The Etiology Of Addiction Disease Model

1530 words - 6 pages

Addiction is like all behaviours “the business of the brain”. Addictions are compulsive physical and psychological needs from habit-forming sustenances like nicotine, alcohol, and drugs. Being occupied with or involved in such activities, leads a person who uses them again and again to become tolerant and dependent eventually experiencing withdrawal. (Molintas, 2006).
Addictive drugs cause dopamine neurons to release dopamine, the pleasure hormone. The narcotics disable the neurons that would usually keep the dopamine neurons in check; becoming over stimulated. Endorphins are produced and released within the brain, creating a high and reinforcing the individual’s positive associations with the activity. Hence “the rush” (Molintas, 2006)
Considering alcohol, alcoholic beverages have been a part of this nation`s past since the Pilgrims landed (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 4). Early colonists had a high regard for alcoholic beverages because alcohol was believed to be a healthy substance with preventative and curative capabilities rather than as an intoxicant. (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 4) Alcohol was the “centerpiece” in taverns throughout the colonies.
The production and consumption of alcohol caused enough concern to precipitate several versions of the `temperance ‘movement, which was developed to encourage people to refrain from the use of distilled spirits. Their goal was the replacement of excessive drinking with more moderate and socially approved levels of drinking (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 4).
In the early 1800`s, clergy took the position that alcohol could corrupt both the mind and body (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 4). Throughout history, humans have used drugs to achieve desired changes of experiences. Even ancient warriors “fortified themselves with alcohol before battle to boost their courage and decrease sensitivity to pain”. (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 20) Those people who over consumed were regarded as weak-willed or sinful but were not felt to be a threat to society. Records indicate that people sought help for drinking problems in Egypt approximately 5000 years ago. Even though there has been substantial research, many questions remain regarding addiction (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 20).
Historically in the later part of the 18th century, the teachings and writings of Benjamin Rush actually precipitated the birth of the American disease concept of alcoholism as an addiction (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 10). Benjamin Rush; a physician, originally from Philadelphia began to write about inebriety (UnKnown, 2011). He referred to this condition as a disease of the will, resulting in loss of control, and that over-drinking behaviour is curable but only through abstinence (David Capuzzi, 2008, p. 10) (UnKnown, 2011).
The rationale for this view was that no rational person would deliberately engage in a behaviour that was both anti-social and harmful to them. Hence they must be consuming substances against their will, which is unlike normal people....

Find Another Essay On The Etiology of Addiction Disease Model

Finding A Way Out. A cause and effect paper on the disease of addiction

845 words - 3 pages Cunning, Baffling and Incurable; An addict,Where can they go? What choices do they have?What does it take to get off the tracks on aone-way ride to no where?The disease of drug addiction reflects so many aspects of ones life in negative ways. Unless addressed in a rigorous program of honesty and willingness and removing one-self from self-obsession, the end results are statistically proven to be jails, institutions and death. An individual will

The Consequences of Addiction Essay

1146 words - 5 pages become invisible…” yet art therapy “ provides a tangible representation of the disease” while providing a safe “distance necessary for integration” (p.10). Professionals working with this population widely espouse the importance of group therapy while working with addiction (Wilson, 1999; Adelman and Castricone, 1986; Matto, Corcoran, & Fassler, 2003). Group art therapy can surpass the feeling of shame by providing “a healthy detachment from

The World of Addiction

1912 words - 8 pages “Addiction is a brain disease expressed in the form of compulsive behavior,” says by Alan Leshner in his article, “Addiction Is a Brain Disease” featured in the book Drug Abuse: Opposing Viewpoints. Addiction has a variety of meanings depending on what your viewpoint of addiction. According to, the concrete definition of the word addiction is, “the state of being enslaved to a habit or practice or to something that is

The Concept of Dual Addiction

1515 words - 6 pages process. First, I would like to provide a general definition of addiction. Addiction is the repetition of a behavior or behaviors in a habitual or obsessive manner in the face of continued or progressively worsening consequences. Twelve step programs have labeled it as a disease of the mind, body and spirit. There is a general consensus among those who are addicted that to stop or cease the addiction process is not a difficult task. It is the

The Dangers of Internet Addiction

728 words - 3 pages Internet addiction has been a growing problem in recent decades. Researchers have been studying this phenomenon since as early as 1999 by using the Young’s Internet Addiction Test (Griffiths, Kuss, Shorter, van de Mheen, & van Rooij, 2013). This test is a list of twenty questions asking about the taker’s habits and feelings about being online. The test taker ranks their responses to each question on a scale from ‘rarely’ to ‘always’ (The Center

The Evil of Drug Addiction

521 words - 2 pages consumption of them in large quantities will lead to dependency and addiction. Continued addiction upsets the digestive system, especially the liver, leading eventually to death. Drugs also affect the nervous system, especially the brain which controls the voluntary action. So a man under the influence of a drug in unable to walk properly, and he staggers. Id deadens the senses, so he does not know what he does or speaks. Very often, under the

The Addiction of Video Games

1493 words - 6 pages during their classes. For example, In the Netherlands, a study has confirmed the existence of video game addiction and the psychological effect on a group of addicted teens. “This group is likely to have various psychological and social problems, as game overuse can be severely disruptive to school, work and ‘real-life’ social contacts”(Van Rooij, et al, 205). This study confirms that addicted teens struggle socially and mentally due to playing

The Power of Addiction and the Addiction to Power

1758 words - 7 pages him is when he discusses the need for the substance use and abuse and what can happen as a result. Maté describes his definition of addiction as “any behaviour that gives temporary relief, temporary pleasure, but in the long term causes negative consequences, harm, and can’t give [the addiction] up despite the negative consequences”(Maté, 2012). I believe the most integral piece of information throughout Dr. Maté’s address is this definition. He

The disease of masturbation

1209 words - 5 pages of a single definition, there is not, nor need be, one concept of disease (UWO, p.241)." The problem with Englehardt's article is our health system is that of the biomedical model. The biomedical model does not recognize masturbation as a disease. It states that "disease is a biological deviation from the norm that can be explained scientifically" (Charland). Masturbation has not been proven to fit into either category. Masturbation may have

Disease Of The Mind

667 words - 3 pages I have a cousin name Jill Anna, whom I most loved. She is 10 years old and she is a sweet heard to most of the people who know her. Others who don't know her, they affaire and scared of her because of her disease. She was born along with that disease and she has to carry it through her entire life. Her disease was known as "Disease of the Mind" or "Mental Illness." Some people define metal illness in term of "crazy." But that is not the

The Disease of Asthma

1744 words - 7 pages Asthma is a lung disease that affects approximately ten million people in the United States. (Cramer 2) In people with asthma, the airways of the lungs are hypersensitive to irritants such as cigarette smoke or allergens. When these irritants are inhaled, the airways react by constricting, or narrowing. Some people with asthma have only mild, intermittent symptoms that can be controlled without drugs. In others, the symptoms are chronic

Similar Essays

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1694 words - 7 pages to psychological disorder. Another etiological aspect that is associated with a possible biological explanation for autism is the field of biochemistry. One particular biochemical model associated with the etiology of this disease is the opioid system. Recently, a number of researchers have proposed that a hyperactivity of the opioid system may be involved with specific behavioral aspects exhibited in autism. "This hypothesis was derived from

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1410 words - 6 pages In the United States, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that between 1 in 80 and 1 in 240, for an average of 1 in 110 children have an autism spectrum disorder, “ASD” (Nirv, Shah 2011). According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, up to six out of every 1,000 children may be diagnosed with some form of autism. In addition, boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism. This means that

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1673 words - 7 pages Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental

The Dutch Disease Model Essay

2281 words - 10 pages limited solely to resources rich exporters, although the term is generally associated with natural resource discoveries. During the late 1970’s, the Economist magazine, in an attempt to encapsulate the effects of these discoveries on the Dutch economy, coined the term “The Dutch Disease”. The Dutch Disease model is used by economists to examine the effects of any occurrence that promotes a large inflow of foreign currency and negative