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The Ethics Of Cloning Essay

1717 words - 7 pages

According to Richard Dawkins “Cloning may be good and it may be bad. Probably it's a bit of both. The question must not be greeted with reflex hysteria but decided quietly, soberly and on its own merits. We need less emotion and more thought” (Dawkins, 2011). Cloning is a general term used to describe the replication of biological material (Cloning Fact Sheet, 2009). Throughout this paper the reasoning behind why cloning is an acceptable and potentially life changing science will be examined. Along with this we will take a close look at the arguments against cloning and exploring the flaws within the argument. This will affirm that cloning is useful because it cures diseases, passes on genes, and repopulates endangered species.
In order to have a legitimate argument for the reasoning why cloning is or is not acceptable it is important first to be understand what exactly the topic is about. The first thing that must be understood is that there are actually different types of cloning that serve different purposes because each type focuses on a specific goal. The first area of cloning is DNA cloning which is the copying of genes to better understand how they work and find cures for genetic malfunctions. DNA cloning is, perhaps, the oldest of the three types of cloning with it being around since the 1970’s (Cloning Fact Sheet, 2009). This form of cloning is the most widely accepted form since it does not cross into the realm of human cloning which is one of the largest debates that exists. One of the things that DNA cloning can accomplish is curing genetic malfunctions, by placing a cloned copy of the correct gene into the body via a virus that will replicate in the body and there for take the place of the faulty genes. However, the most important aspect of DNA cloning is to make advances in gene therapy which is a technique for correcting defective genes responsible for disease development.
Closely related to DNA cloning is therapeutic cloning which, like DNA, is the cloning of cells; but the cloning is of embryos not in the hope to create human life but rather to harvest stem cells. The harvesting of these cells is important since these cells, unlike all of the others in the human body, are able to form into any type of cell in the body ranging from bone, tissue, blood, and brain cells. Once the human body progresses to a certain stage the stem cells change into specialized cells and from that they will only be able to form those specific cells from that point forward. The main hope from therapeutic cloning is to use these stem cells to serve as replacement cells to treat such diseases as cancer, heart disease, and even Alzheimer’s. However, one of the strongest arguments for therapeutic cloning is the use of these stem cells for organ donation (Cloning Fact Sheet, 2009). Because the cells do not require the use of immunosuppressant drugs, which is generally used when transplanting a foreign organ, with this and the fact that...

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