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The Ethical Side To Embryonic Stem Cell Research

3345 words - 13 pages

What is a clone? The National Bioethics Organisation defines cloning as "the product of creating duplicates of molecules, DNA, cells, tissue and even entire organisms."Human cloning is the process of asexual reproduction of a human during anytime in the patient's life, and if tissue remains, for many years after the patient has deceased. A human clone is defined as an identical replica of a person with a time delay. Although the appearance of the human clone might look the same, due to the environment of the clones upbringing the personality will most likely differ from the original patient that was cloned. Over the past years cloning has been looked at in awe, though as the years have progressed and scientists have slowly uncovered more and more facts about the mysteries of cloning and the benefits of it more and more protest have been aroused against cloning due to the ethics behind it.On July 5th 1996 the ewe named dolly became the first mammal to be successfully cloned from an adult stem cell. She was created at the Roslin Institute in Scotland and lived there until her death nearly seven years later. Scientists did not announce her birth until February 22, 1997, however. The process used to clone Dolly, which was made famous by her birth was somatic cell nuclear transfer, in which the nucleus from one of the donor's non-reproductive cells, is placed into a de-nucleated embryonic cell (which is then coaxed into developing into a fetus). When Dolly was cloned in 1996 from a cell taken from a 6 year old ewe, she became the centre of a controversy that still continues today. April 9th 2002, her stuffing is placed at Edinburgh Royal Museum. In 1999, research was published in the journal Nature, suggesting that Dolly may be susceptible to premature aging, due to shortened telomeres in her cells. It was speculated that these may have been passed on from her parent, who was six years old when the genetic material was taken from her, so that Dolly may have been genetically six years old at birth. Possible signs of this were reported in January, 2002, when Dolly was five years old. She had developed a potentially debilitating form of arthritis at an unusually early age. The arthritis further fueled worry among some that this form of cloning may not be appropriate for mammals, and there is now a consensus both within and outside the scientific community that the unforeseen effects of cloning on the clone suggest that human experiments in reproductive cloning would at this point be highly unethical as well as highly impractical as since the first clone "Dolly" has shown problems with the cloning technique, it has become obvious the mysteries of cloning have not been fully unravelled, and it seems that it will be many years till they will be.Many people have realized from witnessing this experience that human cloning should not be implemented as of yet, until full scientific understanding in this area is not achieved. Other people think that the laws of...

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