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The Ethics Of Human Cloning Essay

1307 words - 5 pages

Human cloning is separated into two major categories; reproductive cloning, which uses cloning technology to create a human embryo that will produce an entire human, and therapeutic, which adopt cloning into field of medical practices to find a cure for many diseases (Kass). Reproductive cloning requires a somatic cell, a DNA-less egg, and a surrogate mother; as a result, it creates a new individual with the same genome, or genetic coding. The idea originated in Germany in 1938, but the first successful research was not conducted until 1967 by scientist John Gurdon, who cloned a tadpole with a frog’s somatic cell. The most prominent experiment was the cloning of Dolly the sheep in 1997 by a scientist from Scotland. The successful cloning of an adult mammal suggests that the cloning of a human is possible; however, this does not mean cloning was perfected. Dolly’s creation raised many controversies among the politicians, they argued whether or not the human cloning should be banned. In 2001, the senate passed the Human Cloning Prohibition Act by the vote of 265 to 162 banning any practice of human cloning (“Human Cloning”). Although human cloning, especially therapeutic cloning, may help the scientists cure many genetic related diseases and give the infertile parents the chance to have children of their own, skeptics have argued that the cloning of a whole human embryo is unethical, could be used to create “baby idols,” and shorten the life expectancy of the clone.
Because human cloning may be used in medical practices to cure many diseases, some people think it outweighed any other dangers imposed by cloning. Using the cloning method in cellular therapies can be much more efficient than the method the doctors use now. The patients will no longer have to wait months or maybe even years for an organ transplant and chance the possibility of their body rejecting the organs. Using the cloning method, scientists could replace the defective cells with another cloned cell consistent with the patient’s own genome; so instead of risking the chance of dying during the long waiting period of the traditional organ transplant, as many as three thousands Americans could be saved per day. The diseases like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, cancers, and diabetes can all be treated using therapeutic cloning treatments (“Human Cloning”). Among all the great world religions, Buddhism is the only religion to agree to the fact that therapeutic cloning could alleviate or even stop human suffering and bring benefit to our future (“Introduction to The Ethics of Human Cloning: At Issue”).
Human reproductive cloning may also provide infertile parents a chance to have children with the parent’s genetic makeup. The age differences and environmental factors will affect their development, and it will not permit the clones to develop the exact same and perfected skills. Therefore, the cloned object will not be the exact copy of each other and the chance of creating a gene pool, a...

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