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The Ethiopian National Youth Policy Essay

820 words - 4 pages

The concept of “youth” has been used since early times. However, there is no standard or universally accepted definition of youth, since the different culture has a different perception. Early scholars and philosophers considered youth as a concept similar to “early childhood”. Later concepts saw it as analogous to adolescences (Hoult, 1997). Today, there is a general tendency to see youth as a stage between late adolescence and early adulthood. The concept “youth” is both a product of biological maturation and social definition (Encyclopedic dictionary of sociology, 1986).
According to the definition of the United Nations, youth constitute the population between 14-24 years of age. As a ...view middle of the document...

In this study, therefore, an age based definition forwarded by the Ethiopian Social Security and development policy and United Nations, which conceptualize youth as persons between 15-24 years of age. Hence, in this study, youth refers to a person between the age ranges of 15-25.
Hamilton and Hamilton (2004) described the term “youth development” in three different ways. They argued for youth development as a natural process of development, principles, and practices.
In their first conceptualization of youth development as a natural process, Hamilton and Hamilton (2004) referred youth development as a natural unfolding human development process in which the potentials or capacity inherent in the human organism or young people grows to understand and act on the environment grow. Second, the term youth development is also considered as a set of principles, a philosophy or approach that gives due attention to active support for the growing capacity of young people by different organs at the community level which help all young people to flourish (Hamilton and Hamilton, 2004). Lastly, conceptualizing youth development as a practice, Hamilton and Hamilton (2004) have described youth development as a variety of practices in programs, organizations, and initiatives. This refers to the application of the above principles to a planned set of practices, or activities, that foster the natural unfolding developmental process in young people.
On the other hand, the most important youth development advocates; Pittman and his colleagues (1993) defined the concept of Youth Development as...

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