This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1410 words - 6 pages

In the United States, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that between 1 in 80 and 1 in 240, for an average of 1 in 110 children have an autism spectrum disorder, “ASD” (Nirv, Shah 2011). According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, up to six out of every 1,000 children may be diagnosed with some form of autism. In addition, boys are four times more likely than girls to have autism. This means that as many as 1.5 million Americans today are believed to have some form of autism. Unfortunately, the numbers appear to be increasing rapidly. Autism is a disability that frequently appears during the first three years of life. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the functioning of the brain and impacts the normal development of the brain in the areas of social interaction and communication skills (Bee & Boyd, 2009). It is the most prevalent developmental disorder to date. Autism is one of five disorders coming under the umbrella of Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD), a category of neurological disorders characterized by "severe and pervasive impairment in several areas of development," including social interaction and communications skills (Zager, 2006). The etiology of autism is a topic of controversial debate, while researchers strive to achieve a common objective. The goal is to identify the cause of autism to understand the complex interplay between environment and gene regulation (NCBI, 2009). Although individuals with autism have existed for many centuries it was not recognized and labeled until mid 20th century. Therefore, early detection, intervention and an individual educational plan are essentials for the progress of ASD.
The etiology of ASD is considered idiopathic (of uncertain cause) in approximately 90% to 95% of the cases. In the remaining 5 % to 10%, the characteristics of ASD are thought to be secondary to children’s primary impairment. Secondary causes of autism include pre-natal care, environmental factors, chromosomal abnormalities and genetic disorders. Environmental factors most notably, are the role of vaccinations, specifically those with the preservative thimerosal (Caronna, Milunsky, & Tager-Flusberg, 2008). The most common genetic disorder associated with autism is fragile X syndrome. Scientists continue to investigate the etiology of ASD. Current research seems to support two etiologies of autism: Early Onset of Autism vs. Regressive Autism (Bristol-Power, 2006). There is optimism that specific causes and risk factors will be identified. The results of future investigations will facilitate enhanced screening, prevention, and therapy for "at risk" and autistic patients (CMN, 2010).
The word autism meaning “living in self” in Greek was first utilized in 1911 by Swiss psychiatrist, Eugene Bleuler. He used this word to describe a condition of self absorption caused by social relatedness (Gupta 2004). In 1943, Dr. Leo Kanner from the...

Find Another Essay On The Etiology of Autism

The Truths of Autism Essay

1379 words - 6 pages Every year doctors diagnose thousands of adults and children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Due to the growing awareness of autism and recent developments in technology, scientists and doctors can now discover and observe the effects of autism on society, and people. Starting with its discovery, researchers have been able to diagnose people more effectively. Doctors are beginning to discover what causes this disorder, and are currently trying

The Aetiology of Autism Essay

3846 words - 15 pages Review critically the key theoretical perspectives upon the aetiology of Autism.Autism is a psychiatric disorder characterized by impairments in three domains: social interaction, communication, and restricted and repetitive behaviors and interests. (DSM-IV, 1994, p.75) The aetiology of Autism has eluded professionals in many different disciplines with its obscure and enigmatic nature. The question of what causes Autism is highly controversial

The Genetics of Autism

1666 words - 7 pages . Some people with ASD thrive in music, math, visual skills and art. The acute signs of autism and symptoms of autism tend to appear between the ages of 2 to 3 years old. (Autism Speaks) http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-LCvYe3MSx68/T6f9sZRTw1I/AAAAAAAAFcE/ZEIaXXZohkw/s1600/autism-spectrum-conditions.jpg Figure 1 Figure 1 shows the variants of autism spectrum disorders. In many cases children are either diagnosed with either Autism or PDD-NOS

The Rise of Autism

1963 words - 8 pages Autism has become one of the top disabilities in California’s developmental system. Today, the rise of autism is increasing by 10 - 17 percent each year. (Madeleine 3) "The disease was first identified by child psychologist Leo Kanner in 1943 at Johns Hopkins University" (Little 2). Autism is a disorder that is usually detected within the first three years. According to the Autism Society of America, 1 in 166 individuals are diagnosed with

The Misunderstanding of Autism Disorder

865 words - 4 pages of the world have in common with a post-Impressionist painter, an American author, distinguished composer, and multi-billionaire? The answer…autism. Through retrospective diagnosis and research, all seven men have been speculated to have had autism or display symptoms and behavioral traits of autistic individuals. Admittedly, when I first chose to explore autism, I figured it would be an easier psychological issue to discuss than bi-polar

The Everchanging Diagnosis of Autism

2207 words - 9 pages The Everchanging Diagnosis of Autism Throughout the years the diagnosis of autism has changed dramatically. Once, it was mistakenly diagnosed as childhood schizophrenia. Now that much more extensive research has been done, researchers have found distinct characteristics that are typical of autistic individuals. It is most often characterized by difficulty in the child's ability to respond to people, events, and objects. Responses to

Through the Eyes of Autism

1415 words - 6 pages until the age of onset, he appeared to be exceeding average intelligence. However, Jacob's parents began to notice behavior changes in Jacob. He would do things such as bang his head on the couch while rocking back and forth, spin in circles and cross his eyes. Jacob's manifestations concerned his parents to the point of seeking medical advice.The effects of autism are different in each individual. Jacob has many of the tendencies that define autism

The Signs and Effects of Autism

1422 words - 6 pages The Signs and Effects of Autism Autism is a rare disease that has been noticed for centuries. The purest form of autism (high IQ and almost normal behavior yet still self-contained) occurs in about “one in 2,000 people”. When the many other forms of autism are added in, the ratio is “one in 750”. Autism is found in every race, ethnic group, nation, and social standing, although “males outnumber females by four or five times” (“Autistic

The Most Common Treatment of Autism

1663 words - 7 pages Autism was discovered in the early 1900. It was then used to name a range of different neuropsychological conditions. The Term Autism is derived from the word “autos” that in Greek means self. This word was used because Autistic people usually keep to themselves and keep away from social interactions. The first person to use this term was a Eugen Bleuler. He was a Swiss Psychiatrist. He started this in 1911 and he used this to refer to certain

Vaccines Are Not the Cause of Autism

804 words - 3 pages For recurrent generations, there encompasses numerous controversies surrounding vaccinations for children in addition to the unfavorable reactions that may arise. The chief concerns are whether vaccinating causes serious developmental delays such as autism in children. The aim of this composition is to enlighten others that vaccinating children does not bring about autism. By means of scientific exploration along with advanced medical diagnosis

Programs for the Treatment of Autism

2123 words - 8 pages Programs for the Treatment of Autism Autism is a pervasive developmental disorder first termed by a man by the name of Kanner in 1943. He described a group of children as having severe language, behavior, and social interaction difficulties. These descriptors are what have come to be the core elements of autism today. Autism is characterized in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (4th ed.) by a continuum of abnormal development in

Similar Essays

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1694 words - 7 pages The Etiology of Autism Autism is a syndrome that is characterized by the impairment of social interaction skills, verbal and nonverbal communication, and a decreased interest in participating in a variety of activities. In 1943, Kanner, the man who is attributed with the identification of this disease, hypothesized that autism might be a biological disorder as opposed to a psychological one. Numerous studies have been conducted supporting

The Etiology Of Autism Essay

1673 words - 7 pages Autism is a behavioral syndrome usually presenting behavior abnormalities before the child is 30 months of age. These behavioral abnormalities include marked social deficits, specific language abnormalities and stereotyped, repetitive behaviors (Piven, 1990). Although the exact etiology of autism is not known it is now believed that it is a dysfunction of one or more unidentified brain systems and not the result of parental and environmental

The Etiology Of Addiction Disease Model

1530 words - 6 pages explain the etiology or causes of addiction so that diagnosis and treatment plans can be as effective as possible. The disease model can be described as a lifelong disease involving biologic and environmental sources of origin. The model was first applied to alcohol, and then it was applied to other drugs when hostility toward them emerged. For example, opium had been widely used for thousands of years before it was “discovered” (Stanton Peele, 1988

The Signs Of Autism Essay

1186 words - 5 pages At the age of two, my brother was diagnosed with autism. While he was playing at McDonalds, we noticed that there was something different about Patirck. He was not associating himself with the other children and would not take off his shoes. He would also not show affection or keep eye contact with someone. This left us very curious to why he was behaving so differently than the average two year old. When the doctors told us he had autism we