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The Ethical Issues Of Cloning Essay

2257 words - 10 pages

Cloning has been a controversial topic since the time it was introduced, prompting questions of ethics. Although it has been unintentionally in use for thousands of years, it was first brought about in the 1960’s. As increasing discoveries have been gained since, numerous uncertainties continue to be raised among scientists, politicians, and anyone interested in the issue. While the idea of cloning is intriguing and polarizing, there is a fine like that defines what is and isn’t ethical; it is moral to clone cells for research and plants for agricultural desires, but it is in no way acceptable to clone humans and animals for reproductive reasons.
Even though cloning methods have occurred for an extended period of time, the idea of a clone was never percepted to be realistic until recently. For thousands of years, humans have been cloning plants through asexual propagation. This is simply the process of stem cutting or grafting a mammal was performed in Switzerland nearly 20 years after the carrot plant where mouse cells were cloned. Later, in 1997, Dolly the sheep’s mammary cells were cloned (Lee). This was a major success for science because it was the first time an adult cell was used in which results in a clone of the previous generation of the plant and is still a method used today. It wasn’t until 1958 when modern cloning began with a carrot and in 1964 when scientist John Gurdon started the beginning of animal cell cloning of toad tadpoles, the first successful clone of embryonic cell. After scientists gained a greater knowledge of the process of cloning, they realized that it could possibly be used to benefit the world. In 2001, the first endangered species, the bull gaur, was cloned, and in 1993, human embryos were unsuccessfully cloned (Lee). Due to these experiments, the once fictional concept of bringing back endangered and extinct species and human cloning has now come to be genuinely realistic in the near future.
Although these discoveries are ground breaking, there are many different aspects to put into consideration before one simply agrees or disagrees with any facet of cloning. While there are moral issues in need of permanent outlawing, there are also beneficial attributes that cloning can provide. For example, crop cloning is a process some farmers take advantage of that would be beneficial to practice. First of all, cloning crops for agricultural purposes has been in use for centuries (Nardo). Why fix something that isn’t broken? If it has worked for millions of farmers for such a long period of time, it is apparent that the process of cloning crops is beneficial. In addition to it’s successful history, this is a process that produces more fruits and vegetables today than any other method. The concept of crop propagation produces an especially attractive, saleable, better tasting, and productive stock (Nardo). Also, studies found that it was less expensive to do so as opposed to planting new seeds...

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