This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Ethics Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

2528 words - 10 pages

It is a phrase that inspires awe of the accomplishments of the human race. It is a phrase that inspires fear for the mankind. Artificial intelligence has the potential for great, wondrous things, as well as those that are horrid and terrible. Writers have often played on this fear of other forms of intelligence – this fear of the unknown – and nothing can be worse than being outsmarted and surpassed by one’s own creation. Artificial intelligence, or AI, has the potential to be extremely beneficial to humanity, but there are costs and problems that could arise as a result of it.

Technical Description:

In truth, AI does not necessarily refer to laser wielding robots hell bent on human eradication. “Artificial” is defined as “made by humans; produced rather than natural” and “intelligence” as “the capacity to acquire and apply knowledge” .1 AI itself is referred to as “…the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines.”2 It is the science and engineering of making machines that are equally or even more capable of achieving goals in the world as are humans. There are many different branches and types of AI, each with its own applications and approaches to problems.

Branches/Topics:3

Logical AI: all facts about the situation and the goals are represented in mathematical logical language and the program decides by understanding that certain actions lead to certain results and eventually the goal Search: the program examines a large number of possible actions, understands how to do this more efficiently Pattern Recognition: program makes observations, then compares to patterns Representation: facts about the world are represented in mathematical logic Inference: from some facts, others can be understood Learning from Experience: (based on connectionism and neural nets) programs learn what their “facts and behaviors their can formalisms represent” Planning: given general facts about the world (facts about results of given actions), the situation, and the goal – then form sequence of actions to achieve goal Epistemology: study of the kinds of knowledge that are required to solve problems Ontology: study of exiting objects and their properties Heuristics: way of trying to infer something from within a program (ex: how far from goal) Genetic Programming: technique for solving programs by randomly combining two programs and selecting fittest in each “generation”

Artificial intelligence basically works through one of two methods:4 5

Symbolism or the GOFAI (Good Old Fashioned A I) approach attempts to represent human knowledge and rules about the world as facts and then inputs them into the computer as “symbols”. The symbols can then be manipulated and new ones created. The computer can examine numerous possible manipulations and outcomes. Unfortunately, computer systems such as this lack basic common sense that humans take for granted. The amount of data that...

Find Another Essay On The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence

The Morality and Utility of Artificial Intelligence

4503 words - 18 pages The Morality and Utility of Artificial Intelligence Douglas R. Hofstadter, in his work Gödel, Escher, Bach: An Eternal Golden Braid, remarks that one may contend that Artificial Intelligence is born of a machine’s ability to perform any task that had been previously confined to the domain of humans (601). However, a few sentences later, the author explains Tessler’s “Theorem” of progress in AI: “once some mental function is programmed

The Ethics of Artificial Life Essay

1926 words - 8 pages existing rules, guidelines and structures of biological ethics, by attempting to place each newly created artificial life form somewhere along the scale of intelligence and treating it the same as we would an analogous biological entity. While this is a rather inelegant way of assigning protections and rights to the new life forms, it is no less haphazard and on no less of a case-by-case basis than the method in which we have, to date, assigned

Story of Artificial Intelligence

518 words - 2 pages intelligent machines. However, it wasn't until the development of the electronic computer in 1941 that technology was available to create machine intelligence.The term 'Artificial Intelligence' was first coined in 1956 by an influential figure in the field, John McCarthy. He organised a two month workshop at Dartmouth college bringing together researchers interested in neural networks and the study of intelligence. Although this workshop did not

Review of The Age of Spiritual Machines and Artificial Intelligence

2030 words - 8 pages , is far more intelligent than its creator. And so, too, will the intelligence that we are creating come to exceed the intelligence of its creator; the Law of Accelerating Returns predicts it.Alan Turing, a British mathematician who helped crack Germany's Enigma code during World War II, was on the forefront of artificial intelligence. He devised a test, duly called the Turing Test, in which a human judge interviews both a computer and one or more

New Age of Artificial Intelligence

834 words - 3 pages and feeling like a human. As of now robots can perform simple automated tasks to make everyday life easier, but they have yet to think like a human. Today's computer scientists and robotic engineers are creating robots capable of advanced human thinking.Robots are evolving to think with the help of artificial intelligence. Take the Rubiks cube for example, many humans struggle to solve the cubical puzzle, and some never complete it. The Rubot II

Artificial Intelligence in the Arts

2224 words - 9 pages Throughout the semester, we have intensively studied how computer science relates to the world around us, through video games, database systems, and artificial intelligence. But what we have not discussed is how all of these subjects in computer science, like pep8, pseudo code, gates and circuits, relate to our artistic world; dance, music, and live theatre. Listening to a piece of music, or as an audience member watching a dance or theatre

The Debate Over Artificial Intelligence

1521 words - 6 pages The Debate Over Artificial Intelligence   Can machines think? Or rather, can we develop true artificial intelligence in the sense of machines that think and understand as we humans do? This is an interesting problem that is becoming more and more relevant in our lives as computers become more complex and integral to our lives. Two articles, John Searle's "Minds, Brains, and Programs" and William Lycan's "Robots and Minds", present two

The Prospects of Artificial Intelligence: Science Fiction or Reality?

2638 words - 11 pages The Prospects of Artificial Intelligence: Science Fiction or Reality? The final scene from Kubrick’s 2001 Space Odyssey in which a supercomputer that runs the entire space shuttle begs the main character not to unplug him because it hurts him, is so vivid and at the same time amazingly frightening. The idea that humans will be able to build true artificial replicas of themselves has been consequently appealing to human vanity and has been alive

Programming the Game of Go with Artificial Intelligence (AI)

2140 words - 9 pages Programming the Game of Go with Artificial Intelligence (AI) Introduction The game of Go is an ancient board game which until recently has resisted attempts to automate Go game playing moves by computer. This document will investigate the use of Artificial Intelligence to aid the construction of a Go playing program. Also, this document will examine the latest thinking in AI, applying where such thinking might aid a computer program to play

The problems with artificial intelligence - Essay

3104 words - 13 pages Introduction Artificial intelligence is the area of science that focuses upon creating machines that have the ability to behave more intelligently than human beings. The potential to develop intelligent machines has fascinated human beings for several centuries. The introduction of computers and over 50 years of research in techniques of artificial intelligence programming have led people to believe that the dream of such smart capabilities

Scope of Artificial Intelligence - Personal - Essay

4940 words - 20 pages Key Findings The vast majority of respondents to the 2014 Future of the Internet canvassing anticipate that robotics and artificial intelligence will permeate wide segments of daily life by 2025, with huge implications for a range of industries such as health care, transport and logistics, customer service, and home maintenance. But even as they are largely consistent in their predictions for the evolution of technology itself, they are deeply

Similar Essays

The Rise Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

2952 words - 12 pages taken over with great success. The rate of advancement may seem fast to the average person, but the technology is generally being put to good use and is not out of control. Continued research into AI technologies and business as well as society could continue to benefit (aaai.org, 2010).The debate about the ethics of AI rages on as research into the world of Artificial Intelligence uncovers new findings. The first main concern is that, eventually

The Era Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

1181 words - 5 pages The era of Artificial Intelligence is upon us, the rising technology within the AI field is quickly becoming one of the largest technological fields within the technology industry. The rise of AI is so prevalent that even basic AI within devices today now seems commonplace; the introduction of AI like Siri on the IPhone seems trivial yet is a prime example of how prevalent the technology of Artificial Intelligence is becoming. The rise of AI

The Controversy Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

1495 words - 6 pages Throughout its history, artificial intelligence has always been a topic with much controversy. Should human intelligence be mimicked? If so, are there ethical bounds on what computers should be programmed to do? These are a couple of question that surround the artificial intelligence controversy. This paper will discuss the pros and cons of artificial intelligence so that you will be able to make an educated decision on the issue.What is

The Failure Of Artificial Intelligence Essay

1352 words - 5 pages The reality of AI, or artificial intelligence, is generally regarded to be a teleological fait accompli: sooner or later, they argue, computers will actually think. Of course, with the backing of many a member of MIT's Media Lab and corporate IT departments anywhere, this conclusion is unquestionable. I would here like to avoid downplaying the great strides made in recent years by computer technologists in promoting this evolutionary vision. But