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The European Renaisance Essay

730 words - 3 pages

The Renaissance was a period of European history, consideredby modern scholars as that between 1300 and 1600. Many dramaticchanges happened during the Renaissance. The Renaissance was aperiod of new inventions and beliefs.The Renaissance was drastically different from the MiddleAges. During the Middle Ages the church held most of the power andit's economy was agriculturally based. Exploration and learningwas almost put to a stop. During the Renaissance society wastransformed into a society increasingly dominated by central politicalinstitutions with an urban commercial attitude. Also, people'scuriosity overcame their fear and many people started to venture outand explore. New schools and colleges became more and more common.The Renaissance was started by many rich Italian cities, suchas Florence, Ferrara, Milan ,and Venice. Because these cities werevery wealthy, many merchants started to spend money on differentthings, such as painting, learning, new banking techniques, and newsystems of government. These things gave rise to a new type ofscholar, the humanist. Humanism was subjects concerned with humankindand culture. They studied various things such as Latin, Greeklanguage, literature and philosophy. Music and mathematics were alsostudied as well.The Renaissance gave way to new forms of painting , art andsculpture. During the Renaissance, artist were no longer regarded asmere artisans, as they had been to the medieval past, but for thefirst time emerged as independent personalities, compared to poets andwriters. Many artisans merged mathematics with art , in order tobecome more precise in their measurements and to make sure an objectwas supported both rationally and proportionally. As a resultpainters tried and often succeeded into making their painting a windowinto the world. Artists also studied the way light hits objects andthe way our eyes perceive light. A new kind of paint called oil paintwas used. This allowed the artist to create texture , mix colors, andallow more time for corrections before it dried.The printing press was probably the most important advance intechnology. Europeans first used movable metal type to print a book.On small pieces of metal they engraved single letters of thealphabet. These could then be arranged and rearranged to form wordsand sentences. Johan Gutenberg is usually given credit for the firstbook printed, a copy of...

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