The Ethical Principles Of Islam Essay

2279 words - 9 pages

The Ethical Principles of Islam

Most religions have similar ethical principles and beliefs on the
value and nature of human life; however this essay will be focusing on
one religion in particular, Islam.

Islam’s main principles about the human life are quite similar to the
other religions, and the fact that life is sacred. This underpins all
issues dealing with medical ethics such as Abortion and Euthanasia.
Muslims believe that all human life is sacred because it is given by
Allah, and that Allah chooses how long each person will live. Human
beings should not interfere in this, which is why Islam would most
definitely favour sanctity of life over quality of life, as the
Islamic view is based on the very high priority the faith gives to the
sanctity of life. The Qur'an states:

"Whosoever has spared the life of a soul, it is as though he has
spared the life of all people. Whosoever has killed a soul, it is as
though he has murdered all of mankind." (Qur'an 5:32)

It is a manifestation of the dignity of man that Islam has placed an
infinite value on human life. This is expressed in the Qur'an in the
following terms:

“We ordained for the children of Israel that if anyone slew a person,
unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land, it
would be as if he slew the whole of mankind. And if anyone saved a
life, it would be as if he saved the life of a whole people.”
(Al-Ma’ida, 5:32)

If Euthanasia is taken as an example, Islam believes human life is a
value to be respected unconditionally, irrespective of other
circumstances. The concept of a life not worthy of living does not
exist in Islam. Justification of taking life to escape suffering is
not acceptable in Islam. Prophet Mohammad taught: "There was a man in
older times that had an infliction that taxed his patience, so he took
a knife, cut his wrist and bled to death.”

Upon this God said:”My subject hastened his end, I deny him paradise.”

All these teachings are derived from the Holy Book of Islam, The
Qu’ran, which is said to be the word of Allah. There are many other
quotes from the Qu’ran which support the argument of the sacredness of
life.

"If anyone kills a person - unless it be for murder or spreading
mischief in the land- it would be as if he killed the whole people."
(Qur'an 5.32)

"When their time comes they cannot delay it for a single hour nor can
they bring it forward by a single hour." (Qur'an 16.61)

"And no person can ever die except by Allah's leave and at an
appointed term." (Qur'an 3.145)

"Destroy not yourselves. Surely Allah is ever merciful to you."
(Qur'an 4.29)

There is a vast amount of emphasis put on the sacredness of human
life, and how it should be protected at all times, however Islam
permits killing, under very strict circumstances, in a “war”...

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