The Ethics Of Stem Cell Research

884 words - 4 pages

Embryonic stem cell research can be easily defined. A stem is defined as something that is developed from. A cell is defined as a microscopic living organism. According to Dennis Hollinger, "Embryonic stem cell research uses from the embryo's inner cell mass that give rise to each of the human body's many different tissue types"(1). In our modern day society, stem cell research has become a controversial topic. Several people strongly oppose the idea of the research, but many are struggling for the continuance of the program. Embryonic stem cell research should be allowed to continue because it aids in the search of cures for diseases, offers an alternative to discarding unused embryos from in vitro fertilization, and is supported by the utilitarian philosophy. According to Charles Krauthammer, "The basic research needs to be done and we might as well get started now" (2).

There are many people in the world, unfortunately, who are stricken with illnesses that have no cure for. Embryonic stem cell research is on the brink of curing diseases such as Parkinson's disease, cancer, spinal cord injuries (Krauthammer1). There are many people who argue that science has gone too far, but the majority of them do not have an incurable illness. Jerrold Nadler, a democrat from New York, explains my last statement in his opinion: " We must not say to millions of sick or injured human beings, ` go ahead and die, stay paralyzed, because we believe the blastocyst, the clump of cells, is more important than you are'.... It is a sentence of death to many Americans" (Hatch2). The problem in society is that opposing ideas to stem cell research do not take into consideration the lives that can one day be saved. New research shows a significant change while using stem therapy in babies who develop Krabbe's disease. "Krabbe's disease is a devastating enzyme order that prevents the nerve fibers in babies' brains from developing the myelin insulation they need, leading to blindness, deafness, cognitive deterioration and death before age two" (Klugar1). Pediatrician Maria Escolar, the leading neuron-developer, explains how the cells tend to grow on damaged tissue areas, more than any other areas in the child's body.

Stem cell research also offers an alternative to unused embryos from in vitro fertilization. With consent of the patient, the unused embryos can be donated to stem cell research. When left unused, the embryos are seemingly "thrown away." The issue of involving in vitro with stem cell research is also a controversial topic. [The question is] "Whether a frozen embryo stored in a refrigerator in a clinic is really equivalent to an embryo or fetus developing in a mother's womb" (Hatch3). The argument of "committing murder" if the embryos are used for research, is contradicted by the discarding of them. If the embryos are not...

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