to its potential. However, it is very likely that gene therapy will become a reality at some point in the future and when that time comes, the ethical

The Pros And Cons Of Gene Therapy

2200 words - 9 pages ) The reason why this method is not as often used as in vivo is due to the fact that the patient will then have to undergo two separate surgeries, one to get the tissue, and one to put the fixed tissue back. ( What implications are created by the use of Gene Therapy? There are not many ethical issues associated with somatic gene therapy, but there are a lot when it comes to germ